DBIx::NamedDSN - Store all of your DSNs in the same location.
use DBIx::NamedDSN; $dsn_name="testdb1"; $dbh=DBIx::NamedDSN->connect($dsn_name); # ...everything DBI with $dbh. $ident=$dbh->ndsn_identifier; $cs=$dbh->connection_string;
DBIx::NamedDSN simplifies the method of connecting to a DBI data source, particularly across a diverse and changing data set. This also aids in minimizing the changes to existing tools when data sources are changed. Rather than having to update a whole set of data source names across a suite of tools, you can simply change the named dsn in one place and the tools will automagically work.
Data source strings and (optionally) authentication information are stored in a central configuration file. The format of the file is described later. (See NAMED_DSN CONFIG FILE.) Each entry has a unique name (or token). This token is what is used to connect to the database. If you are changing your database environment over from one database system to another, if you move a local database over to a full-fledged database server, or if you just want to be forward-thinking about your growth potential, this module may be for you.
In addition to the above, DBIx::NamedDSN adds a method to the DBI which lets you query any database handle opened with DBIx::NamedDSN for its connect string.
This section describes in detail the individual methods provided by the NamedDSN object.
The connect method is the core feature of the module; it is what does the transform between the nameddsn token and the actual connect string, as well as connecting you to the actual DBI. The database handle that is returned is a normal DBI::db object, with two additional methods: $dbh->ndsn_identifier() which returns the ndsn token used to connect, and $dbh->connect_string(), which returns the connection parameters used to connect to the database.
You can set this variable to explictly set where DBIx::NamedDSN looks for its lookup table. On build-time, this was set to @NAMED_DSN_CONFIG@.
This section describes the format of the NamedDSN configuration file. The location of this file is set at build time, and defaults to "@NAMED_DSN_CONFIG@". You can explicitly set the path of the file by setting the variable $DBIx::NamedDSN::NAMED_DSN_CONFIG to the location you desire.
nameddsn.conf has a simple format, consisting of up to four tab-delimited columns per record. Any lines with only whitespace or comments are ignored. While currently any lines without tabs are ignored, this behavior should be considered undefined---its meaning may change. DO NOT DEPEND ON THIS CAPABILITY FOR YOUR COMMENTS.
The first two columns in each record are required. The first column is the NamedDSN name. This is a unique token which identifies the actual dsn used to connect to the DBI. The second column is the actual dsn string, as passed to connect. The optional third column is the default username to use for this connection. The optional fourth column is the default password to use for this connection.
use DBI; use DBIx::NamedDSN qw/magic/; $dbh=DBI->connect($shortname,...); # will work automatically!
David Christensen, <email@example.com>
Copyright (C) 2004 by David Christensen
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.8.5 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.