藤 吾郎 > Ruby-0.01 > Ruby

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Module Version: 0.01   Source   Latest Release: Ruby-0.07

NAME ^

Ruby - Perl interface to Ruby interpreter

SYNOPSIS ^

        use Ruby
                ':DEFAULT',

                -require  => 'complex',     # load Ruby's library
                             'digest/md5',  # load Ruby's extention

                -function => 'Rational',    # import Ruby's function

                -class    => qw(GC Object), # import Ruby's classes
                -module   => qw(Kernel),    # synonym for -class

                -variable => ['$!' => '$rb_errinfo'],    # $! as $rb_errinfo
                -function => ['String' => 's'],          # String() as &s()
                -class    => ['Config' => 'RubyConfig'], # Config as RubyConfig

                -literal  => 'all',   # literals are overloaded
                -no_literal => 'all',

                -autobox,             # literals are autoboxed
                -no_autobox,

                -eval => <<'EOR', # eval and import 'add()', 'MyObject'
                        def add(x,y)
                                x.to_f + x.to_f
                        end

                        class MyObject
                                def my_method
                                        "OK"
                                end
                        end
        EOR
        ;
        use Ruby -all; # -function => ':DEFAULT' && -class => ':ALL' && -literal

        p($Ruby::Version); # => "1.8.6", for example

        p(add(1, 2));           # => 3.0
        p(MyObject->my_method); # => "OK"

        rb_eval(<<'EOS', __PACKAGE__);

                p __PACKAGE__; # => "main"

                Perl::eval("use LWP::Simple");

                # should be Perl's string
                uri = Perl.String("http://www.ruby-lang.org/");
                getprint(uri); # call &LWP::Simple::getprint()
        EOS

        use Ruby -literal;
        # String/Integer/Float are overloaded

        p "foo"->class; # String

        p ref("foo"); # "Ruby::Object"

        10->times(sub{ p @_ });

        p "foo"->upcase;

        use Ruby -autobox;

        [qw(foo bar baz)]->each(sub{ p @_ });

DESCRIPTION ^

This module provides an interface to a ruby interpreter that is installed in your machine.

IMPORT COMMAND ^

-function => functions =item -variable => global_variables

Imports functions and/or global_variables.

-variable is a synonym for -funcion.

-class => classes =item -module => modules

Installs classes and/or modules of Ruby.

-module is a synonym for class.

-all

Does -function => ':DEFAULT', -class => ':ALL', -literal.

-require => libraries

Loads libraries at the compile time.

-eval => source_code

Evals source_code, and imports the classes and functions that are defined in source_code.

-base => base_class

Sets up the is-a relationship with base_class, like base.pm.

-literal => [ 'all' | 'string' | 'numeric' | 'integer' | 'float' ] =item -no_literal

Enables/Disables literal overloading.

-autobox =item -no_autobox

Enables/Disables literal autoboxing.

INTERPRETER FEATURE ^

Constants

These are imported by default.

true
false
nil

Functions

These are imported by default.

rb_eval(source [, package [, file [, line]]])

Evals source as Ruby code.

If package is suplied, those classes and functions that are defined in source are imported to package automatically.

rb_require(library)

Loads library at the run time.

p(...), puts(...)

Equivalent to ruby's p() and puts().

rubyify(perldata)

Rubyifies perldata to use some ruby-like methods.

For example:

        rubyify(\%ENV)->each(sub{
                my($key, $value) = @_;
                puts "$key=$value";
        });

These functions are importable:

rb_c(class)
rb_m(module)
rb_e(exeption)

Obtains the defined class, module or exeption object.

rb_const(constant)

Obtains the constant.

For example:

        p rb_const(RUBY_VERSION);
        p rb_const(File::Constant);# == rb_c(File::Constant)

RUBY FUNCTIONS ^

Those functions defined in Ruby interpreter are importable.

For example:

        use Ruby qw(lambda(&));

        my $lambda = lambda { ... };
        $lambda->(...);

NOTE ^

Continuation, catch/throw

Ruby's callcc and catch/throw will throw LocalJumpError.

Ruby thread

Ruby threads sometimes cause core dumps.

Perl thread

Perl threads often cause core dumps.

BUGS ^

Maybe there are a lot of bugs.

SEE ALSO ^

http://www.ruby-lang.org/

AUTHOR ^

Goro Fuji (藤 吾郎) <gfuji(at)cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) Goro Fuji. All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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