Danny Brian > XML-SimpleObject-0.53 > XML::SimpleObject

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Module Version: 0.53   Source  

NAME ^

XML::SimpleObject - Perl extension allowing a simple object representation of a parsed XML::Parser tree.

SYNOPSIS ^

  use XML::SimpleObject;

  # Construct with the key/value pairs as argument; this will create its 
  # own XML::Parser object.
  my $xmlobj = new XML::SimpleObject(XML => $XML, ErrorContext => 2);

  # ... or construct with the parsed tree as the only argument, having to 
  # create the XML::Parser object separately.
  my $parser = new XML::Parser (ErrorContext => 2, Style => "Tree");
  my $xmlobj = new XML::SimpleObject ($parser->parse($XML));

  my $filesobj = $xmlobj->child("files")->child("file");

  $filesobj->name;
  $filesobj->value;
  $filesobj->attribute("type");
  
  %attributes    = $filesobj->attributes;
  @children      = $filesobj->children;
  @some_children = $filesobj->children("some");
  @chilren_names = $filesobj->children_names;

DESCRIPTION ^

This is a short and simple class allowing simple object access to a parsed XML::Parser tree, with methods for fetching children and attributes in as clean a manner as possible. My apologies for further polluting the XML:: space; this is a small and quick module, with easy and compact usage. See XML::SimpleObject::LibXML for the same interface for XML::LibXML.

USAGE ^

$xmlobj = new XML::SimpleObject($parser->parse($XML))

$parser is an XML::Parser object created with Style "Tree":

    my $parser = new XML::Parser (ErrorContext => 2, Style => "Tree");

After creating $xmlobj, this object can now be used to browse the XML tree with the following methods.

$xmlobj->child('NAME')

This will return a new XML::SimpleObject object using the child element NAME.

$xmlobj->children('NAME')

Called with an argument NAME, children() will return an array of XML::SimpleObject objects of element NAME. Thus, if $xmlobj represents the top-level XML element, 'children' will return an array of all elements directly below the top-level that have the element name NAME.

$xmlobj->children

Called without arguments, 'children()' will return an array of XML::SimpleObject s for all children elements of $xmlobj. These are not in the order they occur in the XML document.

$xmlobj->children_names

This will return an array of all the names of child elements for $xmlobj. You can use this to step through all the children of a given element (see EXAMPLES). Each name will occur only once, even if multiple children exist with that name.

$xmlobj->value

If the element represented by $xmlobj contains any PCDATA, this method will return that text data.

$xmlobj->attribute('NAME')

This returns the text for an attribute NAME of the XML element represented by $xmlobj.

$xmlobj->attributes

This returns a hash of key/value pairs for all elements in element $xmlobj.

EXAMPLES ^

Given this XML document:

  <files>
    <file type="symlink">
      <name>/etc/dosemu.conf</name>
      <dest>dosemu.conf-drdos703.eval</dest>
    </file>
    <file>
      <name>/etc/passwd</name>
      <bytes>948</bytes>
    </file>
  </files>

You can then interpret the tree as follows:

  my $parser = new XML::Parser (ErrorContext => 2, Style => "Tree");
  my $xmlobj = new XML::SimpleObject ($parser->parse($XML));

  print "Files: \n";
  foreach my $element ($xmlobj->child("files")->children("file"))
  {
    print "  filename: " . $element->child("name")->value . "\n";
    if ($element->attribute("type"))
    {
      print "    type: " . $element->attribute("type") . "\n";
    }
    print "    bytes: " . $element->child("bytes")->value . "\n";
  }  

This will output:

  Files:
    filename: /etc/dosemu.conf
      type: symlink
      bytes: 20
    filename: /etc/passwd
      bytes: 948

You can use 'children()' without arguments to step through all children of a given element:

  my $filesobj = $xmlobj->child("files")->child("file");
  foreach my $child ($filesobj->children) {
    print "child: ", $child->name, ": ", $child->value, "\n";
  }

For the tree above, this will output:

  child: bytes: 20
  child: dest: dosemu.conf-drdos703.eval
  child: name: /etc/dosemu.conf

Using 'children_names()', you can step through all children for a given element:

  my $filesobj = $xmlobj->child("files");
  foreach my $childname ($filesobj->children_names) {
      print "$childname has children: ";
      print join (", ", $filesobj->child($childname)->children_names), "\n";
  }

This will print:

    file has children: bytes, dest, name

By always using 'children()', you can step through each child object, retrieving them with 'child()'.

AUTHOR ^

Dan Brian <dbrian@brians.org>

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1), XML::Parser.

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