Alan Kasindorf > Perlbal > Perlbal::Manual::Hooks

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NAME ^

Perlbal::Manual::Hooks - How Perlbal's hooks work

VERSION

Perlbal 1.78.

DESCRIPTION

Basically, a hook is a bit of code that is run at certain stages in the requests that Perlbal handles.There are all kinds of hooks available and they all do different things. Some are only applicable to some of the roles and others are applicable only to certain classes. Each hook is described in detail below, but first a description of the basics of a hook.

In general, you define a hook by calling the register_hook method on a Perlbal::Service object. You specify what hook you are interested in and provide a reference to a subroutine that will be called with the parameters particular to that hook.

There are three types of hooks:

Global hooks

These are hooks that are defined on a global scale. They are set like so:

    Perlbal::register_global_hook('foo', sub { return 0; });

That would define a global hook named foo that would return 0 when it's called. (Return codes from hooks will be explained below)

Global hooks are useful to define management commands. See manage_command under Perlbal::Manual::Plugins for more information.

Service handler hooks

A handler hook is attached to a particular service. These hooks are called one at a time until one hook returns 1. At that point, no further hooks are called. For example:

    $service->register_hook('bar', sub {
        # do something
        return 1;
    });

When this hook runs, it would return 1, signalling to Perlbal that it had done what it needed to do and that Perlbal shouldn't call any further hooks. You can use this type of hook to create sets of plugins that all handle different types of requests, and when one hook had handled a request it wouldn't continue telling other hooks about the request.

backend_client_assigned

Happens right after a backend is assigned to a client, but before we've talked to the backend and asked it to do something. If you return a true value, the process is stopped and you will manually have to send the client's request to the backend, etc.

Called in Perlbal::BackendHTTP.

Available in role reverse_proxy.

backend_readable_verify

When the backend is about to start sending the response.

Called in Perlbal::BackendHTTP.

Available in all roles.

backend_response_received

Called as soon as response headers are read from the backend. If you return a true value, will stop all handling at that point.

Called in Perlbal::BackendHTTP.

Available in all roles.

backend_write_verify

When the backend is ready to receive the request.

Called in Perlbal::BackendHTTP.

Available in all roles.

concat_get_poststat_file_missing

Called when a missing file was requested in a request for multiple files concatenated, right before sending the 404 response. Return a true value to overtake the connection.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase.

Available in role web_server.

See also concat_get_poststat_pre_send, static_get_poststat_file_missing and static_get_poststat_pre_send.

concat_get_poststat_pre_send

Called when the resulting file of a request for multiple files concatenated is about to be sent, right before the 200 response code is added as a header. Return a true value to overtake the connection.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase.

Available in role web_server.

See also concat_get_poststat_file_missing, static_get_poststat_file_missing and static_get_poststat_pre_send.

handle_put

Called when handling a PUT request.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTP.

Available in role web_server.

make_high_priority

Called when a request is received and right before we're about to determine if this request is high priority or not. Return a true value to make the request high priority; false to leave it alone. Note that this is only called when the request isn't already high priority due to cookie priority scheduling, which is done inside Perlbal::Service.

Called in Perlbal::ClientProxy.

Available in all roles.

make_low_priority

Called when a request is received and right before we're about to determine if this request is high priority or not. Return a true value to make the request low priority; false to leave it alone.

Called in Perlbal::ClientProxy.

Available in all roles.

modify_response_headers

Called when we've set all the headers, and are about to serve a file. You can change or add response headers at this point, or cancel the process by returning a true value. You will have to send the response to the client yourself if you do this.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase.

Available in role web_server.

proxy_read_request

Called on the request before we send the request to a backend.

Called in Perlbal::ClientProxy.

Available in all roles.

put_writeout

Called when there is some put data to write out.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTP.

Available in role web_server.

reproxy_fh_finished

Called when a reproxy file has completed and is about to close the file handle. You can cancel the process by returning a true value (in which case you will have to close the reproxy_fh yourself).

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase.

Available in role web_server.

reproxy_response_received

Called as soon as response headers are read from a reproxied backend. If you return a true value, will stop all handling at that point.

Called in Perlbal::ClientProxy.

Available in role reverse_proxy.

return_to_base

Called when a request has been finished, and control of the Client* object is about to be transferred back to ownership by a service selector. Return a true value if the perlbal core action in this situation should be bypassed.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase.

Available in all roles.

start_file_reproxy

Called when we've been told to reproxy a file. If you return a true value, Perlbal will not perform any operations on the file and will simply return. You can also change the file in the scalar ref passed as the second parameter.

Called in Perlbal::ClientProxy; receives $filename_ref, a reference to the filename.

Available in role reverse_proxy.

start_http_request

A generic hook that works for both webserver and proxy modes, run after either the specific start_proxy_request or start_web_request hooks below. Like those, you return true from this hook to takeover the connection.

Called in Perlbal::ClientProxy and Perlbal::ClientHTTP.

Available in roles reverse_proxy and web_server.

start_proxy_request

Called as soon as we've read in headers from a user but right before we've requested a backend connection. If a true value is returned, Perlbal will not request a backend.

Called in Perlbal::ClientProxy.

Available in role reverse_proxy.

start_send_file

Called when we've opened a file and are about to start sending it to the user using sendfile. Return a true value to cancel the default sending.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase.

Available in role web_server.

start_serve_request

Called when we're about to serve a local file, before we've done any work. You can change the file served by modifying $uri_ref, or cancel the process by returning a true value.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase; receives $uri_ref, a reference to the URI.

Available in role web_server.

start_web_request

When a service has gotten headers and is about to serve it. Return a true value to cancel the default handling of web requests.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTP.

Available in role web_server.

static_get_poststat_file_missing

Called when a missing static single file was requested, right before sending the 404 response. Return a true value to overtake the connection.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase.

Available in role web_server.

See also concat_get_poststat_file_missing, concat_get_poststat_pre_send and static_get_poststat_pre_send.

static_get_poststat_pre_send

Called when a static single file is about to be sent, right before the 200 response code is added as a header. Return a true value to overtake the connection.

Called in Perlbal::ClientHTTPBase.

Available in role web_server.

See also concat_get_poststat_file_missing, concat_get_poststat_pre_send and static_get_poststat_file_missing.

Service general hooks

These hooks are defined the same way as above, but general hooks are all run. The return code is ignored. This can be useful for putting in code that records statistics about an action or something to that effect.

end_proxy_request

This hook is called when the Perlbal::ClientProxy object is being closed.

Available in role reverse_proxy.

SEE ALSO

Perlbal::Manual::Internals, Perlbal::Manual::Plugins.

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