Xavier Guimard > Lemonldap-NG-Handler > Lemonldap::NG::Handler

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Module Version: 1.0.0   Source   Latest Release: Lemonldap-NG-Handler-1.4.0

NAME ^

Lemonldap::NG::Handler - The Apache protection module part of Lemonldap::NG Web-SSO system.

SYNOPSIS ^

Create your Apache module

Create your own package (example using a central configuration database):

  package My::Package;
  use Lemonldap::NG::Handler::SharedConf;
  @ISA = qw(Lemonldap::NG::Handler::SharedConf);
  
  __PACKAGE__->init ( {
    # Local storage used for sessions and configuration
    localStorage        => "Cache::DBFile",
    localStorageOptions => {...},
    # How to get my configuration
    configStorage       => {
        type                => "DBI",
        dbiChain            => "DBI:mysql:database=lemondb;host=$hostname",
        dbiUser             => "lemonldap",
        dbiPassword         => "password",
    }
    # Uncomment this to activate status module
    # status                => 1,
  } );

Configure Apache

Call your package in /apache-dir/conf/httpd.conf:

  # Load your package
  PerlRequire /My/File
  # TOTAL PROTECTION
  PerlHeaderParserHandler My::Package
  # OR SELECTED AREA
  <Location /protected-area>
    PerlHeaderParserHandler My::Package
  </Location>

The configuration is loaded only at Apache start. Create an URI to force configuration reload, so you don't need to restart Apache at each change:

  # /apache-dir/conf/httpd.conf
  <Location /location/that/I/ve/choosed>
    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
    Allow from my.manager.com
    PerlHeaderParserHandler My::Package->refresh
  </Location>

You can also unprotect an URI

  <Files "*.gif">
    PerlHeaderParserHandler My::Package->unprotect
  </Files>

To display the status page, add something like this :

  <Location /status>
    Order deny,allow
    Allow from 10.1.1.0/24
    Deny from all
    PerlHeaderParserHandler My::Package->status
  </Location>

If your application has a "logout" URL, you can configure it directly in Apache configuration file (or in the manager interface). THIS IS DEPRECATED, use the manager :

  <Location /logout>
    PerlHeaderParserHandler My::Package->logout
  </Location>

DESCRIPTION ^

Lemonldap::NG is a modular Web-SSO based on Apache::Session modules. It simplifies the build of a protected area with a few changes in the application.

It manages both authentication and authorization and provides headers for accounting. So you can have a full AAA protection for your web space as described below.

The Apache module part works both with Apache 1.3.x and 2.x ie mod_perl 1 and 2 but not with mod_perl 1.99.

Authentication, Authorization, Accounting

Authentication

If a user isn't authenticated and attempts to connect to an area protected by a Lemonldap::NG compatible handler, he is redirected to a portal. The portal authenticates user with a ldap bind by default, but you can also use another authentication sheme like using x509 user certificates (see Lemonldap::NG::Portal::AuthSSL for more).

Lemonldap::NG use session cookies generated by Apache::Session so as secure as a 128-bit random cookie. You may use the securedCookie options of Lemonldap::NG::Portal to avoid session hijacking.

You have to manage life of sessions by yourself since Lemonldap::NG knows nothing about the Apache::Session module you've choosed, but it's very easy using a simple cron script because Lemonldap::NG::Portal stores the start time in the _utime field. By default, a session stay 10 minutes in the local storage, so in the worth case, a user is authorized 10 minutes after he lost his rights.

