Flávio Soibelmann Glock > Set-Infinite-0.65 > Set::Infinite::Basic

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NAME ^

Set::Infinite::Basic - Sets of intervals 6 =head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Set::Infinite::Basic;

  $set = Set::Infinite::Basic->new(1,2);    # [1..2]
  print $set->union(5,6);            # [1..2],[5..6]

DESCRIPTION ^

Set::Infinite::Basic is a Set Theory module for infinite sets.

It works on reals, integers, and objects.

This module does not support recurrences. Recurrences are implemented in Set::Infinite.

METHODS ^

empty_set

Creates an empty_set.

If called from an existing set, the empty set inherits the "type" and "density" characteristics.

universal_set

Creates a set containing "all" possible elements.

If called from an existing set, the universal set inherits the "type" and "density" characteristics.

until

Extends a set until another:

    0,5,7 -> until 2,6,10

gives

    [0..2), [5..6), [7..10)

Note: this function is still experimental.

copy

clone

Makes a new object from the object's data.

Mode functions:

    $set = $set->real;

    $set = $set->integer;

Logic functions:

    $logic = $set->intersects($b);

    $logic = $set->contains($b);

    $logic = $set->is_null;  # also called "is_empty"

Set functions:

    $set = $set->union($b);    

    $set = $set->intersection($b);

    $set = $set->complement;
    $set = $set->complement($b);   # can also be called "minus" or "difference"

    $set = $set->symmetric_difference( $b );

    $set = $set->span;   

        result is (min .. max)

Scalar functions:

    $i = $set->min;

    $i = $set->max;

    $i = $set->size;  

    $i = $set->count;  # number of spans

Overloaded Perl functions:

    print    

    sort, <=> 

Global functions:

    separators(@i)

        chooses the interval separators. 

        default are [ ] ( ) '..' ','.

    INFINITY

        returns an 'Infinity' number.

    NEG_INFINITY

        returns a '-Infinity' number.

    iterate ( sub { } )

        Iterates over a subroutine. 
        Returns the union of partial results.

    first

        In scalar context returns the first interval of a set.

        In list context returns the first interval of a set, and the
        'tail'.

        Works in unbounded sets

    type($i)

        chooses an object data type. 

        default is none (a normal perl SCALAR).

        examples: 

        type('Math::BigFloat');
        type('Math::BigInt');
        type('Set::Infinite::Date');
            See notes on Set::Infinite::Date below.

    tolerance(0)    defaults to real sets (default)
    tolerance(1)    defaults to integer sets

    real            defaults to real sets (default)

    integer         defaults to integer sets

Internal functions:

    $set->fixtype; 

    $set->numeric;

CAVEATS ^

    $set = Set::Infinite->new(10,1);
        Will be interpreted as [1..10]

    $set = Set::Infinite->new(1,2,3,4);
        Will be interpreted as [1..2],[3..4] instead of [1,2,3,4].
        You probably want ->new([1],[2],[3],[4]) instead,
        or maybe ->new(1,4) 

    $set = Set::Infinite->new(1..3);
        Will be interpreted as [1..2],3 instead of [1,2,3].
        You probably want ->new(1,3) instead.

INTERNALS ^

The internal representation of a span is a hash:

    { a =>   start of span,
      b =>   end of span,
      open_begin =>   '0' the span starts in 'a'
                      '1' the span starts after 'a'
      open_end =>     '0' the span ends in 'b'
                      '1' the span ends before 'b'
    }

For example, this set:

    [100..200),300,(400..infinity)

is represented by the array of hashes:

    list => [
        { a => 100, b => 200, open_begin => 0, open_end => 1 },
        { a => 300, b => 300, open_begin => 0, open_end => 0 },
        { a => 400, b => infinity, open_begin => 0, open_end => 1 },
    ]

The density of a set is stored in the tolerance variable:

    tolerance => 0;  # the set is made of real numbers.

    tolerance => 1;  # the set is made of integers.

The type variable stores the class of objects that will be stored in the set.

    type => 'DateTime';   # this is a set of DateTime objects

The infinity value is generated by Perl, when it finds a numerical overflow:

    $inf = 100**100**100;

SEE ALSO ^

    Set::Infinite

AUTHOR ^

    Flavio S. Glock <fglock@gmail.com>
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