Damian Conway > Running-Commentary-0.000004 > Running::Commentary

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Module Version: 0.000004   Source   Latest Release: Running-Commentary-0.000005

NAME ^

Running::Commentary - call system cleanly, with tracking messages

VERSION ^

This document describes Running::Commentary version 0.000004

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Running::Commentary;

    # Set a lexically scoped flag for all subsequent calls...
    # (No announcements, if this flag set)
    run_with -nomessage if !$verbose;

    # Act like system(), only louder and cleaner...
    run 'Resetting' => "rm -rf '$ROOT_DIR'"
        or die "Couldn't reset";

    # Act like system(), but croak() if the command fails...
    run -critical, 'Building Makefile' => 'perl Makefile.PL';

    # Calls to run() may be nested, to allow subtasks to be tracked...
    run 'Running tests'
        => sub {
            for my $file (@profiled_files) {
                push @profiles, "$NAMING_ROOT/$file.out";
                local $ENV{NYTPROF} = "file=$profiles[-1]";

                run -nooutput, "Testing $file"
                    => "perl -d:NYTProf $profiled_path/$file >& /dev/null";
            }
    };

DESCRIPTION ^

This module provides a single subroutine: run() which is designed to be a more informative and less error-prone replacement for the built-in system().

It also provides a compile-time keyword: run_with with which you can set lexically scoped default options for run().

INTERFACE ^

run $MESSAGE => $SYSTEM_CMD;

This acts like system $SYSTEM_CMD, except that it returns true on success and false on failure, and it announces what it's doing. For example:

    run 'Resetting directories' => "rm -rf @STD_DIRS"

...would first output:

    Resetting directories...

...then execute the system command, and finish the message:

    Resetting directories...done

If the command failed for some reason, the completion would reflect the problem:

    Resetting directories...
    rm: tets: No such file or directory
    Resetting directories...exited with value 1

Or:

    Resetting directories...failed to execute: No such file or directory
run $MESSAGE => sub {...};

This form of the command expects a subroutine reference, rather than a string, as its second argument. Once again it prints the tracking message, then executes the subroutine, then prints the outcome.

The subroutine is run inside an eval block, so any exceptions it throws are intercepted, and reported as the outcome at the end of the tracking message. To have exceptions inside the subroutine propagate back out of the call to run(), use the -critical option (see below).

For example:

    run 'Printing your data' => sub {
        for my $datum (@data) {
            say "    $datum->{key}: $datum->{value}";
        }
    }

Would output:

    Printing your data...
        Name: Fred
        Age: 28
        Score: 87
    Printing your data...done

You can also nest calls to run() using this form. For example:

    run 'Running your request' => sub {
        for my $cmd (split /\n/, $request) {
            run "Running '$cmd'" => $cmd;
        }
    }

Would produce:

    Running your request...
        Running 'rm source'...done
        Running 'rebuild_files'...done
        Running 'make test'.......done
    Running your request...done
run $SYSTEM_CMD;
run sub {...};

When called without a message, run() simply executes the system command or subroutine without printing any kind of progress message. In other words, it merely acts as a (quietly) better system().

run_with @OPTIONS;

The run_with keyword can be called with any of the options available to run() (see "OPTIONS"). It takes the options given to it and makes them the default arguments to run() for the remainder of the current lexical scope.

For example, to cause any subsequent failed command to throw an exception...

    {
        run_with -critical;

        run "loading"     => $LOAD_CMD;
        run "checking"    => $CHECK_CMD;
        run "installing"  => $INSTALL_CMD;
        run "cleaning up" => $CLEANUP_CMD;
    }

...or to silence message printing on request:

    {
        run_with -nomessage if $opt{-quiet};

        run "loading"     => $LOAD_CMD;
        run "checking"    => $CHECK_CMD;
        run "installing"  => $INSTALL_CMD;
        run "cleaning up" => $CLEANUP_CMD;
    }

Note that run_with is a compile-time keyword, not a subroutine, so it should only be called as a statement (i.e. in void context).

OPTIONS ^

The following options can be included anywhere in the argument list of a call to run() or run_with.

-nomessage

Run the command without printing the tracking message. Normally used as a conditional lexical option:

    run_with -nomessage if $opt{quiet};

The output of the actual system command is still printed (unless -nooutput or -silent is also specified)

-showmessage

Run the command, printing the tracking message. Useful to turn message printing back on inside a scope where -nomessage is already in effect.

-nooutput

Run the command without echoing any of its output. The tracking message is still printed (unless -nomessage or -silent is also specified)

-showoutput

Run the command, echoing any output. Useful to turn command echoing back on inside a scope where -nooutput is already in effect.

-silent

Identical to: -nomessage, -nooutput

-showall

Identical to: -showmessage, -showoutput. Useful to override -silent in a nested scope.

-critical

Normally, if a call to run() fails, it simply returns undef. However, if the -critical option is specified, any call to run that fails will immediately throw an exception.

-nocritical

Revert run() to returning undef on failure. Useful to override -critical in a nested scope.

-dry

Instead of executing the specified system command, just print it out. Useful for dry runs during development and testing.

-colour => \%COLOUR_SPEC

Specify the colours to be used for messages and output. Colours are specified as the values of the hash, with the keys indicating what purpose each colour is to be used for. For example:

    run_with -colour => {
        MESSAGE => 'white',          # Colour for tracking messages
        DONE    => 'bold cyan',      # Colour for success messages
        FAILED  => 'yellow on_red',  # Colour for failure messages
        OUTPUT  => 'clear'           # Colour for command output
    };

The colour specifications must be single strings, which are split on whitespace and then passed to the Term::ANSIColor module. If that module is not available, this option is silently ignored.

This option may also be spelled -color.

-nocolour

Print all messages and output without any special colours.

This option may also be spelled -nocolor.

ERROR HANDLING ^

On failure run() normally either returns undef or throws an exception (if -critical is specified).

However, Running::Commentary incorporates the Lexical::Failure module, so you can also request other failure responses for any particular scope, by passing a named argument when loading the module:

    # Report errors by confess()-ing...
    use Running::Commentary  fail => 'confess';

    # Report errors by returning a failure object...
    use Running::Commentary  fail => 'failobj';

    # Report errors by setting a flag variable...
    use Running::Commentary  fail => \$error;

    # Report errors by calling a subroutine...
    use Running::Commentary  fail => \&error_handler;

For details of the available options, see the documentation of Lexical::Failure.

DIAGNOSTICS ^

Bad argument to 'use Running::Commentary'

The module accepts only one named argument:

    use Running::Commentary  'fail' => $fail_mode;

(see "ERROR HANDLING").

You apparently passed it something else. Or perhaps misspelt 'fail'?

Useless call to run() with no command

run() expects at least one argument (apart from any configuration options); namely, something to execute. That can be either a string containing a system command, or else a subroutine reference.

You didn't give it either of those, so the call to run() was superfluous.

Or, possibly, you wanted run_with instead.

CONFIGURATION AND ENVIRONMENT ^

Running::Commentary requires no configuration files or environment variables.

DEPENDENCIES ^

This module requires Perl v5.14 or later.

It also requires the modules: Lexical::Failure, Keyword::Simple, and PadWalker.

INCOMPATIBILITIES ^

None reported.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

No bugs have been reported.

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-running-commentary@rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org.

AUTHOR ^

Damian Conway <DCONWAY@CPAN.org>

LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2012, Damian Conway <DCONWAY@CPAN.org>. All rights reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See perlartistic.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY ^

BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENCE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

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