Authorization

Authorization is controled only by handlers because the portal knows nothing about the way the user will choose. When configuring your Web-SSO, you have to:

Example (See Lemonldap::NG::Manager to see how configuration is stored)

Exported variables (values will be stored in session database by Lemonldap::NG::Portal):

  exportedVars => {
      cn            => "cn",
      departmentUID => "departmentUID",
      login         => "uid",
  },

User groups (values will be stored in session database by Lemonldap::NG::Portal):

  groups => {
      group1 => '{ $departmentUID eq "unit1" or $login = "xavier.guimard" }',
      ...
  },

Area protection:

  locationRules => {
      www1.domain.com => {
          '^/protected/.*$' => '$groups =~ /\bgroup1\b/',
          default           => 'accept',
      },
      www2.domain.com => {
          '^/site/.*$' => '$uid eq "xavier.guimard" or $groups =~ /\bgroup2\b/',
          '^/(js|css)' => 'accept',
          default      => 'deny',
      },
  },

Performance

You can use Perl expressions as complicated as you want and you can use all the exported LDAP attributes (and create your own attributes: with 'macros' mechanism. See Lemonldap::NG::Manager) in groups evaluations, area protections or custom HTTP headers (you just have to call them with a "$").

You have to be careful when choosing your expressions:

It is also recommended to use the groups mechanism to avoid having to evaluate a long expression at each HTTP request:

  locationRules => {
      www1.domain.com => {
          '^/protected/.*$' => '$groups =~ /\bgroup1\b/',
      },
  },

You can also use LDAP filters, or Perl expression or mixed expressions in groups parameter. Perl expressions has to be enclosed with {}:

It is also recommended to use Perl expressions to avoid requiering the LDAP server more than 2 times per authentication.

Accounting

Logging portal access

Lemonldap::NG::Portal doesn't log anything by default, but it's easy to overload log method for normal portal access or using error method to know what was wrong if process method has failed.

Logging application access

Because an handler knows nothing about the protected application, it can't do more than logging URL. As Apache does this fine, Lemonldap::NG::Handler gives it the name to used in logs. The whatToTrace parameters indicates which variable Apache has to use ($uid by default).

The real accounting has to be done by the application itself which knows the result of SQL transaction for example.

Lemonldap::NG can export HTTP headers either using a proxy or protecting directly the application. By default, the Auth-User field is used but you can change it using the exportedHeaders parameters (stored in the configuration database). This parameters contains an associative array per virtual host:

Example:

  exportedHeaders => {
      www1.domain.com => {
          'Auth-User' => '$uid',
          'Unit'      => '$ou',
      },
      www2.domain.com => {
          'Authorization' => '"Basic ".encode_base64($employeeNumber.":dummy")',
          'Remote-IP'     => '$ip',
      },
  }

Session storage systems

Lemonldap::NG use 3 levels of cache for authenticated users:

So the number of request to the central storage is limited to 1 per active user each 10 minutes.

Lemonldap::NG is very fast, but you can increase performance using a Cache::Cache module that does not use disk access.

Logout system

Lemonldap::NG provides a single logout system: you can use it by adding a link to the portal with "logout=1" parameter in the portal (See Lemonldap::NG::Portal) and/or by configuring handler to intercept some URL (See Sinopsys). The logout system:

You can also configure rules in the Manager interface to intercept logout URL. See Lemonldap::NG::Manager and Lemonldap::NG::Handler for more.

USING LEMONLDAP::NG::HANDLER FOR DEVELOPMENT ^

Lemonldap::NG::Handler provides different modules:

All those modules are compatible both with Apache and mod_perl version 1 and 2, but NOT with mod_perl 1.99. If you use Linux distributions like Debian Sarge who provide mod_perl 1.99 for Apache2, you have to use Apache-1.3 or to download a mod_perl2 backport.

SEE ALSO ^

Lemonldap::NG::Handler::SharedConf, Lemonldap::NG::Portal, Lemonldap::NG::Manager, http://lemonldap-ng.org/

AUTHOR ^

Xavier Guimard, <x.guimard@free.fr>

BUG REPORT ^

Use OW2 system to report bug or ask for features: http://jira.ow2.org

DOWNLOAD ^

Lemonldap::NG is available at http://forge.objectweb.org/project/showfiles.php?group_id=274

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) 2005, 2007, 2010 by Xavier Guimard <x.guimard@free.fr>

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.10.0 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.

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