Galen Charlton > MARC-Charset-1.35 > MARC::Charset

Download:
MARC-Charset-1.35.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

CPAN RT

Open  0
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 1.35   Source  

NAME ^

MARC::Charset - convert MARC-8 encoded strings to UTF-8

SYNOPSIS ^

    # import the marc8_to_utf8 function
    use MARC::Charset 'marc8_to_utf8';
   
    # prepare STDOUT for utf8
    binmode(STDOUT, 'utf8');

    # print out some marc8 as utf8
    print marc8_to_utf8($marc8_string);

DESCRIPTION ^

MARC::Charset allows you to turn MARC-8 encoded strings into UTF-8 strings. MARC-8 is a single byte character encoding that predates unicode, and allows you to put non-Roman scripts in MARC bibliographic records.

    http://www.loc.gov/marc/specifications/spechome.html

EXPORTS ^

ignore_errors()

Tells MARC::Charset whether or not to ignore all encoding errors, and returns the current setting. This is helpful if you have records that contain both MARC8 and UNICODE characters.

    my $ignore = MARC::Charset->ignore_errors();
    
    MARC::Charset->ignore_errors(1); # ignore errors
    MARC::Charset->ignore_errors(0); # DO NOT ignore errors

assume_unicode()

Tells MARC::Charset whether or not to assume UNICODE when an error is encountered in ignore_errors mode and returns the current setting. This is helpful if you have records that contain both MARC8 and UNICODE characters.

    my $setting = MARC::Charset->assume_unicode();
    
    MARC::Charset->assume_unicode(1); # assume characters are unicode (utf-8)
    MARC::Charset->assume_unicode(0); # DO NOT assume characters are unicode

assume_encoding()

Tells MARC::Charset whether or not to assume a specific encoding when an error is encountered in ignore_errors mode and returns the current setting. This is helpful if you have records that contain both MARC8 and other characters.

    my $setting = MARC::Charset->assume_encoding();
    
    MARC::Charset->assume_encoding('cp850'); # assume characters are cp850
    MARC::Charset->assume_encoding(''); # DO NOT assume any encoding

marc8_to_utf8()

Converts a MARC-8 encoded string to UTF-8.

    my $utf8 = marc8_to_utf8($marc8);

If you'd like to ignore errors pass in a true value as the 2nd parameter or call MARC::Charset->ignore_errors() with a true value:

    my $utf8 = marc8_to_utf8($marc8, 'ignore-errors');

  or
  
    MARC::Charset->ignore_errors(1);
    my $utf8 = marc8_to_utf8($marc8);

utf8_to_marc8()

Will attempt to translate utf8 into marc8.

    my $marc8 = utf8_to_marc8($utf8);

If you'd like to ignore errors, or characters that can't be converted to marc8 then pass in a true value as the second parameter:

    my $marc8 = utf8_to_marc8($utf8, 'ignore-errors');

  or
  
    MARC::Charset->ignore_errors(1);
    my $utf8 = marc8_to_utf8($marc8);

DEFAULT CHARACTER SETS ^

If you need to alter the default character sets you can set the $MARC::Charset::DEFAULT_G0 and $MARC::Charset::DEFAULT_G1 variables to the appropriate character set code:

    use MARC::Charset::Constants qw(:all);
    $MARC::Charset::DEFAULT_G0 = BASIC_ARABIC;
    $MARC::Charset::DEFAULT_G1 = EXTENDED_ARABIC;

SEE ALSO ^

AUTHOR ^

Ed Summers (ehs@pobox.com)

syntax highlighting: