Dongxu Ma > Parse-QTEDI-0.20.1 > Parse::QTEDI

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Module Version: 0.19   Source  

NAME ^

Parse::QTEDI - Parse QT/KDE preprocessed headers

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Parse::QTEDI qw($parser);
  defined $parser->begin($in) or warn "parse failed";

COMMANDLINE USAGE ^

  $cp header.h header.h.bak                                 # backup
  $sed -i -e 's/#include/ d' -e 's/#error/ d' header.h      # strip
  $gcc -E -imacros config.h -DBLAH_BLAH header.h > header.i # pre-process
  $parse_qtedi_header header.i > production.qtedi           # parse
  # optional 
  # format into a binding-make-specific spec
  $format_qtedi_production production.qtedi > formatted.txt # format

DESCRIPTION ^

Parse QT/KDE preprocessed headers to generate interface information.

WHAT IS INPUT ^

input stream should be the output of a preprocessor like `gcc -E -DBLAH_BLAH'.

NOTE: Normally one should strip #include and #error directives before invoking preprocessor, or else preprocessor will expand all include directives encountered and croak on error progma.

WHAT IS OUTPUT ^

YAML-ish output to STDOUT; debug info to STDERR if $DEBUG defined.

WHY IS PREPROCESSED ^

To solve macro, basically. There are both arch-specific and feature-specific macros. One should decide which feature-specific ones to enable. Besides, modern libtool normally records compile-time commandline options for later reference.

HOW TO DEBUG ^

Defining $Parse::QTEDI::DEBUG to true will enable parse-level debug information to STDERR.

NOTE: set at the BEGIN section of your code before using this module.

WHAT ABOUT THE NAME ^

QTEDI is QT and QT-basEd Desktop environment Interface ;-)

EXPORT ^

An instance of Parse::RecDescent on demand

PITFALL ^

1. Performance... Slower than before since function parameter parsing loop involved. Precompile could help a little bit;

2. 'spin' rule which has two subrules, both of them are optional. This will cause a similar case as waiting a spin lock;

BUG AND TODO ^

1. Handle of __attribute__ pragma in expression;

2. Handle of escaped token;

OUTPUT SPEC ^

  # NOTE: field such as name/variable might be optional

  # a QT/KDE-specific macro/property
  ---
     - type    : macro
     - subtype : 1/2/3
                 [ subtype 1 has no parameter, subtype 2 has just one, subtype 3 has > 1. ]
     - name    : [ macro/property name ]
     - value   : [ the parameter(s) of macro which is of subtype 2/3 ]
  
  # a typedef line
  ---
     - type     : typedef
     - body     : [ content of typedef, could be of enum/class/struct/union/fpointer/simple type. ]
                  [ will be a complete hashref entry in case of enum/class/struct/union/fpointer, 
                    refer to spec of those types below.                                           ]
  
  # a standard C++ one-line comment
  # multiline style comment (/* */) is stripped by C++ preprocessor
  ---
     - type : comment
     - value: [ content of comment line without '#' ]
  
  # an enum entry
  ---
     - type     : enum
     - name     : [ enum name                                               ]
                  [ possibly with prefix such as macro or other C++ keyword ]
     - value    : [ arrayref of the enum value list ]
     - variable : [ declared variables ] 
  
  # a template class/struct/enum/function declaration
  ---
     - type     : template
     - body     : [ template body                                  ]
                  [ an arrayref of all possible code blocks inside ]
     - typename : [ template type/class declaration ]
  
  # an extern reference declaration
  # C/function/expression/class/struct/union/enum 
  ---
     - type    : extern
     - subtype : C/class/struct/union/enum/function/expression
     - body    : [ an arrayref of all code blocks inside ]
  
  # an namespace declaration
  ---
     - type : namespace
     - name : [ namespace name ] 
     - body : [ an arrayref of all code blocks inside ] 
  
  # a complete class/struct/union declaration
  # they are treated as a similar way
  ---
     - type     : class/struct/union
     - name     : [ class/struct/union name                                 ] 
                  [ possibly with prefix such as macro or other C++ keyword ]
     - body     : [ class/struct/union body unless a forward declaration                ]
                  [ an arrayref of all code blocks inside                               ]
                  [ class visibility and QT signal/slot keywords are standalone entries ]
     - property : [ an arrayref of properties (friend etc.) ]
     - inheritance : [ class inheritance declaration ] 
     - variable    : [ declared variables ] 
  
  # a class accessibility entry
  # this includes both class visibility keywords (public/private/protected) 
  # and QT-specific signal/slot keywords (Q_SIGNALS/Q_SLOTS)
  # future might have KDE-specific ones
  # here takes another type name to differentiate with visibility
  ---
     - type : accessibility
     - value: [ accessibility keyword name ]
  
  # a complete function declaration
  ---
     - type     : function
     - name     : [ function name with return type                          ]
                  [ possibly with prefix such as macro or other C++ keyword ]
     - property : [ c++/QT/KDE-specific keywords (const and like)           ] 
     - parameter: 
         - name    : [ parameter name with type               ]
                     [ could be a hashref of another 
                       { name => '', parameter => [] } entry 
                       for recursive function pointer such as 
                       int ((*signal)(int))(int)              ]
           subtype : simple/fpointer/template
           default : [default value declared                  ]
         ...
  
  # a function pointer declaration
  ---
     - type     : fpointer
     - name     : [ function pointer name prefixed with '*'       ]
     - property : [ similar as in function                        ]
     - parameter: [ similar as in function                        ] 
     
  # a code expression entry
  ---
     - type : expression
     - value: [ expression body ]

SEE ALSO ^

Parse::RecDescent

output spec and other dev info http://code.google.com/p/dongxu/wiki/QTEDI

my Perl QT4 binding project page http://code.google.com/p/dongxu/wiki/PerlQT

AUTHOR ^

Dongxu Ma, <dongxu.ma@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) 2007 by Dongxu Ma <dongxu@cpan.org>

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/artistic.html

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