Gustavo Leite de Mendonça Chaves > Git-Hooks-0.044 > doc/user-tutorial.pod


Annotate this POD



Open  1
View/Report Bugs
Source   Latest Release: Git-Hooks-0.045


As a git user you may be interested in enabling some hooks for your local git repositories. In particular, you may be interested in guaranteeing that the same policies that are being enforced by the remote repositories you push to are enforced earlier when you commit locally.


Git::Hooks only need a single script to drive all hooks implemented by yourself or by the plugins you enable. The script I use was created like this:

    $ cat >~/bin/ <<EOF
    #!/usr/bin/env perl
    BEGIN { $ENV{GITPERLLIB} = '/usr/share/perl5' };
    use Git::Hooks;
    run_hook($0, @ARGV);
    $ chmod +x ~/bin/

Without the BEGIN block I get the following error when I use it in my Ubuntu notebook:

    $ ~/bin/
    Can't locate in @INC (@INC contains: /opt/perl/perl5/perlbrew...
    BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at /opt/perl/perl5/perlbrew/.../Git/ line 15.
    Compilation failed in require at /opt/perl/perl5/perlbrew/.../Git/ line 51.
    BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at /opt/perl/perl5/perlbrew/.../Git/ line 51.
    Compilation failed in require at /home/gustavo/bin/ line 5.
    BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at /home/gustavo/bin/ line 5.

This is because the module can't be found in my standard @INC, since I'm using a perlbrew installed Perl. If you get the same error, you must define the environment variable GITPERLLIB in a BEGIN block before the use Git::Hooks line. In Debian/Ubuntu the module is installed as </usr/share/perl5/> as part of the git package.


In order to make it easy to setup your hooks, it's useful to create a repository template for git to use when you perform a git init or a git clone.

In Ubuntu, git's standard repository template resides in /usr/share/git-core/templates. If you can't find it there, read the TEMPLATE DIRECTORY section of the git help init manual to see where is your git's default template directory.

You may customize one for you like this:

    $ cp -a /usr/share/git-core/templates ~/.git-templates
    $ cd ~/.git-templates/hooks
    $ rm *
    $ for i in commit-msg post-commit pre-commit pre-rebase
    > do ln -s ~/bin/ $i
    > done

This copies the default template directory to ~/.git-template (you may choose another directory), removes all sample hooks and creates symbolic links to the Git::Hooks driver script which we created above for four hooks: commit-msg, post-commit, pre-commit, pre-rebase. These are all the hooks I'm interested in locally. Your mileage may vary.

You must tell git to use your repository template instead of its default. The best way to do it is to configure it globally like this:

    $ git config --global init.templatedir ~/.git-templates

Now, whenever you git init or git clone a new repository, it will automatically be configured to use Git::Hooks.


By default Git::Hooks does nothing. At the least, it must be configured to enable some plugins and configure them to your taste. You should read the plugins's documentation to understand them and decide which ones you would like to enable globally and which ones you would like to enable locally for particular repositories.

Here I show my personal preferences. You can take it as a baseline from which you can make variations.

Global Configuration

This is what I have in my global git configuration (~/.gitconfig):

            plugin = CheckLog
            plugin = CheckRewrite
    [githooks "checkjira"]
            jiraurl  =
            jirauser = gustavo
            jirapass = a-very-large-and-difficult-to-crack-password
            matchlog = (?s)^\\[([^]]+)\\]
    [githooks "checklog"]
            title-max-width = 62

The only plugins I want enabled for every repository are CheckLog and CheckRewrite. The latter is simple, as it doesn't require any configuration whatsoever. With it I feel more confident to perform git commit --amend and git rebase commands knowing that I'm going to be notified in case I'm doing anything dangerous.

The CheckLog is also useful to guarantee that I'm not deviating from the common git policies regarding the commit messages. The only thing I change from the defaults is the title-max-width, because I think 50 characters is very constraining.

The section githooks "checkjira" contains some global configuration for the CheckJira plugin, which I enable only for some repositories. Since the CheckJira plugin has to connect to our JIRA server, it needs the server URL and some credentials to authenticate. The matchlog regex makes JIRA issue keys be looked for only inside a pair of brackets at the beginning of the messages title line.

Local Configuration

I enable other plugins for specific repositories, since they depend on the context in which they are developed.

At CPqD we use JIRA and Gerrit internally. So, for my work-related repositories I have this in their .git/config:

            plugin = CheckJira
            plugin = GerritChangeId
    [githooks "checkjira"]
            project = CDS

GerritChangeId doesn't require any configuration. It simply inserts a Change-Id line in the messages of all commits. These are required by Gerrit.

I use CheckJira to remind me to cite a JIRA issue in every commit message. I make two deviations from its default configuration. The project value makes it accept only issues of the CDS JIRA project.

syntax highlighting: