Laurent Dami > Alien-GvaScript-1.44 > Alien::GvaScript::TreeNavigator

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NAME ^

Alien::GvaScript::TreeNavigator - Navigation in a tree structure

SYNOPSIS ^

  <head>
    <script src="prototype.js"></script>
    <script src="Keymap.js"></script>
    <script src="Navigator.js"></script>
    <link href="Navigator.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
  </head>
  
  <body onload="new GvaScript.TreeNavigator('TN_tree')">
    <div id="TN_tree">
      <div class="TN_node">
        <span class="TN_label">Label 1</span>
        <div class="TN_content">
          <div class="TN_node">
            <span class="TN_label">Label 1.1</span>
            <div class="TN_content">
            ...Content of node 1.1
            </div>
          </div>
          <div class="TN_leaf">
            <span class="TN_label">Label 1.2 for leaf</span>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>                  
    </div>
  </body>

DESCRIPTION ^

Handles navigation in a data tree. The tree description is usual HTML, with some special classes to identify nodes. Nodes can be browsed, closed or opened. All operations take place directly within the tree, not in a separate panel.

Tree structure

A tree is a collection of nodes. Each node must have a label element and can have a content element. A node may be either open (its content is visible) or closed (its content is invisible). The label of the node is always visible, if the node itself is visible. Some nodes can be declared as leaves : in that case they have no content and have no open/close operations.

The content of a node may include other nodes, so a whole subtree may become invisible if the parent node is closed. Opening or closing nodes may be controlled by the mouse, by the keyboard, or through the programming interface.

A node's content may also by dynamic, by specifying TN:contentURL with the URL as value:

  <div class="TN_node TN_closed" TN:contentURL="/my/url.html">
    <div class="TN_label">Label for dynamic node</div>
  </div>

If the user opens that node, the content of the URL will by dynamically fetched and inserted into the tree. The content then stays there, but can be forcibly reloaded by hitting the Ctrl-R key.

HTML tree declaration

The tree can be any HTML block element. It should contain one or several block elements declared with class TN_node or class TN_leaf -- usually these are DIV elements. Other HTML elements may be freely interspersed with nodes, although this usually does not make much sense for navigability.

Every node must in turn contain an inline element declared with class TN_label -- usually this is a SPAN element. If the node is not a leaf, it may then contain a block element declared with class TN_content -- usually this is another DIV element. Both the label and the content should be direct children of the node element.

At initialisation time, a new SPAN element is automatically inserted before each label, in order to add the +/- navigation buttons.

Icons customization

By default, the navigation buttons inserted on the left of labels are small icons representing +/- signs. To show other icons, change the CSS rules about the TN_button class:

  .TN_button { 
  background-image: url(myIconForOpenNodes.gif);   
  }
  .TN_closed .TN_button { 
  background-image: url(myIconForClosedNodes.gif); 
  } 

In addition, if you want another icon for illustrating the node's content (like for example an open or closed folder), you can proceed as follows:

Usage : navigation ^

Navigation in the tree is either with the mouse or with the keyboard. At any point in time, at most one node is selected : this is the one that receives keyboard events. Hence if the tree has no selected node, no keyboard events are interpreted.

Mouse events

Mousing over a node label adds the class TN_mouse to that node; the default style for that class is just to underline the label.

Clicking on a node label selects that node and fires the Ping event. Clicking on the square +/- icon on the left of the label toggles the open/closed status of the node.

Keyboard events

keypad +

open the node

keypad -

close the node

keypad *

open the node and all its subnodes

keypad /

close the node and all its subnodes

Ctrl-keypad *

activate "show all" mode (the content of closed nodes is nevertheless visible, which may be useful for printing)

Ctrl-keypad /

deactivate the "show all" mode

TAB

if closed, open the node; if already opened, pass focus to the next item (maybe the next node, or another tabindex-enabled HTML element, such as a form control).

ARROW_UP

move to previous displayed node

ARROW_DOWN

move to next displayed node

ARROW_LEFT

if open, close the node; if already closed, move to parent node

ARROW_RIGHT

if closed, open the node; if already open, move to next subnode

HOME

select the first node of the tree

END

select the last visible subnode of the tree

Ctrl-PAGE_UP

select the enclosing node (useful if not positioned on a node, but within a long node content)

Ctrl-PAGE_DOWN

select the displayed node after the current enclosing node (useful if not positioned on a node, but within a long node content)

Ctrl-R

refresh the node's content (if that node has an URL for dynamic content).

