Chris Winters > SPOPS > SPOPS::Import::DBI::Table

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NAME ^

SPOPS::Import::DBI::Table - Import a DBI table structure

SYNOPSIS ^

 #!/usr/bin/perl
 
 use strict;
 use SPOPS::Import;
 
 {
     my $table_import = SPOPS::Import->new( 'table' );
     $table_import->database_type( 'sybase' );
     $table_import->read_table_from_fh( \*DATA );
     $table_import->print_only( 1 );
     $table_import->transforms([ \&table_login ]);
     $table_import->run;
 }
 
 sub table_login {
    my ( $transformer, $sql, $importer ) = @_;
    $$sql =~ s/%%LOGIN%%/varchar(25)/g;
 }
 
 __DATA__
 CREATE TABLE sys_user (
  user_id       %%INCREMENT%%,
  login_name    %%LOGIN%% not null,
  password      varchar(30) not null,
  last_login    datetime null,
  num_logins    int null,
  theme_id      %%INCREMENT_TYPE%% default 1,
  first_name    varchar(50) null,
  last_name     varchar(50) null,
  title         varchar(50) null,
  email         varchar(100) not null,
  language      char(2) default 'en',
  notes         text null,
  removal_date  %%DATETIME%% null,
  primary key   ( user_id ),
  unique        ( login_name )
 )

 Output:
 
 CREATE TABLE sys_user (
  user_id       NUMERIC( 10, 0 ) IDENTITY NOT NULL,
  login_name    varchar(25) not null,
  password      varchar(30) not null,
  last_login    datetime null,
  num_logins    int null,
  theme_id      NUMERIC( 10, 0 ) default 1,
  first_name    varchar(50) null,
  last_name     varchar(50) null,
  title         varchar(50) null,
  email         varchar(100) not null,
  language      char(2) default 'en',
  notes         text null,
  removal_date  datetime null,
  primary key   ( user_id ),
  unique        ( login_name )
 )

DESCRIPTION ^

This class allows you to transform and import (or simply display) a DBI table structure.

Transformations are done via two means. The first is the database-specific classes and the standard modifications provided by SPOPS::Import::DBI::TableTransform. The second is custom code that you can write.

METHODS ^

database_type ($)

Type of database to generate a table for. See SPOPS::Import::DBI::TableTransform for the listing and types to use.

transforms (\@ of \&, or \&)

Register with the import object one or more code references that will get called to modify a SQL statement. See "CUSTOM TRANSFORMATIONS" below.

print_only (boolean)

If set to true, the final table will be printed to STDOUT rather than sent to a database.

return_only (boolean)

If set to true, the final table will be returned from run() rather than sent to a database.

CUSTOM TRANSFORMATIONS ^

As the example in SYNOPSIS indicates, you can register perl code to modify the contents of a table before it is displayed or sent to a database. When called the code will get three arguments:

1. an object that is a subclass of SPOPS::Import::DBI::TableTransform for the database type specified
2. a scalar reference to the SQL statement to be transformed
3. the SPOPS::Import::DBI::Table object being currently used.

Most of the transformation code will be very simple, along the lines of:

 sub my_transform {
    my ( $self, $sql, $importer ) = @_;
    $$sql =~ s/%%THIS_KEY%%/THAT SQL EXPRESSION/g;
 }

BUILT-IN TRANSFORMATIONS ^

These are the built-in transformations:

increment

Key: %%INCREMENT%%

Replaces the key with an expression to generate a unique ID value with every INSERT. Some databases accomplish this with a sequence, others with an auto-incrementing value.

increment_type

Key: %%INCREMENT_TYPE%%

Datatype of the increment field specified by %%INCREMENT%%. This is necessary when you are creating foreign keys (logical or enforced) and need to know the datatype of the ID you are referencing.

datetime

Key: %%DATETIME%%

Datatype of the field that holds a date and time value. This should not be automatically set with every insert/update (as it is with MySQL).

BUGS ^

None known.

TO DO ^

Nothing known.

SEE ALSO ^

SPOPS::Manual::ImportExport

SPOPS::Import::DBI::TableTransform

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2001-2004 intes.net, inc.. All rights reserved.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

AUTHORS ^

Chris Winters <chris@cwinters.com>

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