Arthur Axel "fREW" Schmidt > Syntax-Keyword-Gather-1.002002 > Syntax::Keyword::Gather

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Module Version: 1.002002   Source   Latest Release: Syntax-Keyword-Gather-1.003001

NAME ^

Syntax::Keyword::Gather

VERSION ^

version 1.002002

SYNOPSIS ^

 use Syntax::Keyword::Gather;

 my @list = gather {
    # Try to extract odd numbers and odd number names...
    for (@data) {
       if (/(one|three|five|seven|nine)$/) { take qq{'$_'} }
       elsif (/^\d+$/ && $_ %2)            { take $_ }
    }
    # But use the default set if there aren't any of either...
    take @defaults unless gathered;
 }

or to use the stuff that Sub::Exporter gives us, try

 # this is a silly idea
 use syntax gather => {
   gather => { -as => 'bake' },
   take   => { -as => 'cake' },
 };

 my @vals = bake { cake (1...10) };

DESCRIPTION ^

Perl 6 provides a new control structure -- gather -- that allows lists to be constructed procedurally, without the need for a temporary variable. Within the block/closure controlled by a gather any call to take pushes that call's argument list to an implicitly created array. take returns the number of elements it took. This module implements that control structure.

At the end of the block's execution, the gather returns the list of values stored in the array (in a list context) or a reference to the array (in a scalar context).

For example, instead of writing:

 print do {
    my @wanted;
    while (my $line = <>) {
       push @wanted, $line  if $line =~ /\D/;
       push @wanted, -$line if some_other_condition($line);
    }
    push @wanted, 'EOF';
    join q{, }, @wanted;
 };

instead we can write:

 print join q{, }, gather {
    while (my $line = <>) {
       take $line  if $line =~ /\D/;
       take -$line if some_other_condition($line);
    }
    take 'EOF';
 }

and instead of:

 my $text = do {
    my $string;
    while (<>) {
       next if /^#|^\s*$/;
       last if /^__[DATA|END]__\n$/;
       $string .= $_;
    }
    $string;
 };

we could write:

 my $text = join q{}, gather {
    while (<>) {
       next if /^#|^\s*$/;
       last if /^__[DATA|END]__\n$/;
       take $_;
    }
 };

There is also a third function -- gathered -- which returns a reference to the implicit array being gathered. This is useful for handling defaults:

 my @odds = gather {
    for @data {
       take $_ if $_ % 2;
       take to_num($_) if /[one|three|five|nine]$/;
    }
    take (1,3,5,7,9) unless gathered;
 }

Note that -- as the example above implies -- the gathered function returns a special Perl 5 array reference that acts like a Perl 6 array reference in boolean, numeric, and string contexts.

It's also handy for creating the implicit array by some process more complex than by simple sequential pushing. For example, if we needed to prepend a count of non-numeric items:

 my @odds = gather {
    for @data {
       take $_ if $_ %2;
       take to_num($_) if /[one|three|five|seven|nine]$/;
    }
    unshift gathered, +grep(/[a-z]/i, @data);
 }

Conceptually gather/take is the generalized form from which both map and grep derive. That is, we could implement those two functions as:

 sub map (&@) {
   my $coderef = shift;
   my @list = @{shift @_};

   return gather {
      take $coderef->($_) for (@list)
   };
 }

 sub grep (&@) {
   my $coderef = shift;
   my @list = @{shift @_};

   return gather {
      take $_ if $coderef->($_) for @list
   };
 }

A gather is also a very handy way of short-circuiting the construction of a list. For example, suppose we wanted to generate a single sorted list of lines from two sorted files, but only up to the first line they have in common. We could gather the lines like this:

 my @merged_diff = gather {
    my $a = <$fh_a>;
    my $b = <$fh_b>;
    while (1) {
       if ( defined $a && defined $b ) {
          if    ($a eq $b) { last }     # Duplicate means end of list
          elsif ($a lt $b) { take $a; $a = <$fh_a>; }
          else             { take $b; $b = <$fh_b>; }
       }
       elsif (defined $a)  { take $a; $a = <$fh_a>; }
       elsif (defined $b)  { take $b; $b = <$fh_b>; }
       else                { last }
    }
 }

NAME ^

Syntax::Keyword::Gather - Implements the Perl 6 'gather/take' control structure in Perl 5

HISTORY ^

This module was forked from Damian Conway's Perl6::Gather for a few reasons.

to avoid the slightly incendiary name
to avoid the use of the Perl6::Exporter
~ doesn't overload to mean string context
to no longer takes the current topic ($_)

The last item is actually due to an unintended side-effect of the fact that if take has an array of zero length it takes $_, which is suprising at the very least. I'll fix that issue if I can.

BUGS AND IRRITATIONS ^

It would be nice to be able to code the default case as:

 my @odds = gather {
    for (@data) {
       take if $_ % 2;
       take to_num($_) if /(?:one|three|five|nine)\z/;
    }
 } or (1,3,5,7,9);

but Perl 5's or imposes a scalar context on its left argument. This is arguably a bug and definitely an irritation.

AUTHORS ^

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Arthur Axel "fREW" Schmidt.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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