Daniel Gempesaw > Selenium-Remote-Driver-0.2202 > Selenium::Remote::Driver

Download:
Selenium-Remote-Driver-0.2202.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 0.2202   Source  

NAME ^

Selenium::Remote::Driver - Perl Client for Selenium Remote Driver

VERSION ^

version 0.2202

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Selenium::Remote::Driver;

    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new;
    $driver->get('http://www.google.com');
    print $driver->get_title();
    $driver->quit();

DESCRIPTION ^

Selenium is a test tool that allows you to write automated web application UI tests in any programming language against any HTTP website using any mainstream JavaScript-enabled browser. This module is an implementation of the client for the Remote driver that Selenium provides. You can find bindings for other languages at this location:

http://code.google.com/p/selenium/

This module sends commands directly to the Server using HTTP. Using this module together with the Selenium Server, you can automatically control any supported browser. To use this module, you need to have already downloaded and started the Selenium Server (Selenium Server is a Java application).

USAGE (read this first) ^

Remote Driver Response

Selenium::Remote::Driver uses the JsonWireProtocol to communicate with the Selenium Server. If an error occurs while executing the command then the server sends back an HTTP error code with a JSON encoded reponse that indicates the precise Response Error Code. The module will then croak with the error message associated with this code. If no error occurred, then the subroutine called will return the value sent back from the server (if a return value was sent).

So a rule of thumb while invoking methods on the driver is if the method did not croak when called, then you can safely assume the command was successful even if nothing was returned by the method.

WebElement

Selenium Webdriver represents all the HTML elements as WebElement, which is in turn represented by Selenium::Remote::WebElement module. So any method that deals with WebElements will return and/or expect WebElement object. The POD for that module describes all the methods that perform various actions on the WebElements like click, submit etc.

To interact with any WebElement you have to first "find" it, read the POD for find_element or find_elements for further info. Once you find the required element then you can perform various actions. If you don't call find_* method first, all your further actions will fail for that element. Finally, just remember that you don't have to instantiate WebElement objects at all - they will be automatically created when you use the find_* methods.

A sub-class of Selenium::Remote::WebElement may be used instead of Selenium::Remote::WebElement, by providing that class name as an option the constructor:

   my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new( webelement_class => ... );

For example, a testing-subclass may extend the web-element object with testing methods.

TESTING ^

If are writing automated tests using this module, make sure you also see Test::Selenium::Remote::Driver which is also included in this distribution. It includes convenience testing methods for many of the selenum methods available here.

FUNCTIONS ^

new

 Description:
    Constructor for Driver. It'll instantiate the object if it can communicate
    with the Selenium Webdriver server.

 Input: (all optional)
    Desired capabilities - HASH - Following options are accepted:
      Optional:
        'remote_server_addr'   - <string>   - IP or FQDN of the Webdriver server machine
        'port'                 - <string>   - Port on which the Webdriver server is listening
        'browser_name'         - <string>   - desired browser string: {phantomjs|firefox|internet explorer|htmlunit|iphone|chrome}
        'version'              - <string>   - desired browser version number
        'platform'             - <string>   - desired platform: {WINDOWS|XP|VISTA|MAC|LINUX|UNIX|ANY}
        'javascript'           - <boolean>  - whether javascript should be supported
        'accept_ssl_certs'     - <boolean>  - whether SSL certs should be accepted, default is true.
        'firefox_profile'      - Profile    - Use S::R::D::Firefox::Profile to create a Firefox profile for the browser to use
        'proxy'                - HASH       - Proxy configuration with the following keys:
            'proxyType' - <string> - REQUIRED, Possible values are:
                direct     - A direct connection - no proxy in use,
                manual     - Manual proxy settings configured, e.g. setting a proxy for HTTP, a proxy for FTP, etc,
                pac        - Proxy autoconfiguration from a URL,
                autodetect - proxy autodetection, probably with WPAD,
                system     - Use system settings
            'proxyAutoconfigUrl' - <string> - REQUIRED if proxyType is 'pac', ignored otherwise. Expected format: http://hostname.com:1234/pacfile.
            'ftpProxy'           - <string> - OPTIONAL, ignored if proxyType is not 'manual'. Expected format: hostname.com:1234
            'httpProxy'          - <string> - OPTIONAL, ignored if proxyType is not 'manual'. Expected format: hostname.com:1234
            'sslProxy'           - <string> - OPTIONAL, ignored if proxyType is not 'manual'. Expected format: hostname.com:1234
        'extra_capabilities'   - HASH       - Any other extra capabilities

    You can also specify some options in the constructor hash that are
    not part of the browser-related desired capabilities. These items
    are also optional.