RETURN

fire the Ping event

Ctrl-1..Ctrl-9

close all nodes at level of the specified digit, and open all nodes above

char(s)

Tree navigator supports the 'Find As You Type' feature that allows quick node navigation when you type a series of characters. This feature is enabled by default whenever any node is active. The series of characters are cleared after an 800ms timeout of no character input. After that, a new search will be effective.

Programming interface ^

Methods

new GvaScript.TreeNavigator

  var treeNavigator = new GvaScript.TreeNavigator(
        elem, 
        {opt1:"val1", opt2:"val2", ...}
  );

Creates the object that controls navigation in the tree. Arguments are

elem

the HTML element containing the tree, or the id of that element.

options

an optional inline object specifying options.

The tree navigation object is returned, which may be useful if you later want to act on the tree programmatically (opening or closing nodes).

Unless otherwise specified, the method adds a tab index to each label (so that the user can jump to the next label through the TAB key). The method also registers onfocus, onblur, onmouseover, onmouseout and onclick handlers for label elements. Finally, as already mentioned, a new SPAN element is automatically inserted before each label.

Available options are:

tabIndex

Which tabIndex will be assigned to node labels. If labels should not participate in tabbing, specify a value of -1 (this is the default).

Setting tabIndex >= 0 is especially useful for structuring forms in treeNavigator sections : then the user will be able to smoothly tab from section headers (i.e. treeNavigator labels) to form fields within these sections.

treeTabIndex

Which tabIndex will be assigned to the tree element (if not already specified in markup). The default is 0; specifying a higher value would give a higher priority to the tree navigator within the tabbing order.

Setting tabIndex to a negative value means that the tree navigator receives no focus. In that case, the keymap created for capturing keyboard events will be bound globally to the document element (and therefore might interact in unpredictable ways with other elements capturing keys; so this is not a recommended setting).

flashDuration

Duration (in milliseconds) of "flashing", i.e. visual feedback when a key is pressed in a wrong context, like for example trying to open a node which is already open; default is 200 ms.

flashColor

Color for "flashing", expressed as standard CSS color; default is red.

selectOnButtonClick

If true, clicking on a "+/-" button next to a label will not only open or close the node, but will also select that node; default is true.

noPingOnFirstClick

If true, clicking on an unselected node will just select that node, without firing the Ping event. Since the node will then be selected, a second clic (or a double-clic) will fire the event.

This option is false by default.

selectFirstNode

If true (the default), the first node is selected and gets focus just after constructing the tree navigator.

createButtons

If true, creates the "+/-" buttons next to labels; default is true.

scrollingContainer

The id of the container where the tree overflows. Default to tree.ownerDocument.documentElement.

This is used for keyboard tree navigation autoscrolling.

autoScrollPercentage

Makes sure that the selected node is visible in the central area of its offset parent; if not, the parent is scrolled. The percentage is the ratio between the parent height and the margin at which scrolling must occur (default is 20%);

keymap

A keymap object (see Keymap.js). If that option is given, keyboard handlers are pushed into that keymap; otherwise a new keymap is created.

If you supply your own keymap, make sure that:

classes

Class names for various parts of the tree structure. This should be an inline object, with keys corresponding to the names below, and with values specified either as a single class name or as an array of class names.

node

Class(es) for node elements (default is TN_node). A node should contain a label element and a content element, and should have style display:block.

leaf

Class(es) for leaf elements (default is TN_leaf). A leaf should contain just a label element.

label

Class(es) for label elements (default is TN_label). A label should have style display:inline.

content

Class(es) for content elements (default is TN_content).

closed

Class(es) for marking closed nodes (default is TN_closed).

selected

Class(es) for marking the selected node (default is TN_selected).

mouse

Class(es) added when the mouse hovers over a node (default is TN_mouse).

button

Class(es) for buttons added automatically by the tree navigator (default is TN_button).

showall

Class(es) for the special mode in which closed nodes are nevertheless displayed (default is TN_showall).

destroy

  mytreenavigator.destroy();

This method will remove all handlers assigned to tree navigator. Call this method when the tree navigator element is removed from the DOM.

Node manipulation

All methods below take a node element as argument, i.e. are called according to pattern:

  treeNavigator.method(node);
open(node)

opens the node

close(node)

closes the node

openAtLevel(elem, level)

walks down the tree and opens all subnodes of elem until level level; closes nodes underneath

openEnclosingNodes(elem)

walks up the DOM, starting at elem (which might by any element on the page), and opens all nodes found on the way

select(node, prevent_autoscroll)

If there was a selected node, unselect it; then select the argument node. The argument can be null, in which case the tree no longer has any selected node.

