Karen Etheridge > Moose-2.1206 > Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native

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Module Version: 2.1206   Source   Latest Release: Moose-2.1303-TRIAL

NAME ^

Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native - Delegate to native Perl types

VERSION ^

version 2.1206

SYNOPSIS ^

  package MyClass;
  use Moose;

  has 'mapping' => (
      traits  => ['Hash'],
      is      => 'rw',
      isa     => 'HashRef[Str]',
      default => sub { {} },
      handles => {
          exists_in_mapping => 'exists',
          ids_in_mapping    => 'keys',
          get_mapping       => 'get',
          set_mapping       => 'set',
          set_quantity      => [ set => 'quantity' ],
      },
  );

  my $obj = MyClass->new;
  $obj->set_quantity(10);      # quantity => 10
  $obj->set_mapping('foo', 4); # foo => 4
  $obj->set_mapping('bar', 5); # bar => 5
  $obj->set_mapping('baz', 6); # baz => 6

  # prints 5
  print $obj->get_mapping('bar') if $obj->exists_in_mapping('bar');

  # prints 'quantity, foo, bar, baz'
  print join ', ', $obj->ids_in_mapping;

DESCRIPTION ^

Native delegations allow you to delegate to native Perl data structures as if they were objects. For example, in the "SYNOPSIS" you can see a hash reference being treated as if it has methods named exists(), keys(), get(), and set().

The delegation methods (mostly) map to Perl builtins and operators. The return values of these delegations should be the same as the corresponding Perl operation. Any deviations will be explicitly documented.

API ^

Native delegations are enabled by passing certain options to has when creating an attribute.

traits

To enable this feature, pass the appropriate name in the traits array reference for the attribute. For example, to enable this feature for hash reference, we include 'Hash' in the list of traits.

isa

You will need to make sure that the attribute has an appropriate type. For example, to use this with a Hash you must specify that your attribute is some sort of HashRef.

handles

This is just like any other delegation, but only a hash reference is allowed when defining native delegations. The keys are the methods to be created in the class which contains the attribute. The values are the methods provided by the associated trait. Currying works the same way as it does with any other delegation.

See the docs for each native trait for details on what methods are available.

TRAITS FOR NATIVE DELEGATIONS ^

Below are some simple examples of each native trait. More features are available than what is shown here; this is just a quick synopsis.

Array (Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Array)
    has 'queue' => (
        traits  => ['Array'],
        is      => 'ro',
        isa     => 'ArrayRef[Str]',
        default => sub { [] },
        handles => {
            add_item  => 'push',
            next_item => 'shift',
            # ...
        }
    );
Bool (Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Bool)
    has 'is_lit' => (
        traits  => ['Bool'],
        is      => 'ro',
        isa     => 'Bool',
        default => 0,
        handles => {
            illuminate  => 'set',
            darken      => 'unset',
            flip_switch => 'toggle',
            is_dark     => 'not',
            # ...
        }
    );
Code (Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Code)
    has 'callback' => (
        traits  => ['Code'],
        is      => 'ro',
        isa     => 'CodeRef',
        default => sub {
            sub {'called'}
        },
        handles => {
            call => 'execute',
            # ...
        }
    );
Counter (Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Counter)
    has 'counter' => (
        traits  => ['Counter'],
        is      => 'ro',
        isa     => 'Num',
        default => 0,
        handles => {
            inc_counter   => 'inc',
            dec_counter   => 'dec',
            reset_counter => 'reset',
            # ...
        }
    );
Hash (Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Hash)
    has 'options' => (
        traits  => ['Hash'],
        is      => 'ro',
        isa     => 'HashRef[Str]',
        default => sub { {} },
        handles => {
            set_option => 'set',
            get_option => 'get',
            has_option => 'exists',
            # ...
        }
    );
Number (Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::Number)
    has 'integer' => (
        traits  => ['Number'],
        is      => 'ro',
        isa     => 'Int',
        default => 5,
        handles => {
            set => 'set',
            add => 'add',
            sub => 'sub',
            mul => 'mul',
            div => 'div',
            mod => 'mod',
            abs => 'abs',
            # ...
        }
    );
String (Moose::Meta::Attribute::Native::Trait::String)
    has 'text' => (
        traits  => ['String'],
        is      => 'ro',
        isa     => 'Str',
        default => q{},
        handles => {
            add_text     => 'append',
            replace_text => 'replace',
            # ...
        }
    );

COMPATIBILITY WITH MooseX::AttributeHelpers ^

This feature used to be a separated CPAN distribution called MooseX::AttributeHelpers.

When the feature was incorporated into the Moose core, some of the API details were changed. The underlying capabilities are the same, but some details of the API were changed.

BUGS ^

See "BUGS" in Moose for details on reporting bugs.

AUTHORS ^

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This software is copyright (c) 2006 by Infinity Interactive, Inc..

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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