        'auto_close'           - <boolean>  - whether driver should end session on remote server on close.
        'base_url'             - <string>   - OPTIONAL, base url for the website Selenium acts on. This can save you from repeating the domain in every call to $driver->get()
        'default_finder'       - <string>   - choose default finder used for find_element* {class|class_name|css|id|link|link_text|name|partial_link_text|tag_name|xpath}
        'inner_window_size'    - <aref[Int]>- An array ref [ height, width ] that the browser window should use as its initial size immediately after instantiation
        'webelement_class'     - <string>   - sub-class of Selenium::Remote::WebElement if you wish to use an alternate WebElement class.
        'ua'                   - LWP::UserAgent instance - if you wish to use a specific $ua, like from Test::LWP::UserAgent

    If no values are provided, then these defaults will be assumed:
        'remote_server_addr' => 'localhost'
        'port'               => '4444'
        'browser_name'       => 'firefox'
        'version'            => ''
        'platform'           => 'ANY'
        'javascript'         => 1
        'auto_close'         => 1
        'default_finder'     => 'xpath'

 Output:
    Remote Driver object

 Usage:
    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new;
    or
    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new('browser_name' => 'firefox',
                                               'platform'     => 'MAC');
    or
    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new('remote_server_addr' => '10.10.1.1',
                                               'port'               => '2222',
                                               'auto_close'         => 0);
    or
    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new('browser_name' =>'chrome'
                                               'extra_capabilities' => {
                                                   'chromeOptions' => {
                                                       'args'  => [
                                                           'window-size=1260,960',
                                                           'incognito'
                                                       ],
                                                       'prefs' => {
                                                           'session' => {
                                                               'restore_on_startup' => 4,
                                                               'urls_to_restore_on_startup' => [
                                                                   'http://www.google.com',
                                                                   'http://docs.seleniumhq.org'
                                                               ]},
                                                           'first_run_tabs' => [
                                                               'http://www.google.com',
                                                               'http://docs.seleniumhq.org'
                                                           ]
                                                       }
                                                   }
                                               });
    or
    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new('proxy' => {'proxyType' => 'manual', 'httpProxy' => 'myproxy.com:1234'});
    or
    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new('default_finder' => 'css');

new_from_caps

 Description:

    For experienced users who want complete control over the desired
    capabilities, use this alternative constructor along with the
    C<desired_capabilities> hash key in the init hash. Unlike "new",
    this constructor will not assume any defaults for your desired
    capabilities.

    This alternate constructor IGNORES all other browser-related
    desiredCapability options; the only options that will be respected
    are those that are NOT part of the Capabilities JSON Object as
    described in the Json Wire Protocol.

 Input:
    The only respected keys in the input hash are:

        desired_capabilities - HASHREF - defaults to {}
        remote_server_addr   - STRING  - defaults to localhost
        port                 - INTEGER - defaults to 4444
        default_finder       - STRING  - defaults to xpath
        webelement_class     - STRING  - defaults to Selenium::Remote::WebElement
        auto_close           - BOOLEAN - defaults to 1

    Except for C<desired_capabilities>, these keys perform exactly the
    same as listed in the regular "new" constructor.

    The hashref you pass in as desired_capabilities only gets json
    encoded before being passed to the Selenium server; no default
    options of any sort will be added.

    This means you must handle normalization and casing of the input
    options (like "browser_name" vs "browserName") and take care of
    things like encoding the firefox profile if applicable. More
    information about the desired capabilities object is available on
    the Selenium wiki:

    https://code.google.com/p/selenium/wiki/JsonWireProtocol#Capabilities_JSON_Object

 Output:
    Remote Driver object

 Usage:
    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new_from_caps(
        'desired_capabilities' => {'browserName' => 'firefox'}
    );

    The above would generate a POST to the webdriver server at
    localhost:4444 with the exact payload of '{"desiredCapabilities":
    {"browserName": "firefox" }}'.

debug_on

  Description:
    Turns on debugging mode and the driver will print extra info like request
    and response to stdout. Useful, when you want to see what is being sent to
    the server & what response you are getting back.