The second argument prevent_autoscroll is optional; if true, no autoscroll will be performed.

scrollTo(node)

Positions the node in the middle of the screen

flash(node, duration, color)

Changes the background color of node to color for duration milliseconds. Duration and color are optional and default to 200 ms and 'red' (unless otherwise specified in the options to the treeNavigator constructor).

isClosed(node)

Returns true if the node is closed

isVisible(node)

Returns true if the node is visible (i.e. does not have display:none).

Walking the tree

nextSibling(node)

Returns the next sibling tree node (i.e. next HTML sibling element having class TN_node; this is not equivalent to node.nextSibling).

previousSibling(node)

Returns the previous sibling tree node.

parentNode(node)

Returns the parent tree node.

firstSubNode(node)

Returns the first subnode within that node's content. If no argument is given, returns the first node of the tree.

lastSubNode(node)

Returns the last subnode within that node's content. If no argument is given, returns the last node of the tree.

lastVisibleSubNode(node)

Returns the last visible subnode (recursively) of the argument node. If no argument is given, returns the last visible subnode of the tree.

label(node)

Returns the label of that node, i.e. the first HTML child element having class TN_label.

content(node)

Returns the content of that node, i.e. the last HTML child element having class TN_content.

nextDisplayedNode(node)

Returns the next tree node in page display order (i.e. next visible node down the page).

previousDisplayedNode(node)

Returns the previous tree node in page display order (i.e. previous visible node up the page).

enclosingNode(elem)

Returns the first tree node that contains the given element (which might be for example a form input).

Event handling

Manipulations to the tree generate events for which clients can register some handlers, exactly like ordinary HTML events.

Event list

Select / Deselect

triggered when a node is marked / unmarked as the currently selected node. Both events are not triggered immediately, but only after selectDelay milliseconds have elapsed : this is an optimization to avoid too many calls while the user is navigating quickly through the nodes; in other words, intermediate nodes crossed while navigating the tree will not receive any trigger.

If label selection is associated with focus (i.e. if tabIndex was not set to -1), then selection/deselection events are also triggered when the user switches to another desktop window.

Open / Close

triggered when a node is opened or closed

BeforeLoadContent / AfterLoadContent

triggered before/after a node's content is loaded from an URL (throug opening the node, or hitting the Ctrl-R key) -- see the section below about dynamic tree updates).

inspect

triggered when a user calls the inspector for a node (either by hitting the RETURN key or by double-clicking the node's label)

Event structure passed to handlers

Handlers can access an event structure, similar to what is passed to ordinary HTML events; the entries are:

type

the name of the triggered event (i.e. Select, Deselect, Open, etc.)

target

the node element on which the event was triggered

srcElement

synonym for target

treeNavigator

the tree navigator object controlling the target node

Registering event handlers

Event handlers can be registered in several ways:

additional attributes on node elements

  <div class="TN_node" TN:onOpen="handleOpen(this, treeNavigator)">

The additional attribute is the event name, prefixed by the constant TN:on; so in the example above, a hander is registered for event Open.

The string containing handler code is evaluated in a context where some special variables are predefined:

targetNode

the node element

this

the node element (synonym for targetNode)

treeNavigator

the tree navigator object

event

an event structure as described above

If the string just contains the name of a handler function (i.e. without the parentheses), then that function will be called with a single argument, namely the event structure described above. Therefore

  <div class="TN_node" TN:onOpen="handleOpen">

is equivalent to

  <div class="TN_node" TN:onOpen="handleOpen(event)">

additional attributes on the tree element

  <div id="theTree" TN:onOpen="handleOpen(targetNode, this)">

Handlers can be registered on the tree element, exactly like for node elements. The only difference is that this is then bound to the tree element instead of the target node.

additional properties on the tree navigator object

  var treeNavigator = new Tree.Navigator('myTree', {onOpen: myOpenHandler});
  treeNavigator.onClose = function(event){doSomethingWith(event.target)};

Handlers can be inserted as properties on the tree navigator object, either through options to the constructor, or later on through ordinary property assignments. These properties start with the constant on followed by the event name, but without the TN: prefix. Handlers are called with a single argument, namely the event structure described above.

Dynamic tree expansion

  treeNavigator.initSubTree(subtree);

Whenever a subtree was added programmatically into the tree, this method should be called in order to install the navigation buttons, mouse event handlers and tabbing behaviour. The initSubTree method expects to find at least one TN_label element within the subtree.

This method is called automatically when a subtree is dynamically fetched through the TN:contentURL property.

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