perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in pod format.
perldoc [-h] [-v] [-t] [-u] [-m] [-l] [-F] [-X] PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName
perldoc -f BuiltinFunction
perldoc -q FAQ Keyword
perldoc looks up a piece of documentation in .pod format that is embedded in the perl installation tree or in a perl script,
and displays it via
pod2man | nroff -man | $PAGER.
if running under HP-UX,
col -x will be used.) This is primarily used for the documentation for the perl library modules.
Your system may also have man pages installed for those modules, in which case you can probably just use the man(1) command.
Prints out a brief help message.
Describes search for the item in detail.
Display docs using plain text converter, instead of nroff. This may be faster, but it won't look as nice.
Find docs only; skip reformatting by pod2*
Display the entire module: both code and unformatted pod documentation. This may be useful if the docs don't explain a function in the detail you need, and you'd like to inspect the code directly; perldoc will find the file for you and simply hand it off for display.
Display the file name of the module found.
Consider arguments as file names, no search in directories will be performed.
The -f option followed by the name of a perl built in function will extract the documentation of this function from perlfunc.
The -q option takes a regular expression as an argument. It will search the question headings in perlfaq[1-9] and print the entries matching the regular expression.
The -X option looks for a entry whose basename matches the name given on the command line in the file
The pod.idx file should contain fully qualified filenames,
one per line.
Because perldoc does not run properly tainted, and is known to have security issues, it will not normally execute as the superuser. If you use the -U flag, it will do so, but only after setting the effective and real IDs to nobody's or nouser's account, or -2 if unavailable. If it cannot relinguish its privileges, it will not run.
The item you want to look up.
Nested modules (such as
File::Basename) are specified either as
You may also give a descriptive name of a page,
You may also give a partial or wrong-case name,
such as "basename" for "File::Basename",
but this will be slower,
if there is more then one page with the same partial name,
you will only get the first one.
Any switches in the
PERLDOC environment variable will be used before the command line arguments.
perldoc also searches directories specified by the
PERL5LIB is not defined) and
PATH environment variables.
(The latter is so that embedded pods for executables,
perldoc will use,
in order of preference,
the pager defined in
PAGER before trying to find a pager on its own.
MANPAGER is not used if
perldoc was told to display plain text or unformatted pod.)
One useful value for
less -+C -E.
This is perldoc v2.03.
Kenneth Albanowski <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Minor updates by Andy Dougherty <email@example.com>, and others.