  Usage:
    $driver->debug_on;

debug_off

  Description:
    Turns off the debugging mode.

  Usage:
    $driver->debug_off;

get_sessions

  Description:
    Returns a list of the currently active sessions. Each session will be
    returned as an array of Hashes with the following keys:

    'id' : The session ID
    'capabilities: An object describing session's capabilities

  Output:
    Array of Hashes

  Usage:
    print Dumper $driver->get_sessions();

status

  Description:
    Query the server's current status. All server implementations
    should return two basic objects describing the server's current
    platform and when the server was built.

  Output:
    Hash ref

  Usage:
    print Dumper $driver->status;

get_alert_text

 Description:
    Gets the text of the currently displayed JavaScript alert(), confirm()
    or prompt() dialog.

 Example
    my $string = $driver->get_alert_text;

send_keys_to_active_element

 Description:
    Send a sequence of key strokes to the active element. This command is
    similar to the send keys command in every aspect except the implicit
    termination: The modifiers are not released at the end of the call.
    Rather, the state of the modifier keys is kept between calls, so mouse
    interactions can be performed while modifier keys are depressed.

 Input: 1
    Required:
        {ARRAY | STRING} - Array of strings or a string.

 Usage:
    $driver->send_keys_to_active_element('abcd', 'efg');
    $driver->send_keys_to_active_element('hijk');

    or

    # include the WDKeys module
    use Selenium::Remote::WDKeys;
    .
    .
    $driver->send_keys_to_active_element(KEYS->{'space'}, KEYS->{'enter'});

send_keys_to_alert

Synonymous with send_keys_to_prompt

send_keys_to_prompt

 Description:
    Sends keystrokes to a JavaScript prompt() dialog.

 Input:
    {string} keys to send

 Example:
    $driver->send_keys_to_prompt('hello world');
  or
    ok($driver->get_alert_text eq 'Please Input your name','prompt appears');
    $driver->send_keys_to_alert("Larry Wall");
    $driver->accept_alert;

accept_alert

 Description:
    Accepts the currently displayed alert dialog.  Usually, this is
    equivalent to clicking the 'OK' button in the dialog.

 Example:
    $driver->accept_alert;

dismiss_alert

 Description:
    Dismisses the currently displayed alert dialog. For comfirm()
    and prompt() dialogs, this is equivalent to clicking the
    'Cancel' button. For alert() dialogs, this is equivalent to
    clicking the 'OK' button.

 Example:
    $driver->dismiss_alert;

mouse_move_to_location

 Description:
    Move the mouse by an offset of the specificed element. If no
    element is specified, the move is relative to the current mouse
    cursor. If an element is provided but no offset, the mouse will be
    moved to the center of the element. If the element is not visible,
    it will be scrolled into view.

 Output:
    STRING -

 Usage:
    # element - the element to move to. If not specified or is null, the offset is relative to current position of the mouse.
    # xoffset - X offset to move to, relative to the top-left corner of the element. If not specified, the mouse will move to the middle of the element.
    # yoffset - Y offset to move to, relative to the top-left corner of the element. If not specified, the mouse will move to the middle of the element.

    print $driver->mouse_move_to_location(element => e, xoffset => x, yoffset => y);

move_to

Synonymous with mouse_move_to_location

get_capabilities

 Description:
    Retrieve the capabilities of the specified session.

 Output:
    HASH of all the capabilities.

 Usage:
    my $capab = $driver->get_capabilities();
    print Dumper($capab);

set_timeout

 Description:
    Configure the amount of time that a particular type of operation can execute
    for before they are aborted and a |Timeout| error is returned to the client.

 Input:
    type - <STRING> - The type of operation to set the timeout for.
                      Valid values are:
                      "script"    : for script timeouts,
                      "implicit"  : for modifying the implicit wait timeout
                      "page load" : for setting a page load timeout.
    ms - <NUMBER> - The amount of time, in milliseconds, that time-limited
            commands are permitted to run.

 Usage:
    $driver->set_timeout('script', 1000);

set_async_script_timeout

 Description:
    Set the amount of time, in milliseconds, that asynchronous scripts executed
    by execute_async_script() are permitted to run before they are
    aborted and a |Timeout| error is returned to the client.

