David Cantrell > Number-Phone-2.0 > Number::Phone



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Module Version: 2.0   Source   Latest Release: Number-Phone-3.0006


Number::Phone - base class for Number::Phone::* modules


In a sub-class ...

    package Number::Phone::UK;
    use base 'Number::Phone';

and to magically use the right subclass ...

    use Number::Phone;

    $daves_phone = Number::Phone->new('+442087712924');
    $daves_other_phone = Number::Phone->new('+44 7979 866 975');
    # alternatively      Number::Phone->new('+44', '7979 866 975');
    # or                 Number::Phone->new('UK', '07979 866 975');

    if($daves_phone->is_mobile()) {

in the example, the +44 is recognised as the country code for the UK, so the appropriate country-specific module is loaded if available.

If you pass in a bogus country code not recognised by Number::Phone::Country, the constructor will return undef.

If you pass in a country code for which no supporting module is available, the constructor will try to use a 'stub' class under Number::Phone::StubCountry::* that uses data automatically extracted from Google's libphonenumber project. libphonenumber doesn't have enough data to support all the features of Number::Phone, and this is an experimental feature. If you want to disable this, then pass 'nostubs' when you use the module:

    use Number::Phone qw(nostubs);


All Number::Phone classes should implement the following methods, as object methods. Note that in previous versions these were also required to work as class methods and could also work as subroutines. That was a bad design decision and is deprecated. Number::Phone will spit warnings if you try that now, and support will be removed in the future.

Those methods whose names begin is_ should return the following values:


The truth or falsehood can not be determined;

0 (zero)

False - eg, is_personal() might return 0 for a number that is assigned to a government department.

1 (one)


The is_* methods are:


The number is valid within the national numbering scheme. It may or may not yet be allocated, or it may be reserved. Any number which returns true for any of the following methods will also be valid.


The number has been allocated to a telco for use. It may or may not yet be in use or may be reserved.


The number has been assigned to a customer or is in use by the telco for its own purposes.


The number refers to a geographic area.


The number, when in use, can only refer to a fixed line.


The number, when in use, can only refer to a mobile phone.


The number, when in use, can only refer to a pager.


The number, when in use, can only refer to a VoIP service.


The number, when in use, can only refer to an ISDN service.


Callers will not be charged for calls to this number under normal circumstances.


The number, when in use, attracts special rates. For instance, national dialling at local rates, or premium rates for services.


The number, when in use, goes to a service of an adult nature, such as porn.


The number, when in use, goes to an individual person.


The number, when in use, goes to a business.


The number, when in use, goes to a government department. Note that the emergency services are considered to be a network service so should *not* return true for this method.


The number is charged like a domestic number (including toll-free or special rate), but actually terminates in a different country. This covers the special dialling arrangements between Spain and Gibraltar, and between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, as well as services such as the various "Country Direct"-a-likes. See also the country() method.


The number is some kind of network service such as the operator, directory enquiries, emergency services etc

Other methods are as follows. Some of them may return undef if the result is unknown or not applicable:


The numeric code for this country. eg, 44 for the UK. Note that there is *no* + sign.


Returns some text in an appropriate character set saying who the telecoms regulator is, with optional details such as their web site or phone number.


Return the area code - if applicable - for the number. If not applicable, returns undef.


Return the name for the area code - if applicable. If not applicable, returns undef. For instance, for a number beginning +44 20 it would return 'London'. Note that this may return data in non-ASCII character sets.


This returns an approximate geographic location for the number if possible. Obviously this only applies to fixed lines! The data returned is, if defined, a reference to an array containing two elements, latitude and longitude, in degrees. North of the equator and East of Greenwich are positive. You may optionally return a third element indicating how confident you are of the location. Specify this as a number in kilometers indicating the radius of the error circle.


Return the subscriber part of the number


Return the name of the telco operating this number, in an appropriate character set and with optional details such as their web site or phone number.


Return a listref of all the is_... methods above which are true. Note that this method should only be implemented in the super-class. eg, for the number +44 20 87712924 this might return [qw(valid allocated geographic)].


Return a sanely formatted version of the number, complete with IDD code, eg for the UK number (0208) 771-2924 it would return +44 20 8771 2924.


The two letter ISO country code for the country in which the call will terminate. This is implemented in the superclass and you will only have to implement your own version for countries where part of the number range is overlayed with another country.

Exception: for the UK, return 'uk', not 'gb'.

Specifically, the superclass implementation looks at the class name and returns the last two-letter code it finds. eg ...

  from Number::Phone::UK, it would return DE
  from Number::Phone::UK::IM, it would return IM
  from Number::Phone::NANP::US, it would return US
  from Number::Phone::FR::Full, it would return FR

If the number forwards to another number (such as a special rate number forwarding to a geographic number), or is part of a chunk of number-space mapped onto another chunk of number-space (such as where a country has a shortcut to (part of) another country's number-space, like how Gibraltar used to appear as an area code in Spain's numbering plan as well as having its own country code), then this method may return an object representing the target number. Otherwise it returns undef.

Finally, there is a constructor:


Can be called with either one or two parameters. The *first* is an optional country code (see the country() method). The other is a phone number. If a country code is specified, and a subclass for that country is available, the phone number is passed to its constructor unchanged.

If only one parameter is passed, then we try to figure out which is the right country subclass to use by pre-pending a + sign to the number if there isn't one, and looking the country up using Number::Phone::Country. That gives us a two letter country code that is used to try to load the right module.

The constructor returns undef if it can not figure out what country you're talking about, or an object based on Google's libphonenumber data if there's no complete country-specific module available.


Sub-classes should implement methods as above, including a new() constructor. The constructor should take a single parameter, a phone number, and should validate that. If the number is valid (use your is_valid() method!) then you can return a blessed object. Otherwise you should return undef.

The constructor *must* be capable of accepting a number with the + sign and the country's numeric code attached, but should also accept numbers in the preferred local format (eg 01234 567890 in the UK, which is the same number as +44 1234 567890) so that users can go straight to your class without going through Number::Phone's magic country detector.

Subclasses' names should be Number::Phone::XX, where XX is the two letter ISO code for the country, in upper case. So, for example, France would be FR and Ireland would be IE. As usual, the UK is an exception, using UK instead of the ISO-mandated GB. NANP countries are also an exception, going like Number::Phone::NANP::XX.


Please report bugs by email or using http://rt.cpan.org, including, if possible, a test case.

I welcome feedback from users.


http://code.google.com/p/libphonenumber/, a similar project for Java, C++ and Javascript




Copyright 2004 - 2012 David Cantrell <david@cantrell.org.uk>

This software is free-as-in-speech software, and may be used, distributed, and modified under the terms of either the GNU General Public Licence version 2 or the Artistic Licence. It's up to you which one you use. The full text of the licences can be found in the files GPL2.txt and ARTISTIC.txt, respectively.

Some files are under the Apache licence, a copy of which can be found in the file Apache-2.0.txt.


This module is also free-as-in-mason software.

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