Gerald Richter > Embperl-2.5.0 > Embperl::Object

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NAME ^

Embperl::Object - Extents Embperl for building whole website with reusable components and objects

SYNOPSIS ^

    <Location /foo>
        EMBPERL_APPNAME     unique-name
        EMBPERL_OBJECT_BASE base.htm
        EMBPERL_URIMATCH "\.htm.?|\.epl$"
        SetHandler perl-script
        PerlHandler Embperl::Object 
        Options ExecCGI
    </Location>

DESCRIPTION ^

Embperl::Object allows you to build object-oriented (OO) websites using HTML components which implement inheritance via subdirectories. This enables elegant architectures and encourages code reuse. The use of inheritance also enables a website-wide "look and feel" to be specified in a single HTML file, which is then used as a template for every other page on the site. This template can include other modules which can be overridden in subdirectories; even the template itself can be overridden. In a nutshell, Embperl::Object makes the design of large websites much more intuitive, allowing object-oriented concepts to be utilised to the fullest while staying within the "rapid application development" model of Perl and HTML.

Embperl::Object is basicly a mod_perl handler or could be invoked offline and helps you to build a whole page out of smaller parts. Basicly it does the following:

When a request comes in, a page, which name is specified by EMBPERL_OBJECT_BASE, is searched in the same directory as the requested page. If the pages isn't found, Embperl::Object walking up the directory tree until it finds the page, or it reaches DocumentRoot or the directory specified by EMBPERL_OBJECT_STOPDIR.

This page is then called as frame for building the real page. Addtionaly Embperl::Object sets the search path to contain all directories it had to walk before finding that page. If EMBPERL_OBJECT_STOPDIR is set the path contains all directories up to the in EMBPERL_OBJECT_STOPDIR specified one.

This frame page can now include other pages, using the Embperl::Execute method. Because the search path is set by Embperl::Object the included files are searched in the directories starting at the directory of the original request walking up thru the directory which contains the base page. This means that you can have common files, like header, footer etc. in the base directory and override them as necessary in the subdirectory.

To include the original requested file, you need to call Execute with a '*' as filename. To call the the same file, but in an upper directory you can use the special shortcut ../*.

Additionally Embperl::Object sets up a inherence hierachie for you: The requested page inherit from the base page and the base page inherit from a class which could be specified by EMBPERL_OBJECT_HANDLER_CLASS, or if EMBPERL_OBJECT_HANDLER_CLASS is not set, from Embperl::Req. That allows you to define methods in base page and overwrite them as necessary in the original requested files. For this purpose a request object, which is blessed into the package of the requested page, is given as first parameter to each page (in $_[0]). Because this request object is a hashref, you can also use it to store additional data, which should be available in all components. Embperl does not use this hash itself, so you are free to store whatever you want. Methods can be ordinary Perl sub's (defined with [! sub foo { ... } !] ) or Embperl sub's (defined with [$sub foo $] .... [$endsub $]) .

Runtime configuration ^

The runtime configuration is done by setting environment variables, in your web server's configuration file. Basicly the configuration is the same as for normal Embperl. All Embperl configuration directives also applies to Embperl::Object. There are a few addtional configuration directives listed below. Addtionaly you have to set the PerlHandler to Embperl::Object when running under mod_perl or use epocgi.pl instead of embpcgi.pl when running as CGI Script.

EMBPERL_DECLINE

Perl regex which files should be ignored by Embperl::Object

EMBPERL_FILESMATCH

Perl regex which files should be processed by Embperl::Object

EMBPERL_OBJECT_BASE

Name of the base page to search for

EMBPERL_OBJECT_STOPDIR

Directory where to stop searching for the base page

EMBPERL_OBJECT_ADDPATH

Additional directories where to search for pages. Directories are separated by ; (on Unix : works also). This path is always appended to the searchpath.

EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK

If the requested file is not found the file given by EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK is displayed instead. If EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK isn't set a staus 404, NOT_FOUND is returned as usual. If the fileame given in EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK doesn't contain a path, it is searched thru the same directories as EMBPERL_OBJECT_BASE.

EMBPERL_OBJECT_HANDLER_CLASS

If you specify this call the template base and the requested page inherit all methods from this class. This class must contain Embperl::Req in his @ISA array.

