Guido Socher > HTML-TagReader-1.10 > HTML::TagReader

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Module Version: 1.10   Source  

NAME ^

TagReader - Perl extension module for reading html/sgml/xml files by tags.

SYNOPSIS ^

 use HTML::TagReader;
 # open then file and get an obj-ref:
 my $p=new HTML::TagReader "filename";

 # set to zero or undef to omit warnings about html error:
 $showerr=1; 

 # get only the tags:
 my $tag = $p->gettag($showerr);
   # or
 my ($tag,$linenumber,$column)=$p->gettag($showerr);

 # get the entire file split into tags and text parts:
 my $tagOrText = $p->getbytoken($showerr);
   # or
 my ($tagOrText,$tagtype,$linenumber,$column)=$p->getbytoken($showerr);

 # get the version of HTML::TagReader:
 my $ver=$HTML::TagReader::VERSION;

DESCRIPTION ^

The module implements a fast and small object oriented way of processing any kind of html/sgml/xml files by tag.

The getbytoken(0) is similar to while(<>) but instead of reading lines it reads tags or tags and text.

HTML::TagReader makes it easy to keep track of the line number in a file even though you are not reading the file by line. This important if you want to implement error messages about html errors in your code.

Here is a program that list all href tags in a html file together with line numbers and column:

    use HTML::TagReader;
    my $p=new HTML::TagReader "file.html";
    my @tag;
    while(@tag = $p->gettag(1)){
            if ($tag[0]=~/ href ?=/i){
                    # remove optional space before the equal sign:
                    $tag[0]=~s/ ?= ?/=/g;
                    print "line: $tag[1]: col: $tag[2]: $tag[0]\n";
            }
    }

Here is a program that will read a html file tag wise:

    use HTML::TagReader;
    my $p=new HTML::TagReader "file.html";
    my @tag;
    while(@tag = $p->getbytoken(1)){
            if ($tag[1] eq ""){
                    print "line: $tag[2]: col: $tag[2]: not a tag (some text), \"$tag[0]\"\n\n";
            }else{
                    print "line: $tag[2]: col: $tag[2]: is a tag, $tag[0]\n\n";
            }
    }

new HTML::TagReader $file;

Returns a reference to a TagReader object. This reference can be used with gettag() or getbytoken() to read the next tag. You might want to test beforehand if the file is readable and produce your own error message if the file can not be read. The default HTML::TagReader behavior is to die with "ERROR: Can not read file...".

gettag($showerr);

Returns in an array context tag, line number and character position in the line (column). In a scalar context just the next tag is returned.

An empty string or and empty array is returned if the file contains no further tags. HTML/XML comments and any tags inside the comments are ignored.

The returned tag string has all white space (tab, newline...) reduced to just a single space otherwise upper and lower case, quotes etc are as in the original file. The line numbers are those where the tags start.

You must provide 0 (or undef) or 1 as an argument to gettag. If 0 is provided then gettag will not print warnings if it finds a syntax error in the html/sgml/xml code.

Currently only the following warning messages are implemented to warn about possible html syntax errors:

- A starting '<' was found but no closing '>' after 300 characters

- A single '<' was found which was not followed by [!/a-zA-Z]. Such a '<' should be written as &lt;

- A single '>' was found outside a tag.

getbytoken($showerr);

Returns in an array context tag, tagtype (a, br, img,...), line number and the character position (column) in the line where the tag starts. In a scalar context just the next tag is returned.

An empty string or and empty array is returned if the file contains no further tags.

getbytoken() should be used to process a HTML file and possibly modify tags. As opposed to gettag() the getbytoken() does not remove newline or space from the data. getbytoken() gives you access to the entire file and not only to the tags. That is: you can process the tags and the text between the tags.

$tagtype is always lower case. The $tagtype is the string starting the tag such as "a" in <a href=""> or "!--" in <!-- comment -->. $tagtype is empty if this is not a tag (normal text or newline).

You must provide 0 (or undef) or 1 as an argument to getbytoken. If 0 is provided then getbytoken will not print any warnings if it finds a syntax error in the html/sgml/xml code.

Currently only the following warning messages are implemented to warn about possible html syntax errors:

- A starting '<' was found but no closing '>' after 300 characters

- A single '<' was found which was not followed by [!/a-zA-Z]. Such a '<' should be written as &lt;

- A single '>' was found outside a tag.

Working without HTML::TagReader

In special cases it is possible to do processing of files by tag in an efficient way without the HTML::TagReader package. This can be done by setting the record separator variable in perl ($/). This causes however problems with faulty HTML code where individual '<'-characters appear in the middle of the text. An example of such a program written in plain perl (without HTML::TagReader) is the tr_tagcontentgrep program which is part of the HTML::TagReader distribution. Think first then write your code! (HTML::TagReader is in most cases the best choice, not in all ;-)

Limitations

There are no limitation to the size of the file.

If you need a more sophisticated interface you might want to take a look at HTML::Parser. HTML:TagReader is fast, generic and straight forward to use.

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) Guido Socher [guido(at)linuxfocus.org]

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO ^

homepage of this program: http://linuxfocus.org/~guido/ or http://cpan.org/authors/id/G/GU/GUS/

perl(1) HTML::Parser(3) HTML::TokeParser(3)

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