Apache2::AuthZSympa - Authorization module based on Sympa mailing list server group definition
This module is an authorization handler for Apache 2. Its authorization method relies on mailing lists membership ; it is designed for Sympa mailing list software (http://sympa.org). This authorization handler has been initially designed to work with its peer authentication handler Apache2::AuthNSympa that performs authentication against a Sympa SOAP server. The handler has later been extended to work with third party authentication Apache modules :
This module needs the associated authentication handler to provide a trusted user email address ; the user email address is later used to query list membership. Because some authentication modules (CAS) don't provide the user email address, the authorization module may be configured to query an LDAP directory. The environment variable name may also be configured (when used with Shibboleth).
Regardless what authentication module is used, the following rules are needed in your Apache configuration file :
Of course, your mod_perl2 Apache module has to be correctly configured.
For example, in a location section of your Apache configuration file, you have to put the following rules :
PerlSetVar SympaSoapServer http://mysympa.server/soap # URL of the sympa SOAP server PerlAuthzHandler Apache2::AuthZSympa require SympaLists firstname.lastname@example.org,email@example.com # lists for which the member has to be a member (he needs to be at least a member for one of them) PerlSetVar MemcachedServer 10.219.213.24:11211 # URL for cache server (option) PerlSetVar CacheExptime 3600 # Cache expiration time in seconds for the cache server (default 1800)
We provide a working example of a web page that has a restricted access for members of firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list only. You should subscribe to the test mailing list if you wish to try it : http://listes.cru.fr/sympa/info/test
The following page will request your email address and Sympa password : http://www.cru.fr/demo_authsympa/
It is based on a basic HTTP authentication authentication (popup on client side). Once the user has authenticated, the REMOTE_USER environnement var contains the user email address. The authentication module implements a SOAP client that validates user credentials against the Sympa SOAP server. Example:
<Directory "/var/www/somewhere"> AuthName SympaAuth AuthType Basic PerlSetVar SympaSoapServer http://mysympa.server/soap PerlAuthenHandler Apache2::AuthNSympa PerlAuthzHandler Apache2::AuthZSympa require valid-user require SympaLists email@example.com,firstname.lastname@example.org </Directory>
Mod_ssl can be used to do the user authentication, based on user client certificates. Your mod_ssl configuration should look like this :
Because Apache does not consider mod_ssl as an authentication handler, an authentication handler must be added. So we recommend to call Apache2::AuthNSympa because it is bypassed if "AuthType" is different from "Sympa" The authentication handler will get the expected user email address extracted from the certificate.
<Directory "/var/www/somewhere"> SSLVerifyClient require SSLRequireSSL SSLOptions +StdEnvVars AuthType SSL PerlSetVar SympaSoapServer http://mysympa.server/soap PerlAuthenHandler Apache2::AuthNSympa PerlAuthzHandler Apache2::AuthZSympa require SympaLists email@example.com,firstname.lastname@example.org </Directory>
CAS is a web single sign-on software, developped by the university of Yale : http://www.ja-sig.org/products/cas/
CAS does not provide any email address . Therefore the authorization module will first query an LDAP directory to get the user email address, given his UID.
<Directory "/var/www/somewhere"> AuthName SympaAuth AuthType CAS PerlSetVar SympaSoapServer http://mysympa.server/soap PerlSetVar MemcachedServer 10.219.213.24:11211 PerlSetVar CacheExptime 3600 # in seconds, default 1800 ## here is ldap filters to retrieve user email address ## if CAS uid is an email address, no need these directives PerlSetVar LDAPHost ldap.localdomain PerlSetVar LDAPSuffix ou=people PerlSetVar LDAPEmailFilter (uid=[uid]) PerlSetVar LDAPEmailAttribute mail PerlSetVar LDAPScope sub PerlAuthzHandler Apache2::AuthZSympa require valid-user require SympaLists email@example.com,firstname.lastname@example.org </Directory>
Shibboleth is an open source software developped by Internet2 : http://shibboleth.internet2.edu
The default behavior of mod_shib authentication module is to provide the user email address in the HTTP_SHIB_INETORGPERSON_MAIL HTTP header. The AuthZSympa module still provides a ShibbolethMailVar parameter to declare which HTTP header contains the user email address, if not the default one.
The following rules are required:
<Directory "/var/www/somewhere"> AuthType shibboleth PerlSetVar SympaSoapServer http://mysympa.server/soap PerlSetVar MemcachedServer 10.219.213.24:11211 PerlSetVar CacheExptime 3600 # in seconds, default 1800 PerlSetVar ShibbolethMailVar HTTP_SHIB_INETORGPERSON_MAIL PerlAuthzHandler Apache2::AuthZSympa require valid-user require SympaLists email@example.com,firstname.lastname@example.org </Directory>
# required to identify the good authentication type AuthType CAS # can be SSL, Sympa or shibboleth # URL to query Sympa server SOAP interface, required PerlSetEnv SympaSoapServer # lists to verify membership of user, required require SympaLists list1@mydomain,list2@mydomain # IP address and port of memcached server if necessary PerlSetEnv MemcachedServer 192.168.0.1:11211 # Cache expiration time in seconds if memcached server used, default 1800 PerlSetEnv CacheExptime 3600 # LDAP Host for CAS backend PerlSetEnv LDAPHost ldap.mydomain # LDAP suffix to query LDAP backend PerlSetenv LDAPSuffix o=people # Filter to query LDAP backend. It has to match uid provided by CAS server PerlSetenv LDAPEmailFilter myIdAttribute=([uid]) # LDAP backend attribute containing email address PerlSetenv LDAPEmailAttribute mail # LDAP scope, default sub PerlSetenv LDAPScope sub # Shibboleth env var to match email address. optional, default HTTP_SHIB_INETORGPERSON_MAIL PerlSetenv ShibbolethMailVar HTTP_SHIB_INETORGPERSON_MAIL
Dominique Launay,Comite Reseau des Universites,
<dominique.launay AT cru.fr>
Copyright 2005 Comite Reseau des Universites http://www.cru.fr All Rights Reserved.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.