David Golden > CPAN-Meta-2.120921 > CPAN::Meta

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Module Version: 2.120921   Source   Latest Release: CPAN-Meta-2.140640

NAME ^

CPAN::Meta - the distribution metadata for a CPAN dist

VERSION ^

version 2.120921

SYNOPSIS ^

  my $meta = CPAN::Meta->load_file('META.json');

  printf "testing requirements for %s version %s\n",
    $meta->name,
    $meta->version;

  my $prereqs = $meta->requirements_for('configure');

  for my $module ($prereqs->required_modules) {
    my $version = get_local_version($module);

    die "missing required module $module" unless defined $version;
    die "version for $module not in range"
      unless $prereqs->accepts_module($module, $version);
  }

DESCRIPTION ^

Software distributions released to the CPAN include a META.json or, for older distributions, META.yml, which describes the distribution, its contents, and the requirements for building and installing the distribution. The data structure stored in the META.json file is described in CPAN::Meta::Spec.

CPAN::Meta provides a simple class to represent this distribution metadata (or distmeta), along with some helpful methods for interrogating that data.

The documentation below is only for the methods of the CPAN::Meta object. For information on the meaning of individual fields, consult the spec.

METHODS ^

new

  my $meta = CPAN::Meta->new($distmeta_struct, \%options);

Returns a valid CPAN::Meta object or dies if the supplied metadata hash reference fails to validate. Older-format metadata will be up-converted to version 2 if they validate against the original stated specification.

It takes an optional hashref of options. Valid options include:

create

  my $meta = CPAN::Meta->create($distmeta_struct, \%options);

This is same as new(), except that generated_by and meta-spec fields will be generated if not provided. This means the metadata structure is assumed to otherwise follow the latest CPAN::Meta::Spec.

load_file

  my $meta = CPAN::Meta->load_file($distmeta_file, \%options);

Given a pathname to a file containing metadata, this deserializes the file according to its file suffix and constructs a new CPAN::Meta object, just like new(). It will die if the deserialized version fails to validate against its stated specification version.

It takes the same options as new() but lazy_validation defaults to true.

load_yaml_string

  my $meta = CPAN::Meta->load_yaml_string($yaml, \%options);

This method returns a new CPAN::Meta object using the first document in the given YAML string. In other respects it is identical to load_file().

load_json_string

  my $meta = CPAN::Meta->load_json_string($json, \%options);

This method returns a new CPAN::Meta object using the structure represented by the given JSON string. In other respects it is identical to load_file().

save

  $meta->save($distmeta_file, \%options);

Serializes the object as JSON and writes it to the given file. The only valid option is version, which defaults to '2'. On Perl 5.8.1 or later, the file is saved with UTF-8 encoding.

For version 2 (or higher), the filename should end in '.json'. JSON::PP is the default JSON backend. Using another JSON backend requires JSON 2.5 or later and you must set the $ENV{PERL_JSON_BACKEND} to a supported alternate backend like JSON::XS.

For version less than 2, the filename should end in '.yml'. CPAN::Meta::Converter is used to generate an older metadata structure, which is serialized to YAML. CPAN::Meta::YAML is the default YAML backend. You may set the $ENV{PERL_YAML_BACKEND} to a supported alternative backend, though this is not recommended due to subtle incompatibilities between YAML parsers on CPAN.

meta_spec_version

This method returns the version part of the meta_spec entry in the distmeta structure. It is equivalent to:

  $meta->meta_spec->{version};

effective_prereqs

  my $prereqs = $meta->effective_prereqs;

  my $prereqs = $meta->effective_prereqs( \@feature_identifiers );

This method returns a CPAN::Meta::Prereqs object describing all the prereqs for the distribution. If an arrayref of feature identifiers is given, the prereqs for the identified features are merged together with the distribution's core prereqs before the CPAN::Meta::Prereqs object is returned.

should_index_file

  ... if $meta->should_index_file( $filename );

This method returns true if the given file should be indexed. It decides this by checking the file and directory keys in the no_index property of the distmeta structure.

$filename should be given in unix format.

should_index_package

  ... if $meta->should_index_package( $package );

This method returns true if the given package should be indexed. It decides this by checking the package and namespace keys in the no_index property of the distmeta structure.

features

  my @feature_objects = $meta->features;

This method returns a list of CPAN::Meta::Feature objects, one for each optional feature described by the distribution's metadata.

feature

  my $feature_object = $meta->feature( $identifier );

This method returns a CPAN::Meta::Feature object for the optional feature with the given identifier. If no feature with that identifier exists, an exception will be raised.

as_struct

  my $copy = $meta->as_struct( \%options );

This method returns a deep copy of the object's metadata as an unblessed has reference. It takes an optional hashref of options. If the hashref contains a version argument, the copied metadata will be converted to the version of the specification and returned. For example:

  my $old_spec = $meta->as_struct( {version => "1.4"} );

as_string

  my $string = $meta->as_string( \%options );

This method returns a serialized copy of the object's metadata as a character string. (The strings are not UTF-8 encoded.) It takes an optional hashref of options. If the hashref contains a version argument, the copied metadata will be converted to the version of the specification and returned. For example:

  my $string = $meta->as_struct( {version => "1.4"} );

For version greater than or equal to 2, the string will be serialized as JSON. For version less than 2, the string will be serialized as YAML. In both cases, the same rules are followed as in the save() method for choosing a serialization backend.

STRING DATA ^

The following methods return a single value, which is the value for the corresponding entry in the distmeta structure. Values should be either undef or strings.

LIST DATA ^

These methods return lists of string values, which might be represented in the distmeta structure as arrayrefs or scalars:

The authors and licenses methods may also be called as author and license, respectively, to match the field name in the distmeta structure.

MAP DATA ^

These readers return hashrefs of arbitrary unblessed data structures, each described more fully in the specification:

CUSTOM DATA ^

A list of custom keys are available from the custom_keys method and particular keys may be retrieved with the custom method.

  say $meta->custom($_) for $meta->custom_keys;

If a custom key refers to a data structure, a deep clone is returned.

BUGS ^

Please report any bugs or feature using the CPAN Request Tracker. Bugs can be submitted through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/Dist/Display.html?Queue=CPAN-Meta

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.

SEE ALSO ^

SUPPORT ^

Bugs / Feature Requests

Please report any bugs or feature requests through the issue tracker at http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=CPAN-Meta. You will be notified automatically of any progress on your issue.

Source Code

This is open source software. The code repository is available for public review and contribution under the terms of the license.

http://github.com/dagolden/cpan-meta

  git clone git://github.com/dagolden/cpan-meta.git

AUTHORS ^

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This software is copyright (c) 2010 by David Golden and Ricardo Signes.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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