 Input:
    ms - <NUMBER> - The amount of time, in milliseconds, that time-limited
            commands are permitted to run.

 Usage:
    $driver->set_async_script_timeout(1000);

set_implicit_wait_timeout

 Description:
    Set the amount of time the driver should wait when searching for elements.
    When searching for a single element, the driver will poll the page until
    an element is found or the timeout expires, whichever occurs first.
    When searching for multiple elements, the driver should poll the page until
    at least one element is found or the timeout expires, at which point it
    will return an empty list. If this method is never called, the driver will
    default to an implicit wait of 0ms.

 Input:
    Time in milliseconds.

 Output:
    Server Response Hash with no data returned back from the server.

 Usage:
    $driver->set_implicit_wait_timeout(10);

pause

 Description:
    Pause execution for a specified interval of milliseconds.

 Usage:
    $driver->pause(10000);  # 10 second delay
    $driver->pause();       #  1 second delay default

close

 Description:
    Close the current window.

 Usage:
    $driver->close();
 or
    #close a popup window
    my $handles = $driver->get_window_handles;
    $driver->switch_to_window($handles->[1]);
    $driver->close();
    $driver->switch_to_window($handles->[0]);

quit

 Description:
    Delete the session & close open browsers.

 Usage:
    $driver->quit();

get_current_window_handle

 Description:
    Retrieve the current window handle.

 Output:
    STRING - the window handle

 Usage:
    print $driver->get_current_window_handle();

get_window_handles

 Description:
    Retrieve the list of window handles used in the session.

 Output:
    ARRAY of STRING - list of the window handles

 Usage:
    print Dumper $driver->get_window_handles;
 or
    # get popup, close, then back
    my $handles = $driver->get_window_handles;
    $driver->switch_to_window($handles->[1]);
    $driver->close;
    $driver->switch_to_window($handles->[0]);

get_window_size

 Description:
    Retrieve the window size

 Input:
    STRING - <optional> - window handle (default is 'current' window)

 Output:
    HASH - containing keys 'height' & 'width'

 Usage:
    my $window_size = $driver->get_window_size();
    print $window_size->{'height'}, $window_size->('width');

get_window_position

 Description:
    Retrieve the window position

 Input:
    STRING - <optional> - window handle (default is 'current' window)

 Output:
    HASH - containing keys 'x' & 'y'

 Usage:
    my $window_size = $driver->get_window_position();
    print $window_size->{'x'}, $window_size->('y');

get_current_url

 Description:
    Retrieve the url of the current page

 Output:
    STRING - url

 Usage:
    print $driver->get_current_url();

navigate

 Description:
    Navigate to a given url. This is same as get() method.

 Input:
    STRING - url

 Usage:
    $driver->navigate('http://www.google.com');

get

 Description:
    Navigate to a given url

 Input:
    STRING - url

 Usage:
    $driver->get('http://www.google.com');

get_title

 Description:
    Get the current page title

 Output:
    STRING - Page title

 Usage:
    print $driver->get_title();

go_back

 Description:
    Equivalent to hitting the back button on the browser.

 Usage:
    $driver->go_back();

go_forward

 Description:
    Equivalent to hitting the forward button on the browser.

 Usage:
    $driver->go_forward();

refresh

 Description:
    Reload the current page.

 Usage:
    $driver->refresh();

javascript

 Description:
    returns true if javascript is enabled in the driver.

 Usage:
    if ($driver->has_javascript) { ...; }

execute_async_script

 Description:
    Inject a snippet of JavaScript into the page for execution in the context
    of the currently selected frame. The executed script is assumed to be
    asynchronous and must signal that is done by invoking the provided
    callback, which is always provided as the final argument to the function.
    The value to this callback will be returned to the client.

    Asynchronous script commands may not span page loads. If an unload event
    is fired while waiting for a script result, an error should be returned
    to the client.

 Input: 2 (1 optional)
    Required:
        STRING - Javascript to execute on the page
    Optional:
        ARRAY - list of arguments that need to be passed to the script.

 Output:
    {*} - Varied, depending on the type of result expected back from the script.

 Usage:
    my $script = q{
        var arg1 = arguments[0];
        var callback = arguments[arguments.length-1];
        var elem = window.document.findElementById(arg1);
        callback(elem);
    };
    my $elem = $driver->execute_async_script($script,'myid');
    $elem->click;

execute_script

 Description:
    Inject a snippet of JavaScript into the page and return its result.
    WebElements that should be passed to the script as an argument should be
    specified in the arguments array as WebElement object. Likewise,
    any WebElements in the script result will be returned as WebElement object.

