Daisuke Maki > Text-MeCab-0.20013 > Text::MeCab

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Module Version: 0.20013   Source   Latest Release: Text-MeCab-0.20016

NAME ^

Text::MeCab - Alternate Interface To libmecab

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Text::MeCab;
  my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new({
    rcfile             => $rcfile,
    dicdir             => $dicdir,
    userdic            => $userdic,
    lattice_level      => $lattice_level,
    all_morphs         => $all_morphs,
    output_format_type => $output_format_type,
    partial            => $partial,
    node_format        => $node_format,
    unk_format         => $unk_format,
    bos_format         => $bos_format,
    eos_format         => $eos_format,
    input_buffer_size  => $input_buffer_size,
    allocate_sentence  => $allocate_sentence,
    nbest              => $nbest,
    theta              => $theta,
  });

  for (my $node = $mecab->parse($text); $node; $node = $node->next) {
     # See perdoc for Text::MeCab::Node for list of methods
     print $node->surface, "\n";
  }

  # use constants
  use Text::MeCab qw(:all);
  use Text::MeCab qw(MECAB_NOR_NODE);

  # check what mecab version we compiled against?
  print "Compiled with ", &Text::MeCab::MECAB_VERSION, "\n";

DESCRIPTION ^

libmecab (http://mecab.sourceforge.ne.jp) already has a perl interface built with it, so why a new module? I just feel that while a subtle difference, making the perl interface through a tied hash is just... weird.

So Text::MeCab gives you a more natural, Perl-ish way to access libmecab!

WARNING: Version 0.20000 has only been tested against libmecab 0.96.

Text::MeCab AND FORMATS ^

mecab allows users to specify an output format, via --*-format options. These are respected ONLY if you use the format() method:

  my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new({
    output_format_type => "user",
    node_format => "%m %pn"
  });

  for(my $node = $mecab->parse($text); $node; $node = $node->next) {
    print $node->format($mecab);
  }

Note that you also need to set the output_format_type parameter as well.

Text::MeCab AND SCOPING ^

[NOTE: The memory management issue has been changed since 0.09]

libmecab's default behavior is such that when you analyze a text and get a node back, that node is tied to the mecab "tagger" object that performed the analysis. Therefore, when that tagger is destroyed via mecab_destroy(), all nodes that are associated to it are freed as well.

Text::MeCab defaults to the same behavior, so the following won't work:

  sub get_mecab_node {
     my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new;
     my $node  = $mecab->parse($_[0]);
     return $node;
  }

  my $node = get_mecab_node($text);

By the time get_mecab_node() returns, the Text::MeCab object is DESTROY'ed, and so is $node (actually, the object exists, but it will complain when you try to access the node's internals, because the C struct that was there has already been freed).

In such cases, use the dclone() method. This will copy the *entire* node structure and create a new Text::MeCab::Node::Cloned instance.

  sub get_mecab_node {
     my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new;
     my $node  = $mecab->parse($_[0]);
     return $node->dclone();
  }

The returned Text::MeCab::Node::Cloned object is exactly the same as Text::MeCab::Node object on the surface. It just uses a different but very similar C struct underneath. It is blessed into a different namespace only because we need to use a different memory management strategy.

Do be aware of the memory issue. You WILL use up twice as much memory.

Also please note that if you try the first example, accessing the node *WILL* result in a segfault. This is *NOT* a bug: it's a feature :) While it is possible to control the memory management such that accessing a field in a node that has already expired results in a legal croak(), we do not go to the length to ensure this, because it will result in a performance penalty.

Just remember that unless you dclone() a node, then you are NOT allowed to access it when the original tagger goes out scope:

   {
       my $mecab = Text::MeCab->new;
       $node = $mecab->parse(...);
   }

   $node->surface; # segfault!!!!

Always remember to dclone() before doing this!

PERFORMANCE ^

Belows is the result of running tools/benchmark.pl on my PowerBook:

  daisuke@beefcake Text-MeCab$ perl tools/benchmark.pl 
               Rate      mecab text_mecab
  mecab      5.53/s         --       -63%
  text_mecab 14.9/s       170%         --

METHODS ^

new HASHREF | LIST

Creates a new Text::MeCab instance.

You can either specify a hashref and use named parameters, or you can use the exact command line arguments that the mecab command accepts.

Below is the list of accepted named options. See the man page for mecab for details about each option.

rcfile
dicdir
lattice_level
all_morphs
output_format_type
partial
node_format
unk_format
bos_format
eos_format
input_buffer_size
allocate_sentence
nbest
theta

parse SCALAR

Parses the given text via mecab, and returns a Text::MeCab::Node object.

ENCODING

  my $encoding = Text::MeCab::ENCODING

Returns the encoding of the underlying mecab library that was detected at compile time.

MECAB_VERSION

The version number from libmecab's mecab_version()

MECAB_TARGET_VERSION

MECAB_TARGET_MAJOR_VERSION

MECAB_TARGET_MINOR_VERSION

The version number detected at compile time of Text::MeCab.

MECAB_BOS_NODE

MECAB_EON_NODE

MECAB_EOS_NODE

MECAB_NOR_NODE

MECAB_SYS_DIC

MECAB_UNK_DIC

MECAB_UNK_NODE

MECAB_USR_DIC

MECAB_CONFIG

Path to mecab-config, if available.

SEE ALSO ^

http://mecab.sourceforge.ne.jp

LICENSE ^

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

AUTHOR ^

Copyright (c) 2006-2011 Daisuke Maki <daisuke@endeworks.jp> All rights reserved.

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