Donald King > BBCode-Parser-0.34 > BBCode::Parser

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Module Version: 0.34   Source  

NAME ^

BBCode::Parser - Parses BBCode tags

DESCRIPTION ^

BBCode is a simplified markup language used in several online forums and bulletin boards. It originated with phpBB, and remains most popular among applications written in PHP. Generally, users author their posts in BBCode, and the forum converts it to a permitted subset of well-formed HTML.

BBCode::Parser is a proper recursive parser for BBCode-formatted text.

OVERVIEW ^

A BBCode::Parser object stores various settings that affect the parsing process. Simple settings are typically set when the parser is created using new(), but they can be queried using get() and altered using set().

See "SETTINGS" for more information.

In addition to the simple settings, specific BBCode tags (or classes of tags) can be permitted or forbidden, using permit() and forbid() respectively. By default, the only forbidden tag is [HTML], which is normally a security violation if permitted.

See "CLASSES" for a list of tag classes.

Once the parser has been configured appropriately, parse trees can be created using the parse() method. The parse tree will consist of objects derived from BBCode::Tag; the root of the tree will be a BBCode::Body object.

Converting the parse tree to HTML is quite simple: call toHTML() on the root of the tree. Likewise, the parse tree can be converted back to BBCode by calling toBBCode(). See "METHODS" in BBCode::Tag to find out what other output methods are available.

SETTINGS ^

The following settings can be manipulated using get() and set().

css_prefix

(Type: String; Default: "bbcode-")

Many BBCode tags will add CSS classes as style hooks in the output HTML, such as <div class="bbcode-quote">...</div>. This setting allows you to override the naming scheme for those hooks. At the moment, more direct control of the CSS class names is not available.

css_direct_styles

(Type: Boolean; Default: FALSE)

Certain style-related BBCode tags, such as [U] (underline) and [S] (strike-through) don't have a direct equivalent in modern XHTML 1.0 Strict. If this value is TRUE, then the generated HTML will use a style attribute on a <span> tag to simulate the effects. If this value is FALSE, then the style attribute will be omitted. In either case, a class attribute is provided for use as a hook by external CSS stylesheets (not provided).

follow_links

(Type: Boolean; Default: FALSE)

To prevent blog spam and the like, many search engines now allow HTML authors to indicate that specific URLs on a page should not be indexed. If this value is TRUE, then there will be nothing special about the URL (meaning that search engines are encouraged to follow the link). If this value is FALSE, then a rel="nofollow" attribute will be added wherever it makes sense (warning search engines that the link might be spam).

Whether or not to set this value to TRUE will depend on what you're using BBCode::Parser for. If you're implementing a forum or bulletin board, TRUE might be reserved for senior, more trusted members. If you're implementing a blog, the value might be TRUE for the blog owner but FALSE for visitors.

For more information, see http://www.google.com/webmasters/bot.html#www.

(If you turn this setting on, follow_override behaves as if it were on as well. That way, users can explicitly mark links with FOLLOW=0 if necessary.)

follow_override

(Type: Boolean; Default: FALSE)

This BBCode implementation allows a user to override follow_links using a BBCode extension, the FOLLOW parameter. If this value is TRUE, the user can override follow_links with FOLLOW=1; otherwise, the user must abide by follow_links.

(However, a user can always specify FOLLOW=0 regardless of this setting. If the user posting the link doesn't think the link is trustworthy, it's obviously not trustworthy.)

The same considerations that apply to follow_links also apply to this setting.

newwindow_links

(Type: Boolean; Default: FALSE)

For reasons largely having to do with site aesthetics, some site owners prefer for external links to each open in a new window using <a target="_blank">. For reasons largely having to do with browsing experience, some users prefer to summarily execute the aforementioned site owners in the most painful manner available. If you turn this option on, you will anger and frustrate people who suddenly find that their back buttons and/or tabs don't work right when they visit your site. Please take due consideration of that before setting this option to a TRUE value and taking choices away from the people reading your website.

newwindow_override

(Type: Boolean; Default: FALSE)

This BBCode implementation allows a user to override newwindow_links using a BBCode extension, the NEWWINDOW parameter. If this value is TRUE, the user can force the link to open in the same window with NEWWINDOW=0, or force the link to open in a new window with NEWWINDOW=1. If this value is FALSE, the user has no say whatsoever.

The same considerations that apply to newwindow_links also apply to this setting, but in drastically reduced form. If you feel the need to open links in new windows, please do it by turning this setting on and leaving newwindow_links off.

allow_image_bullets

(Type: Boolean; Default: TRUE)

This setting allows you to restrict users from creating lists with custom bullets.

CLASSES ^

BLOCK

Tags with the BLOCK class are those that translate into block-level elements in HTML, e.g. [QUOTE], which becomes <blockquote>. They represent blocks of content that stand alone from other blocks, often with vertical padding to separate them visually.

In general, BLOCK tags are not allowed inside INLINE tags.

INLINE

Tags with the INLINE class are those that translate into inline elements in HTML, e.g. [URL], which becomes <a>. They represent content that's still part of the current flow of text, not the start of a new block.

LINK

Tags with the LINK class are hyperlinks to external resources. At the moment, the two tags with the LINK class are [URL] and [EMAIL].

TEXT

Tags with the TEXT class are plain text. At the moment, the three tags with the TEXT class are [TEXT], [ENT], and [BR].

METHODS ^

DEFAULT

        my $tree = BBCode::Parser->DEFAULT->parse($code);

DEFAULT returns the default parser. If you change the default parser, all future parsers created with new() will incorporate your changes. However, all existing parsers will be unaffected.

clone

        my $parser = BBCode::Parser->new(follow_links => 1);
        my $clone = $parser->clone;
        $clone->forbid('IMG');
        printf "[IMG] is%s OK\n", ($parser->isPermitted('IMG') ? "" : " not");
        # Prints "[IMG] is OK", since forbid('IMG') applies only to the clone.

clone creates a new parser that copies the settings of an existing parser. After cloning, the two parsers are completely independent; changing settings in one does not affect the other.

If any arguments are given, they are handed off to the set() method.

new

        my $parser = BBCode::Parser->new(%args);

new creates a new BBCode::Parser. Any arguments are handed off to the set() method.

get

        if($parser->get('follow_override')) {
                # [URL FOLLOW] permitted
        } else {
                # [URL FOLLOW] forbidden
        }

get fetches the current settings for the given parser. See "SETTINGS" for a list of available settings.

set

        $parser->set(follow_override => 1);

set alters the settings for the given parser. See "SETTINGS" for a list of available settings.

addTag

TODO: Implement and document

permit

        $parser->permit(qw(:INLINE !:LINK));

permit adds TAGs and :CLASSes to the list of permitted tags. Use '!' in front of a tag or class to negate the meaning.

forbid

        $parser->forbid(qw(:ALL !:TEXT));

forbid adds TAGs and :CLASSes to the list of forbidden tags. Use '!' in front of a tag or class to negate the meaning.

isPermitted

        if($parser->isPermitted('IMG')) {
                # Yay, [IMG] tags
        } else {
                # Darn, no [IMG] tags
        }

isPermitted checks if a tag is permitted by the current settings.

parse

        my $tree = $parser->parse('[b]BBCode[/b] text.');

parse creates a parse tree for the given BBCode. The result is a tree of BBCode::Tag objects. The most common use of the parse tree is to convert it to HTML using BBCode::Tag->toHTML():

        my $html = $tree->toHTML;

SEE ALSO ^

BBCode::Tag

svn://chronos-tachyon.net/projects/BBCode-Parser

AUTHOR ^

Donald King <dlking@cpan.org>

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