Daniel P. Berrangé > Net-DBus-1.0.0 > Net::DBus::Object

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NAME ^

Net::DBus::Object - Provide objects to the bus for clients to use

SYNOPSIS ^

  # Connecting an object to the bus, under a service
  package main;

  use Net::DBus;

  # Attach to the bus
  my $bus = Net::DBus->find;

  # Acquire a service 'org.demo.Hello'
  my $service = $bus->export_service("org.demo.Hello");

  # Export our object within the service
  my $object = Demo::HelloWorld->new($service);

  ....rest of program...

  # Define a new package for the object we're going
  # to export
  package Demo::HelloWorld;

  # Specify the main interface provided by our object
  use Net::DBus::Exporter qw(org.example.demo.Greeter);

  # We're going to be a DBus object
  use base qw(Net::DBus::Object);

  # Export a 'Greeting' signal taking a stringl string parameter
  dbus_signal("Greeting", ["string"]);

  # Export 'Hello' as a method accepting a single string
  # parameter, and returning a single string value
  dbus_method("Hello", ["string"], ["string"]);

  sub new {
      my $class = shift;
      my $service = shift;
      my $self = $class->SUPER::new($service, "/org/demo/HelloWorld");

      bless $self, $class;

      return $self;
  }

  sub Hello {
    my $self = shift;
    my $name = shift;

    $self->emit_signal("Greeting", "Hello $name");
    return "Said hello to $name";
  }

  # Export 'Goodbye' as a method accepting a single string
  # parameter, and returning a single string, but put it
  # in the 'org.exaple.demo.Farewell' interface

  dbus_method("Goodbye", ["string"], ["string"], "org.example.demo.Farewell");

  sub Goodbye {
    my $self = shift;
    my $name = shift;

    $self->emit_signal("Greeting", "Goodbye $name");
    return "Said goodbye to $name";
  }

DESCRIPTION ^

This the base of all objects which are exported to the message bus. It provides the core support for type introspection required for objects exported to the message. When sub-classing this object, methods can be created & tested as per normal Perl modules. Then just as the Exporter module is used to export methods within a script, the Net::DBus::Exporter module is used to export methods (and signals) to the message bus.

All packages inheriting from this, will automatically have the interface org.freedesktop.DBus.Introspectable registered with Net::DBus::Exporter, and the Introspect method within this exported.

METHODS ^

my $object = Net::DBus::Object->new($service, $path)

This creates a new DBus object with an path of $path registered within the service $service. The $path parameter should be a string complying with the usual DBus requirements for object paths, while the $service parameter should be an instance of Net::DBus::Service. The latter is typically obtained by calling the export_service method on the Net::DBus object.

my $object = Net::DBus::Object->new($parentobj, $subpath)

This creates a new DBus child object with an path of $subpath relative to its parent $parentobj. The $subpath parameter should be a string complying with the usual DBus requirements for object paths, while the $parentobj parameter should be an instance of Net::DBus::Object.

$object->disconnect();

This method disconnects the object from the bus, such that it will no longer receive messages sent by other clients. Any child objects will be recursively disconnected too. After an object has been disconnected, it is possible for Perl to garbage collect the object instance. It will also make it possible to connect a newly created object to the same path.

my $bool = $object->is_connected

Returns a true value if the object is connected to the bus, and thus capable of being accessed by remote clients. Returns false if the object is disconnected & thus ready for garbage collection. All objects start off in the connected state, and will only transition if the disconnect method is called.

my $service = $object->get_service

Retrieves the Net::DBus::Service object within which this object is exported.

my $path = $object->get_object_path

Retrieves the path under which this object is exported

$object->emit_signal_in($name, $interface, $client, @args);

Emits a signal from the object, with a name of $name. If the $interface parameter is defined, the signal will be scoped within that interface. If the $client parameter is defined, the signal will be unicast to that client on the bus. The signal and the data types of the arguments @args must have been registered with Net::DBus::Exporter by calling the dbus_signal method.

$self->emit_signal_to($name, $client, @args);

Emits a signal from the object, with a name of $name. The signal and the data types of the arguments @args must have been registered with Net::DBus::Exporter by calling the dbus_signal method. The signal will be sent only to the client named by the $client parameter.

$self->emit_signal($name, @args);

Emits a signal from the object, with a name of $name. The signal and the data types of the arguments @args must have been registered with Net::DBus::Exporter by calling the dbus_signal method. The signal will be broadcast to all clients on the bus.

$object->connect_to_signal_in($name, $interface, $coderef);

Connects a callback to a signal emitted by the object. The $name parameter is the name of the signal within the object, and $coderef is a reference to an anonymous subroutine. When the signal $name is emitted by the remote object, the subroutine $coderef will be invoked, and passed the parameters from the signal. The $interface parameter is used to specify the explicit interface defining the signal to connect to.

$object->connect_to_signal($name, $coderef);

Connects a callback to a signal emitted by the object. The $name parameter is the name of the signal within the object, and $coderef is a reference to an anonymous subroutine. When the signal $name is emitted by the remote object, the subroutine $coderef will be invoked, and passed the parameters from the signal.

AUTHOR ^

Daniel P. Berrange

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (C) 2005-2011 Daniel P. Berrange

SEE ALSO ^

Net::DBus, Net::DBus::Service, Net::DBus::RemoteObject, Net::DBus::Exporter.

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