G. Wade Johnson > Device-USB-0.35 > Device::USB::Device

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Module Version: 0.29   Source   Latest Release: Device-USB-0.36

Device::USB::Device ^

This class encapsulates the USB device structure and the methods that may be applied to it.

NAME ^

Device::USB::Device - Use libusb to access USB devices.

VERSION ^

Version 0.29

SYNOPSIS ^

Device:USB::Device provides a Perl object for accessing a USB device using the libusb library.

    use Device::USB;

    my $usb = Device::USB->new();
    my $dev = $usb->find_device( $VENDOR, $PRODUCT );

    printf "Device: %04X:%04X\n", $dev->idVendor(), $dev->idProduct();
    print "Manufactured by ", $dev->manufacturer(), "\n",
          " Product: ", $dev->product(), "\n";

    $dev->set_configuration( $CFG );
    $dev->control_msg( @params );
    ...

See the libusb manual for more information about most of the methods. The functionality is generally the same as the libusb function whose name is the method name prepended with "usb_".

DESCRIPTION ^

This module defines a Perl object that represents the data and functionality associated with a USB device. The object interface provides read-only access to the important data associated with a device. It also provides methods for almost all of the functions supplied by libusb. Where necessary, the interfaces to these methods were changed to better match Perl usage. However, most of the methods are straight-forward wrappers around their libusb counterparts.

METHODS

DESTROY

Close the device connected to the object.

filename

Retrieve the filename associated with the device.

config

In list context, return a list of the configuration structures for this device. In scalar context, return a reference to that list. This method is deprecated in favor of the two new methods: configurations and get_configuration.

configurations

In list context, return a list of the configuration structures for this device. In scalar context, return a reference to that list.

get_configuration

Retrieve the configuration requested by index. The legal values are from 0 to bNumConfigurations() - 1. Negative values access from the back of the list of configurations.

index numeric index of the index to return. If not supplied, use 0.

Returns an object encapsulating the configuration on success, or undef on failure.

accessors

There a several accessor methods that return data from the device and device descriptor. Each is named after the field that they return. All of the BCD fields have been changed to floating point numbers, so that you don't have to decode them yourself.

The methods include:

bcdUSB
bDeviceClass
bDeviceSubClass
bDeviceProtocol
bMaxPacketSize0
idVendor
idProduct
bcdDevice
iManufacturer
iProduct
iSerialNumber
bNumConfigurations
manufacturer

Retrieve the manufacture name from the device as a string. Return undef if the device read fails.

product

Retrieve the product name from the device as a string. Return undef if the device read fails.

serial_number

Retrieve the serial number from the device as a string. Return undef if the device read fails.

open

Open the device. If the device is already open, close it and reopen it.

If the device fails to open, the reason will be available in $!.

set_configuration

Sets the active configuration of the device.

configuration

the integer specified in the descriptor field bConfigurationValue.

returns 0 on success or <0 on error

When using libusb-win32 under Windows, it is important to call set_configuration() after the open() but before any other method calls. Without this call, other methods may not work. This call is not required under Linux.

set_altinterface

Sets the active alternative setting of the current interface for the device.

alternate

the integer specified in the descriptor field bAlternateSetting.

returns 0 on success or <0 on error

clear_halt

Clears any halt status on the supplied endpoint.

alternate

the integer specified bEndpointAddress descriptor field.

returns 0 on success or <0 on error

reset

Resets the device. This also closes the handle and invalidates this device. This device will be unusable.

claim_interface

Claims the specified interface with the operating system.

interface

The interface value listed in the descriptor field bInterfaceNumber.

Returns 0 on success, <0 on failure.

release_interface

Releases the specified interface back to the operating system.

interface

The interface value listed in the descriptor field bInterfaceNumber.

Returns 0 on success, <0 on failure.

control_msg

Performs a control request to the default control pipe on a device.

requesttype
request
value
index
bytes

Any returned data is placed here. If you don't want any returned data, pass undef.

size

Size of supplied buffer.

timeout

Milliseconds to wait for response.

Returns number of bytes read or written on success, <0 on failure.

get_string

Retrieve a string descriptor from the device.

index

The index of the string in the string list.

langid

The language id used to specify which of the supported languages the string should be encoded in.

Returns a Unicode string. The function returns undef on error.

get_string_simple

Retrieve a string descriptor from the device.

index

The index of the string in the string list.

Returns a C-style string if successful, or undef on error.

get_descriptor

Retrieve a descriptor from the device

type

The type of descriptor to retrieve.

index

The index of that descriptor in the list of descriptors of that type.

TODO: This method needs major rewrite to be Perl-ish. I need to provide a better way to specify the type (or at least document which are available), and I need to return a Perl data structure, not a buffer of binary data.

get_descriptor_by_endpoint

Retrieve an endpoint-specific descriptor from the device

ep

Endpoint to query.

type

The type of descriptor to retrieve.

index

The index of that descriptor in the list of descriptors.

buf

Buffer into which to write the requested descriptor

size

Max size to read into the buffer.

TODO: This method needs major rewrite to be Perl-ish. I need to provide a better way to specify the type (or at least document which are available), and I need to return a Perl data structure, not a buffer of binary data.

bulk_read

Perform a bulk read request from the specified endpoint.

ep

The number of the endpoint to read

bytes

Buffer into which to write the requested data.

size

Max size to read into the buffer.

timeout

Maximum time to wait (in milliseconds)

The function returns the number of bytes returned or <0 on error.

USB is packet based, not stream based. So using bulk_read() to read part of the packet acts like a peek. The next time you read, all of the packet is still there.

The data is only removed when you read the entire packet. For this reason, you should always call bulk_read() with the total packet size.

interrupt_read

Perform a interrupt read request from the specified endpoint.

ep

The number of the endpoint to read

bytes

Buffer into which to write the requested data.

size

Max size to read into the buffer.

timeout

Maximum time to wait (in milliseconds)

The function returns the number of bytes returned or <0 on error.

bulk_write

Perform a bulk write request to the specified endpoint.

ep

The number of the endpoint to write

bytes

Buffer from which to write the requested data.

timeout

Maximum time to wait (in milliseconds)

The function returns the number of bytes written or <0 on error.

interrupt_write

Perform a interrupt write request to the specified endpoint.

ep

The number of the endpoint to write

bytes

Buffer from which to write the requested data.

timeout

Maximum time to wait (in milliseconds)

The function returns the number of bytes written or <0 on error.

get_driver_np

This function returns the name of the driver bound to the interface specified by the parameter interface.

$interface

The interface number of interest.

Returns undef on error.

detach_kernel_driver_np

This function will detach a kernel driver from the interface specified by parameter interface. Applications using libusb can then try claiming the interface. Returns 0 on success or < 0 on error.

DIAGNOSTICS ^

This is an explanation of the diagnostic and error messages this module can generate.

Cannot open device: reason string

Unable to open the USB device for the reason given.

DEPENDENCIES ^

This module depends on the Carp, Inline and Inline::C modules, as well as the strict and warnings pragmas. Obviously, libusb must be available since that is the entire reason for the module's existence.

AUTHOR ^

G. Wade Johnson (wade at anomaly dot org) Paul Archer (paul at paularcher dot org)

Houston Perl Mongers Group

BUGS ^

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-device-usb@rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Device::USB. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ^

Thanks go to various members of the Houston Perl Mongers group for input on the module. But thanks mostly go to Paul Archer who proposed the project and helped with the development.

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE ^

Copyright 2006 Houston Perl Mongers

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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