Clinton Gormley > Elastic-Model-0.28 > Elastic::Manual::Reindex

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NAME ^

Elastic::Manual::Reindex - How to reindex your data from an old index to a new index

VERSION ^

version 0.28

INTRODUCTION ^

While you can add to the mapping of an index, you can't change what is already there. Especially during development, you will need to reindex your data to a new index.

USE ALIASES INSTEAD OF INDICES ^

The easiest way to work is to have the "name" in Elastic::Model::Namespace be an index alias which points at the current version of your index. For instance:

    my $ns = $model->namespace( 'myapp' );
    $ns->index( 'myapp_v1' )->create;
    $ns->alias->to( 'myapp_v1' );

Now you're ready to start indexing data into myapp:

    my $domain = $model->domain( 'myapp' );
    $domain->create( user => { name => 'John'} );

When you need to change your mapping, you can just reindex to a new index:

    # create 'myapp_v2' if it doesn't exist, and
    # copy 'myapp_v1' to 'myapp_v2'
    $ns->index( 'myapp_v2' )->reindex( 'myapp' );

    # update alias 'myapp' to point to 'myapp_v2'
    $ns->alias->to( 'myapp_v2' );

    # delete the old 'myapp_v1'
    $ns->index( 'myapp_v1' )->delete;

UPDATING UIDS ^

Imagine you have a $post object which has a user attribute. The UID of the user is stored in Elasticsearch, which includes the index name.

When you reindex your data from myapp_v1 to myapp_v2, reindex() will automatically update all UIDs in the reindexed data to point to the new index.

UPDATING UIDS IN OTHER INDICES ^

Now imagine that you have another index (one you're not reindexing) which also has UIDs which point to the old index. These will no longer be valid. You need to update the old UIDs to point to the new index.

This will also be done automatically by reindex(), but you can disable it with:

    $index->reindex( 'myapp:v1', repoint_uids => 0 );

CHANGING DOC STRUCTURE WHILE REINDEXING ^

If the structure of your Doc class has changed, then you may need to change the structure of each doc before reindexing it. To do so, you can pass a transform callback.

The transform sub is called before any other changes are made to your doc, and is passed the $doc as its only parameter. It should return the new $doc.

For instance, to convert the single-value tag field to an array of tags, you could do:

    $index->reindex(
        'new_index',
        'transform' => sub {
            my $doc = shift;
            $doc->{_source}{tags} = [ delete $doc->{_source}{tag} ];
            return $doc
        }
    );

TODO ^

AUTHOR ^

Clinton Gormley <drtech@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Clinton Gormley.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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