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Florent Angly > Bio-Community-0.001000 > Bio::Community::Tools::Rarefier



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Source   Latest Release: Bio-Community-0.001008


Bio::Community::Tools::Rarefier - Normalize communities by count


  use Bio::Community::Tools::Rarefier;

  # Normalize communities in a metacommunity by repeatedly taking 1,000 random members
  my $rarefier = Bio::Community::Tools::Rarefier->new(
     -metacommunity => $meta,
     -sample_size   => 1000,
     -threshold     => 0.001, # When to stop iterating. Can specify repetions instead

  my $average_community = $rarefier->get_avg_meta->[0];

  # Round counts and remove members with abundance between 0 and 0.5
  my $representative_community = $rarefier->get_repr_meta->[0];


This module takes a metacommunity and normalizes (rarefies) the communities it contains by their number of counts.

Comparing the composition and diversity of biological communities can be biased by sampling artefacts. When comparing two identical communities, one for which 10,000 counts were made to one, to one with only 1,000 counts, the smaller community will appear less diverse. A solution is to repeatedly bootstrap the larger communities by taking 1,000 random members from it.

This module uses Bio::Community::Sampler to take random member from communities and normalize them by their number of counts. After all random repetitions have been performed, average communities or representative communities are returned. These communities all have the same number of counts.


Florent Angly


User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this and other Bioperl modules. Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list,, rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem with code and data examples if at all possible.

If you have found a bug, please report it on the BioPerl bug tracking system to help us keep track the bugs and their resolution:


Copyright 2011,2012,2013 by the BioPerl Team

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.10.1 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.


The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _


 Function: Create a new Bio::Community::Tool::Rarefier object
 Usage   : my $rarefier = Bio::Community::Tool::Rarefier->new( );
 Args    : -metacommunity: see metacommunity()
           -repetitions  : see repetitions()
           -sample_size  : see sample_size()
 Returns : a new Bio::Community::Tools::Rarefier object


 Function: Get or set the metacommunity to normalize.
 Usage   : my $meta = $rarefier->metacommunity;
 Args    : A Bio::Community::Meta object
 Returns : A Bio::Community::Meta object


 Function: Get or set the sample size, i.e. the number of members to pick randomly
           at each iteration. It has to be smaller than the total count of the
           smallest community or an error will be generated. If the sample size
           is omitted, it defaults to the get_members_count() of the smallest community.
 Usage   : my $sample_size = $rarefier->sample_size;
 Args    : positive integer for the sample size
 Returns : positive integer for the sample size


 Function: Get or set the threshold. While iterating, when the beta diversity or
           distance between the average community and the average community at
           the previous iteration decreases below this threshold, the
           bootstrapping is stopped. By default, the threshold is 1e-5. The
           repetitions() method provides an alternative way to specify when to
           stop the computation. After communities have been normalized using
           the repetitions() method instead of the threshold() method, the
           beta diversity between the last two average communities repetitions
           can be accessed using the threshold() method.
 Usage   : my $threshold = $rarefier->threshold;
 Args    : positive integer for the number of repetitions
 Returns : positive integer for the (minimum) number of repetitions


 Function: Get or set the number of bootstrap repetitions to perform. If specified,
           instead of relying on the threshold() to determine when to stop
           repeating the bootstrap process, perform an arbitrary number of
           repetitions. After communities have been normalized by count using
           threshold() method, the number of repetitions actually done can be
           accessed using this method.
 Usage   : my $repetitions = $rarefier->repetitions;
 Args    : positive integer for the number of repetitions
 Returns : positive integer for the (minimum) number of repetitions


 Function: Get or set verbose mode. In verbose mode, the current number of
           iterations (and beta diversity if a threshold is used) is displayed.
 Usage   : $rarefier->verbose(1);
 Args    : 0 or 1
 Returns : 0 or 1


 Function: Calculate an average metacommunity.
 Usage   : my $meta = $rarefier->get_avg_meta;
 Args    : none
 Returns : Bio::Community::Meta object


 Function: Calculate a representative metacommunity.
 Usage   : my $meta = $rarefier->get_repr_meta;
 Args    : none
 Returns : Bio::Community::Meta object
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