 Input: 2 (1 optional)
    Required:
        STRING - Javascript to execute on the page
    Optional:
        ARRAY - list of arguments that need to be passed to the script.

 Output:
    {*} - Varied, depending on the type of result expected back from the script.

 Usage:
    my $script = q{
        var arg1 = arguments[0];
        var elem = window.document.findElementById(arg1);
        return elem;
    };
    my $elem = $driver->execute_script($script,'myid');
    $elem->click;

screenshot

 Description:
    Get a screenshot of the current page as a base64 encoded image.

 Output:
    STRING - base64 encoded image

 Usage:
    print $driver->screenshot();

To conveniently write the screenshot to a file, see capture_screenshot().

capture_screenshot

 Description:
    Capture a screenshot and save as a PNG to provided file name.
    (The method is compatible with the WWW::Selenium method fo the same name)

 Output:
    TRUE - (Screenshot is written to file)

 Usage:
    $driver->capture_screenshot($filename);

available_engines

 Description:
    List all available engines on the machine. To use an engine, it has to be present in this list.

 Output:
    {Array.<string>} A list of available engines

 Usage:
    print Dumper $driver->available_engines;

switch_to_frame

 Description:
    Change focus to another frame on the page. If the frame ID is null, the
    server will switch to the page's default content. You can also switch to a
    WebElement, for e.g. you can find an iframe using find_element & then
    provide that as an input to this method. Also see e.g.

 Input: 1
    Required:
        {STRING | NUMBER | NULL | WebElement} - ID of the frame which can be one of the three
                                   mentioned.

 Usage:
    $driver->switch_to_frame('frame_1');
    or
    $driver->switch_to_frame($driver->find_element('iframe', 'tag_name'));

switch_to_window

 Description:
    Change focus to another window. The window to change focus to may
    be specified by its server assigned window handle, or by the value
    of the page's window.name attribute.

    If you wish to use the window name as the target, you'll need to
    have set C<window.name> on the page either in app code or via
    L</execute_script>, or pass a name as the second argument to the
    C<window.open()> function when opening the new window. Note that
    the window name used here has nothing to do with the window title,
    or the C<< <title> >> element on the page.

    Otherwise, use L</get_window_handles> and select a
    Webdriver-generated handle from the output of that function.

 Input: 1
    Required:
        STRING - Window handle or the Window name

 Usage:
    $driver->switch_to_window('MY Homepage');
 or
    # close a popup window and switch back
    my $handles = $driver->get_window_handles;
    $driver->switch_to_window($handles->[1]);
    $driver->close;
    $driver->switch_to_window($handles->[0]);

get_speed

 Description:
    DEPRECATED - this function is a no-op in Webdriver, and will be
    removed in the upcoming version of this module. See
    https://groups.google.com/d/topic/selenium-users/oX0ZnYFPuSA/discussion
    and
    http://code.google.com/p/selenium/source/browse/trunk/java/client/src/org/openqa/selenium/WebDriverCommandProcessor.java

set_speed

 Description:
    DEPRECATED - this function is a no-op in Webdriver, and will be
    removed in the upcoming version of this module. See
    https://groups.google.com/d/topic/selenium-users/oX0ZnYFPuSA/discussion
    and
    http://code.google.com/p/selenium/source/browse/trunk/java/client/src/org/openqa/selenium/WebDriverCommandProcessor.java

set_window_position

 Description:
    Set the position (on screen) where you want your browser to be displayed.

 Input:
    INT - x co-ordinate
    INT - y co-ordinate
    STRING - <optional> - window handle (default is 'current' window)

 Output:
    BOOLEAN - Success or failure

 Usage:
    $driver->set_window_position(50, 50);

set_window_size

 Description:
    Set the size of the browser window

 Input:
    INT - height of the window
    INT - width of the window
    STRING - <optional> - window handle (default is 'current' window)

 Output:
    BOOLEAN - Success or failure

 Usage:
    $driver->set_window_size(640, 480);

maximize_window

 Description:
    Maximizes the browser window

 Input:
    STRING - <optional> - window handle (default is 'current' window)

 Output:
    BOOLEAN - Success or failure

 Usage:
    $driver->maximize_window();

get_all_cookies

 Description:
    Retrieve all cookies visible to the current page. Each cookie will be
    returned as a HASH reference with the following keys & their value types:

    'name' - STRING
    'value' - STRING
    'path' - STRING
    'domain' - STRING
    'secure' - BOOLEAN

 Output:
    ARRAY of HASHES - list of all the cookie hashes

 Usage:
    print Dumper($driver->get_all_cookies());

add_cookie

 Description:
    Set a cookie on the domain.

