Franck Cuny > Dancer-1.1902 > Dancer::Request

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NAME ^

Dancer::Request - interface for accessing incoming requests

DESCRIPTION ^

This class implements a common interface for accessing incoming requests in a Dancer application.

In a route handler, the current request object can be accessed by the request method, like in the following example:

    get '/foo' => sub {
        request->params; # request, params parsed as a hash ref
        request->body; # returns the request body, unparsed
        request->path; # the path requested by the client
        # ...
    };

A route handler should not read the environment by itself, but should instead use the current request object.

PUBLIC INTERFACE ^

method()

Return the HTTP method used by the client to access the application.

path()

Return the path requested by the client.

base()

Returns an absolute URI for the base of the application

uri_for(path, params)

Constructs a URI from the base and the passed path. If params (hashref) is supplied, these are added to the query string of the uri. If the base is http://localhost:5000/foo, request->uri_for('/bar', { baz => 'baz' }) would return http://localhost:5000/foo/bar?baz=baz.

params($source)

Called in scalar context, returns a hashref of params, either from the specified source (see below for more info on that) or merging all sources.

So, you can use, for instance:

    my $foo = params->{foo}

If called in list context, returns a list of key => value pairs, so you could use:

    my %allparams = params;

Fetching only params from a given source

If a required source isn't specified, a mixed hashref (or list of key value pairs, in list context) will be returned; this will contain params from all sources (route, query, body).

In practical terms, this means that if the param foo is passed both on the querystring and in a POST body, you can only access one of them.

If you want to see only params from a given source, you can say so by passing the $source param to params():

    my %querystring_params = params('query');
    my %route_params       = params('route');
    my %post_params        = params('body');

If source equals route, then only params parsed from the route pattern are returned.

If source equals query, then only params parsed from the query string are returned.

If source equals body, then only params sent in the request body will be returned.

If another value is given for $source, then an exception is triggered.

content_type()

Return the content type of the request.

content_length()

Return the content length of the request.

header($name)

Return the value of the given header, if present. If the header has multiple values, returns an the list of values if called in list context, the first one in scalar.

body()

Return the raw body of the request, unparsed.

If you need to access the body of the request, you have to use this accessor and should not try to read psgi.input by hand. Dancer::Request already did it for you and kept the raw body untouched in there.

is_ajax()

Return true if the value of the header X-Requested-With is XMLHttpRequest.

env()

Return the current environment (%ENV), as a hashref.

uploads()

Returns a reference to a hash containing uploads. Values can be either a Dancer::Request::Upload object, or an arrayref of Dancer::Request::Upload objects.

HTTP environment variables

All HTTP environment variables that are in %ENV will be provided in the Dancer::Request object through specific accessors, here are those supported:

user_agent
host
accept_language
accept_charset
accept_encoding
keep_alive
connection
accept

AUTHORS ^

This module has been written by Alexis Sukrieh and was mostly inspired by Plack::Request, written by Tatsuiko Miyagawa.

Tatsuiko Miyagawa also gave a hand for the PSGI interface.

LICENCE ^

This module is released under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO ^

Dancer

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