Ran Eilam > Aspect-0.12 > Aspect::AdviceContext

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NAME ^

Aspect::AdviceContext - a pointcut context for advice code

SYNOPSIS ^

  $pointcut = call qr/^Person::[gs]et_/ & cflow company => qr/^Company::/;

  # using in 'before' advice code
  before {
     my $context = shift;             # context is only param to advice code
     print $context->type;            # 'before': advice type: before/after
     print $context->pointcut;        # $pointcut: the pointcut for this advice
     print $context->sub_name;        # package + sub name of matched sub
     print $context->package_name;    # 'Person': package name of matched sub
     print $context->short_sub_name;  # sub name of matched sub
     print $context->self;            # 1st parameter to matched sub
     print $context->params->[1];     # 2nd parameter to matched sub
     $context->append_param($rdbms);  # append param to matched sub
     $context->append_params($a, $b); # append params to matched sub
     $context->return_value(4)        # don't proceed to matched sub, return 4
     $context->original->(x => 3);    # call matched sub, don't proceed
     $context->proceed(1);            # do proceed to matched sub after all
     print $context->company->name;   # access cflow pointcut advice context
  } $pointcut;

DESCRIPTION ^

Advice code is called when the advice pointcut is matched. In this code, there is always a need to access information about the context of the advice. Information like: what is the actual sub name matched? What are the parameters in this call that we matched? Sometimes you want to change the context for the matched sub: append a parameter, or even stop the matched sub from being called.

You do all these things through the AdviceContext. It is the only parameter provided to the advice code. It provides all the information required about the match context, and allows you to change the behavior of the matched sub.

Note that modifying parameters through the context, in the code of an after advice, will have no effect, since the matched sub has already been called.

CFLOW CONTEXT ^

If the pointcut of an advice is composed of at least one Aspect::Pointcut::Cflow, advice code may require not only the context of the advice, but also the context of the cflows. This is required if you want to find out, for example, what is the name of the sub that matched a cflow. E.g. for the synopsis example above, what method of Company started the chain of calls that eventually reached the get/set on Person?

You can access cflow context in the synopsis above, by calling:

  $context->company;

You get it from the main advice context, by calling a method named after the context key used in the cflow spec. In the synopsis pointcut definition, the cflow part was:

  cflow company => qr/^Company::/
        ^^^^^^^

An AdviceContext will be created for the cflow, and you can access it using the key company.

EXAMPLES ^

Print parameters to matched sub:

  before { my $c = shift; print join(',', $c->params) } $pointcut;

Append a parameter:

  before { shift->append_param('extra-param') } $pointcut;

Don't proceed to matched sub, return 4 instead:

  before { shift->return_value(4) } $pointcut;

Call matched sub again, and again, until it returns something defined:

  after {
     my $context = shift;
     my $return  = $context->return_value;
     while (!defined $return)
        { $return = $context->original($context->params) }
     $context->return_value($return);
  } $pointcut;

Print the name of the Company object that started the chain of calls that eventually reached the get/set on Person:

  before { print shift->company->name } $pointcut;

SEE ALSO ^

See the Aspect pod for a guide to the Aspect module.

You can find examples of using the AdviceContext in any advice code. The aspect library for example (e.g. Aspect::Library::Wormhole).

Aspect::Advice creates the main AdviceContext, and Aspect::Pointcut::Cflow creates contexts for each matched call flow.

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