EMBPERL_OBJECT_APP

Filename of the application object. The file should contain the Perl code for the application object. The must be no package name given (as the package is set by Embperl::Object), but the @ISA should point to Embperl::App. If set this file is searched through the same search path as any content file. After a successfull load the init method is called with the Embperl request object as parameter. The init method can change the parameters inside the request object to influence the current request.

The init method should return zero or a valid HTTP status code (e.g. return 302 and set the location header in %http_headers_out)

Execute ^

You can use Embperl::Object also offline. You can do this by calling the function Embperl::Object::Execute. Execute takes a hashref as argument, which can contains the same parameters as the Embperl::Execute function. Additionally you may specify the following parameters:

object_base

same as $ENV{EMBPERL_OBJECT_BASE}

object_addpath

same as $ENV{EMBPERL_OBJECT_ADDPATH}

object_stopdir

same as $ENV{EMBPERL_OBJECT_STOPDIR}

object_fallback

same as $ENV{EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK}

object_handler_class

same as $ENV{EMBPERL_OBJECT_HANDLER_CLASS}

See also the object and isa parameters in Embperl's Execute function, on how to setup additional inherence and how to create Perl objects out of Embperl pages.

Basic Example ^

With the following setup:

 <Location /foo>
    PerlSetEnv EMBPERL_OBJECT_BASE base.htm
    PerlSetEnv EMBPERL_FILESMATCH "\.htm.?|\.epl$"
    SetHandler perl-script
    PerlHandler Embperl::Object 
    Options ExecCGI
 </Location>

Directory Layout:

 /foo/base.htm
 /foo/head.htm
 /foo/foot.htm
 /foo/page1.htm
 /foo/sub/head.htm
 /foo/sub/page2.htm

/foo/base.htm:

 <html>
 <head>
 <title>Example</title>
 </head>
 <body>
 [- Execute ('head.htm') -]
 [- Execute ('*') -]
 [- Execute ('foot.htm') -]
 </body>
 </html>

/foo/head.htm:

 <h1>head from foo</h1>

/foo/sub/head.htm:

 <h1>another head from sub</h1>

/foo/foot.htm:

 <hr> Footer <hr>

/foo/page1.htm:

 PAGE 1

/foo/sub/page2.htm:

 PAGE 2

/foo/sub/index.htm:

 Index of /foo/sub

If you now request http://host/foo/page1.htm you will get the following page

 <html>
 <head>
 <title>Example</title>
 </head>
 <body>
 <h1>head from foo</h1>
 PAGE 1
 <hr> Footer <hr>
 </body>
 </html>

If you now request http://host/foo/sub/page2.htm you will get the following page

 <html>
 <head>
 <title>Example</title>
 </head>
 <body>
 <h1>another head from sub</h1>
 PAGE 2
 <hr> Footer <hr>
 </body>
 </html>

If you now request http://host/foo/sub/ you will get the following page

 <html>
 <head>
 <title>Example</title>
 </head>
 <body>
 <h1>another head from sub</h1>
 Index of /foo/sub
 <hr> Footer <hr>
 </body>
 </html>

Example for using method calls ^

(Everything not given here is the same as in the example above)

/foo/base.htm:

 [!

 sub new
    {
    my $self = shift ; 

    # here we attach some data to the request object
    $self -> {fontsize} = 3 ;
    }

 # Here we give a default title
 sub title { 'Title not given' } ;

 !]

 [-
  
 # get the request object of the current request
 $req = shift ;

 # here we call the method new
 $req -> new ;

 -]

 <html>
 <head>
 <title>[+ $req -> title +]</title>
 </head>
 <body>
 [- Execute ('head.htm') -]
 [- Execute ('*') -]
 [- Execute ('foot.htm') -]
 </body>
 </html>

/foo/head.htm:

 [# 
    here we use the fontsize
    Note that 
      $foo = $_[0] 
    is the same as writing 
      $foo = shift  
 #]

 <font size=[+ $_[0] -> {fontsize} +]>header</font>

/foo/sub/page2.htm:

 [!

 sub new
    {
    my $self = shift ; 

    # here we overwrite the new method form base.htm
    $self -> {fontsize} = 5 ;
    }

 # Here we overwrite the default title
 sub title { 'Title form page 2' } ;

 !]

 PAGE 2

Author ^

G. Richter (richter at embperl dot org)

See Also ^

perl(1), Embperl, mod_perl, Apache httpd

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