Class::Refresh - refresh your classes during runtime
use Class::Refresh; use Foo; Class::Refresh->refresh; # edit Foo.pm Class::Refresh->refresh; # changes in Foo.pm are applied
During development, it is fairly common to cycle between writing code and testing that code. Generally the testing happens within the test suite, but frequently it is more convenient to test things by hand when tracking down a bug, or when doing some exploratory coding. In many situations, however, this becomes inconvenient - for instance, in a REPL, or in a stateful web application, restarting from the beginning after every code change can get pretty tedious. This module allows you to reload your application classes on the fly, so that the code/test cycle becomes a lot easier.
This module has several limitations, due to reloading modules in this way being an inherently fragile operation. Therefore, this module is recommended for use only in development environments - it should not be used for reloading things in production.
It makes several assumptions about how code is structured that simplify the logic involved quite a bit, and make it more reliable when those assumptions hold, but do make it inappropriate for use in certain cases. For instance, this module is named
Class::Refresh for a reason: it is only intended for refreshing classes, where each file contains a single namespace, and each namespace corresponds to a single file, and all function calls happen through method dispatch. Unlike Module::Refresh, which makes an effort to track the files where subs were defined, this module assumes that refreshing a class means wiping out everything in the class's namespace, and reloading the file corresponding to that class. If your code includes multiple files that all load things into a common namespace, or defines multiple classes in a single file, this will likely not work.
The main entry point to the module. The first call to
refresh populates a cache of modification times for currently loaded modules, and subsequent calls will refresh any classes which have changed since the previous call.
Returns a list of modules which have changed since the last call to
This method calls
$mod, as well as on any classes that depend on
$mod (for instance, subclasses if
$mod is a class, or classes that consume
$mod is a role). This ensures that all of your classes are consistent, even when dealing with things like immutable Moose classes.
$mod, using Class::Unload.
$mod, using Class::Load.
Perl resolves accesses to global variables and functions in other packages at compile time, so if the package is later reloaded, changes to those will not be noticed. As mentioned above, this module is intended for refreshing classes.
If you modify a file and then immediately call
refresh and then immediately modify it again, the modification may not be seen on the next call to
refresh. Note however that file size and inode number are also compared, so it still may be seen, depending on if either of those two things changed.
usea given module isn't possible
For instance, modifying a Moose::Exporter module which is used in a class won't cause the class to be refreshed, even if the change to the exporter would cause a change in the class's metaclass.
This module attempts to handle several cases of this sort for Moose classes (modifying a class will refresh all of its subclasses, modifying a role will refresh all classes and roles which consume that role, modifying a metaclass will refresh all classes whose metaclass is an instance of that metaclass), but it's not a problem that's solvable in the general case.
This module was based in large part on Module::Refresh by Jesse Vincent.
This will require modifications to Moose to support properly.
Refreshing a class which is its own metaclass will likely break.
Please report any bugs through RT: email
bug-class-refresh at rt.cpan.org, or browse to http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Class-Refresh.
Please see those modules/websites for more information related to this module.
You can find this documentation for this module with the perldoc command.
You can also look for information at:
Jesse Luehrs <doy at tozt dot net>
This software is copyright (c) 2011 by Jesse Luehrs.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.