 Input: 5 (1 optional)
    Required:
        'name' - STRING
        'value' - STRING
        'path' - STRING
        'domain' - STRING
    Optional:
        'secure' - BOOLEAN - default is false.

 Usage:
    $driver->add_cookie('foo', 'bar', '/', '.google.com', 0)

delete_all_cookies

 Description:
    Delete all cookies visible to the current page.

 Usage:
    $driver->delete_all_cookies();

delete_cookie_named

 Description:
    Delete the cookie with the given name. This command will be a no-op if there
    is no such cookie visible to the current page.

 Input: 1
    Required:
        STRING - name of cookie to delete

 Usage:
    $driver->delete_cookie_named('foo');

get_page_source

 Description:
    Get the current page source.

 Output:
    STRING - The page source.

 Usage:
    print $driver->get_page_source();

find_element

 Description:
    Search for an element on the page, starting from the document root. The
    located element will be returned as a WebElement object.

 Input: 2 (1 optional)
    Required:
        STRING - The search target.
    Optional:
        STRING - Locator scheme to use to search the element, available schemes:
                 {class, class_name, css, id, link, link_text, partial_link_text,
                  tag_name, name, xpath}
                 Defaults to 'xpath' if not configured global during instantiation.

 Output:
    Selenium::Remote::WebElement - WebElement Object
        (This could be a subclass of L<Selenium::Remote::WebElement> if C<webelement_class> was set.

 Usage:
    $driver->find_element("//input[\@name='q']");

find_elements

 Description:
    Search for multiple elements on the page, starting from the document root.
    The located elements will be returned as an array of WebElement object.

 Input: 2 (1 optional)
    Required:
        STRING - The search target.
    Optional:
        STRING - Locator scheme to use to search the element, available schemes:
                 {class, class_name, css, id, link, link_text, partial_link_text,
                  tag_name, name, xpath}
                 Defaults to 'xpath' if not configured global during instantiation.

 Output:
    ARRAY or ARRAYREF of WebElement Objects

 Usage:
    $driver->find_elements("//input");

find_child_element

 Description:
    Search for an element on the page, starting from the identified element. The
    located element will be returned as a WebElement object.

 Input: 3 (1 optional)
    Required:
        Selenium::Remote::WebElement - WebElement object from where you want to
                                       start searching.
        STRING - The search target. (Do not use a double whack('//')
                 in an xpath to search for a child element
                 ex: '//option[@id="something"]'
                 instead use a dot whack ('./')
                 ex: './option[@id="something"]')
    Optional:
        STRING - Locator scheme to use to search the element, available schemes:
                 {class, class_name, css, id, link, link_text, partial_link_text,
                  tag_name, name, xpath}
                 Defaults to 'xpath' if not configured global during instantiation.

 Output:
    WebElement Object

 Usage:
    my $elem1 = $driver->find_element("//select[\@name='ned']");
    # note the usage of ./ when searching for a child element instead of //
    my $child = $driver->find_child_element($elem1, "./option[\@value='es_ar']");

find_child_elements

 Description:
    Search for multiple element on the page, starting from the identified
    element. The located elements will be returned as an array of WebElement
    objects.

 Input: 3 (1 optional)
    Required:
        Selenium::Remote::WebElement - WebElement object from where you want to
                                       start searching.
        STRING - The search target.
    Optional:
        STRING - Locator scheme to use to search the element, available schemes:
                 {class, class_name, css, id, link, link_text, partial_link_text,
                  tag_name, name, xpath}
                 Defaults to 'xpath' if not configured global during instantiation.

 Output:
    ARRAY of WebElement Objects.

 Usage:
    my $elem1 = $driver->find_element("//select[\@name='ned']");
    my $child = $driver->find_child_elements($elem1, "//option");

get_active_element

 Description:
    Get the element on the page that currently has focus.. The located element
    will be returned as a WebElement object.

