Tobias Leich > SDL-2.544 > SDL::Mixer

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NAME ^

SDL::Mixer - Sound and music functions

CATEGORY ^

Mixer

CONSTANTS ^

The constants are exported by default. You can avoid this by doing:

 use SDL::Mixer ();

and access them directly:

 SDL::Mixer::MIX_DEFAULT_FREQUENCY;

or by choosing the export tags below:

Export tag: ':init'

 MIX_INIT_FLAC
 MIX_INIT_MOD
 MIX_INIT_MP3
 MIX_INIT_OGG

Export tag: ':defaults'

 MIX_CHANNELS
 MIX_DEFAULT_FORMAT
 MIX_DEFAULT_FREQUENCY
 MIX_DEFAULT_CHANNELS
 MIX_MAX_VOLUME
 MIX_CHANNEL_POST

Export tag: ':fading'

 MIX_NO_FADING
 MIX_FADING_OUT
 MIX_FADING_IN

Export tag: ':type'

 MUS_NONE
 MUS_CMD
 MUS_WAV
 MUS_MOD
 MUS_MID
 MUS_OGG
 MUS_MP3
 MUS_MP3_MAD
 MUS_MP3_FLAC

Export tag: ':format'

 AUDIO_U8
 AUDIO_S8
 AUDIO_U16LSB
 AUDIO_S16LSB
 AUDIO_U16MSB
 AUDIO_S16MSB
 AUDIO_U16
 AUDIO_S16 
 AUDIO_U16SYS
 AUDIO_S16SYS

Export tag: ':status'

 SDL_AUDIO_STOPPED
 SDL_AUDIO_PLAYING
 SDL_AUDIO_PAUSED

DESCRIPTION ^

SDL::Mixer allows you to enable sound, alter music volume settings, and lets you play, pause and resume, as well as fading the sound and music in and out.

Supported Formats

The SDL Mixer library is a multi-channel audio mixer. It supports 8 channels of 16 bit stereo audio, and a single channel for music.

You can use the channels to load samples (i.e. sound effects) in the following formats:

If you use MIDI, you should note that the process of mixing MIDI files to wave output is very CPU-intensive, so if playing regular WAVE files sound great, but playing MIDI files sound choppy, try using 8-bit audio, mono audio, or lower frequencies.

The music channel can play the following formats:

METHODS ^

init

 my $init_flags = SDL::Mixer::init( $flags );

Loads dynamic libraries and prepares them for use. Flags should be one or more flags from init flags OR'd together. It returns the flags successfully initialized, or 0 on failure.

Example:

 use SDL::Mixer;
 
 my $init_flags = SDL::Mixer::init( MIX_INIT_MP3 | MIX_INIT_MOD | MIX_INIT_FLAC | MIX_INIT_OGG );
 
 print("We have MP3 support!\n")  if $init_flags & MIX_INIT_MP3;
 print("We have MOD support!\n")  if $init_flags & MIX_INIT_MOD;
 print("We have FLAC support!\n") if $init_flags & MIX_INIT_FLAC;
 print("We have OGG support!\n")  if $init_flags & MIX_INIT_OGG;

Flags:

Note: Only available for SDL_mixer >= 1.2.10

quit

 SDL::Mixer::quit();

This function unloads the libraries previously loaded with init().

Note: Only available for SDL_mixer >= 1.2.10

linked_version

 $version = SDL::Mixer::linked_version();

linked_version gives you the major-, minor-, and patchlevel for SDL_mixer. This way you can check if e.g. init() and quit() are available.

Example:

 use SDL::Mixer;
 use SDL::Version;
 
 my $version = SDL::Mixer::linked_version();

 printf("%d.%d.%d\n", $version->major, $version->minor, $version->patch); # prints "1.2.8" for me

open_audio

 my $audio_opened = SDL::Mixer::open_audio( $frequency, $format, $channels, $chunksize );

open_audio will initialize SDL_mixer if it is not yet initialized, see note. SDL_mixer may not be able to provide the exact specifications your provided, however it will automatically translate between the expected format and the real one. You can retrieve the real format using query_spec.

Returns 0 on success, -1 on error.

Note: You must not use AUDIO_S16, AUDIO_U16, AUDIO_S16LSB, or AUDIO_U16LSB. They are not portable, and SDL will not return an error code when they fail. The result will be a horrible staticy noise. You can usually use AUDIO_S16SYS, though not always. Future versions of SDL should take this parameter only as a hint, then read back the value that the OS (for example, OSS or ALSA) has chosen to use in case the desired audio type is not supported.

Note: When already initialized, this function will not re-initialize SDL_mixer, nor fail. It will merely increment the number of times SDL::Mixer::close_audio must be called to actually get it to uninitialize. This serves as a very simplistic method for multiple application components to use SDL_mixer without necessitating a great deal of inter-component awareness. Be warned however that in such a situation, the latest components to initialize SDL_mixer will probably not get the SDL_mixer settings they're expecting.

Example:

 use SDL;
 use SDL::Mixer;
 
 printf("Error initializing SDL_mixer: %s\n", SDL::get_error()) unless SDL::Mixer::open_audio(44100, AUDIO_S16, 2, 1024) == 0;

close_audio

 SDL::Mixer::close_audio();

Close the mixer and halting all playing audio. This function does not return anything.

query_spec

 my @query_spec = @{ SDL::Mixer::query_spec() };

Find out what the actual audio device parameters are. This function returns 1 as first array element (status) if the audio has been opened, 0 otherwise.

Example:

 use SDL::Mixer;
 
 my ($status, $freq, $format, $channels) = @{ SDL::Mixer::query_spec() };
 
 printf("%s, %s, %s, %s\n", $status, $freq, $format, $channels);

SEE ALSO ^

perl, SDL::Mixer::Channels, SDL::Mixer::Effects, SDL::Mixer::Groups, SDL::Mixer::Music.

AUTHORS ^

See "AUTHORS" in SDL.

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