 Output:
    WebElement Object

 Usage:
    $driver->get_active_element();

send_modifier

 Description:
    Send an event to the active element to depress or release a modifier key.

 Input: 2
    Required:
      value - String - The modifier key event to be sent. This key must be one 'Ctrl','Shift','Alt',' or 'Command'/'Meta' as defined by the send keys command
      isdown - Boolean/String - Whether to generate a key down or key up

 Usage:
    $driver->send_modifier('Alt','down');
    $elem->send_keys('c');
    $driver->send_modifier('Alt','up');

    or

    $driver->send_modifier('Alt',1);
    $elem->send_keys('c');
    $driver->send_modifier('Alt',0);

compare_elements

 Description:
    Test if two element IDs refer to the same DOM element.

 Input: 2
    Required:
        Selenium::Remote::WebElement - WebElement Object
        Selenium::Remote::WebElement - WebElement Object

 Output:
    BOOLEAN

 Usage:
    $driver->compare_elements($elem_obj1, $elem_obj2);

click

 Description:
    Click any mouse button (at the coordinates set by the last moveto command).

 Input:
    button - any one of 'LEFT'/0 'MIDDLE'/1 'RIGHT'/2
             defaults to 'LEFT'

 Usage:
    $driver->click('LEFT');
    $driver->click(1); #MIDDLE
    $driver->click('RIGHT');
    $driver->click;  #Defaults to left

double_click

 Description:
    Double-clicks at the current mouse coordinates (set by moveto).

 Usage:
    $driver->double_click;

button_down

 Description:
    Click and hold the left mouse button (at the coordinates set by the
    last moveto command). Note that the next mouse-related command that
    should follow is buttonup . Any other mouse command (such as click
    or another call to buttondown) will yield undefined behaviour.

 Usage:
    $self->button_down;

button_up

 Description:
    Releases the mouse button previously held (where the mouse is
    currently at). Must be called once for every buttondown command
    issued. See the note in click and buttondown about implications of
    out-of-order commands.

 Usage:
    $self->button_up;

upload_file

 Description:
    Upload a file from the local machine to the selenium server
    machine. That file then can be used for testing file upload on web
    forms. Returns the remote-server's path to the file.

 Usage:
    my $remote_fname = $driver->upload_file( $fname );
    my $element = $driver->find_element( '//input[@id="file"]' );
    $element->send_keys( $remote_fname );

get_text

 Description:
    Get the text of a particular element. Wrapper around L<find_element()>

 Usage:
    $text = $driver->get_text("//div[\@name='q']");

get_body

 Description:
    Get the current text for the whole body. If you want the entire raw HTML instead,
    See L<get_page_source>.

 Usage:
    $body_text = $driver->get_body();

get_path

 Description:
     Get the path part of the current browser location.

 Usage:
     $path = $driver->get_path();

get_user_agent

 Description:
    Convenience method to get the user agent string, according to the
    browser's value for window.navigator.userAgent.

 Usage:
    $user_agent = $driver->get_user_agent()

set_inner_window_size

 Description:
     Set the inner window size by closing the current window and
     reopening the current page in a new window. This can be useful
     when using browsers to mock as mobile devices.

     This sub will be fired automatically if you set the
     C<inner_window_size> hash key option during instantiation.

 Input:
     INT - height of the window
     INT - width of the window

 Output:
     BOOLEAN - Success or failure

 Usage:
     $driver->set_inner_window_size(640, 480)

get_local_storage_item

 Description:
     Get the value of a local storage item specified by the given key.

 Input: 1
    Required:
        STRING - name of the key to be retrieved

 Output:
     STRING - value of the local storage item

 Usage:
     $driver->get_local_storage_item('key')

delete_local_storage_item

 Description:
     Get the value of a local storage item specified by the given key.

 Input: 1
    Required
        STRING - name of the key to be deleted

 Usage:
     $driver->delete_local_storage_item('key')

SEE ALSO ^

Please see those modules/websites for more information related to this module.

BUGS ^

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website https://github.com/gempesaw/Selenium-Remote-Driver/issues

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.

AUTHORS ^

CONTRIBUTORS ^

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (c) 2010-2011 Aditya Ivaturi, Gordon Child

Copyright (c) 2014 Daniel Gempesaw

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

syntax highlighting: