Hinrik Örn Sigurðsson > IRC-Utils-0.12 > IRC::Utils

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Module Version: 0.12   Source  

NAME ^

IRC::Utils - Common utilities for IRC-related tasks

SYNOPSIS ^

 use strict;
 use warnings;

 use IRC::Utils ':ALL';

 my $nickname = '^Lame|BOT[moo]';
 my $uppercase_nick = uc_irc($nickname);
 my $lowercase_nick = lc_irc($nickname);

 print "They're equivalent\n" if eq_irc($uppercase_nick, $lowercase_nick);

 my $mode_line = 'ov+b-i Bob sue stalin*!*@*';
 my $hashref = parse_mode_line($mode_line);

 my $banmask = 'stalin*';
 my $full_banmask = normalize_mask($banmask);

 if (matches_mask($full_banmask, 'stalin!joe@kremlin.ru')) {
     print "EEK!";
 }

 my $decoded = irc_decode($raw_irc_message);
 print $decoded, "\n";

 if (has_color($message)) {
    print 'COLOR CODE ALERT!\n";
 }

 my $results_hashref = matches_mask_array(\@masks, \@items_to_match_against);

 my $nick = parse_user('stalin!joe@kremlin.ru');
 my ($nick, $user, $host) = parse_user('stalin!joe@kremlin.ru');

DESCRIPTION ^

The functions in this module take care of many of the tasks you are faced with when working with IRC. Mode lines, ban masks, message encoding and formatting, etc.

FUNCTIONS ^

uc_irc

Takes one mandatory parameter, a string to convert to IRC uppercase, and one optional parameter, the casemapping of the ircd (which can be 'rfc1459', 'strict-rfc1459' or 'ascii'. Default is 'rfc1459'). Returns the IRC uppercase equivalent of the passed string.

lc_irc

Takes one mandatory parameter, a string to convert to IRC lowercase, and one optional parameter, the casemapping of the ircd (which can be 'rfc1459', 'strict-rfc1459' or 'ascii'. Default is 'rfc1459'). Returns the IRC lowercase equivalent of the passed string.

eq_irc

Takes two mandatory parameters, IRC strings (channels or nicknames) to compare. A third, optional parameter specifies the casemapping. Returns true if the two strings are equivalent, false otherwise

 # long version
 lc_irc($one, $map) eq lc_irc($two, $map)

 # short version
 eq_irc($one, $two, $map)

parse_mode_line

Takes a list representing an IRC mode line. Returns a hashref. Optionally you can also supply an arrayref and a hashref to specify valid channel modes (default: [qw(beI k l imnpstaqr)]) and status modes (default: {o => '@', h => '%', v => '+'}), respectively.

If the modeline couldn't be parsed the hashref will be empty. On success the following keys will be available in the hashref:

'modes', an arrayref of normalised modes;

'args', an arrayref of applicable arguments to the modes;

Example:

 my $hashref = parse_mode_line( 'ov+b-i', 'Bob', 'sue', 'stalin*!*@*' );

 # $hashref will be:
 {
    modes => [ '+o', '+v', '+b', '-i' ],
    args  => [ 'Bob', 'sue', 'stalin*!*@*' ],
 }

normalize_mask

Takes one parameter, a string representing an IRC mask. Returns a normalised full mask.

Example:

 $fullbanmask = normalize_mask( 'stalin*' );

 # $fullbanmask will be: 'stalin*!*@*';

matches_mask

Takes two parameters, a string representing an IRC mask and something to match against the IRC mask, such as a nick!user@hostname string. Returns a true value if they match, a false value otherwise. Optionally, one may pass the casemapping (see uc_irc), as this function uses uc_irc internally.

matches_mask_array

Takes two array references, the first being a list of strings representing IRC masks, the second a list of somethings to test against the masks. Returns an empty hashref if there are no matches. Otherwise, the keys will be the masks matched, each value being an arrayref of the strings that matched it. Optionally, one may pass the casemapping (see uc_irc), as this function uses uc_irc internally.

unparse_mode_line

Takes one argument, a string representing a number of mode changes. Returns a condensed version of the changes.

  my $mode_line = unparse_mode_line('+o+o+o-v+v');
  $mode_line is now '+ooo-v+v'

gen_mode_change

Takes two arguments, strings representing a set of IRC user modes before and after a change. Returns a string representing what changed.

  my $mode_change = gen_mode_change('abcde', 'befmZ');
  $mode_change is now '-acd+fmZ'

parse_user

Takes one parameter, a string representing a user in the form nick!user@hostname. In a scalar context it returns just the nickname. In a list context it returns a list consisting of the nick, user and hostname, respectively.

is_valid_chan_name

Takes one argument, a channel name to validate. Returns true or false if the channel name is valid or not. You can supply a second argument, an array of characters of allowed channel prefixes. Defaults to ['#', '&'].

is_valid_nick_name

Takes one argument, a nickname to validate. Returns true or false if the nickname is valid or not.

numeric_to_name

Takes an IRC server numerical reply code (e.g. '001') as an argument, and returns the corresponding name (e.g. 'RPL_WELCOME').

name_to_numeric

Takes an IRC server reply name (e.g. 'RPL_WELCOME') as an argument, and returns the corresponding numerical code (e.g. '001').

has_color

Takes one parameter, a string of IRC text. Returns true if it contains any IRC color codes, false otherwise. Useful if you want your bot to kick users for (ab)using colors. :)

has_formatting

Takes one parameter, a string of IRC text. Returns true if it contains any IRC formatting codes, false otherwise.

strip_color

Takes one parameter, a string of IRC text. Returns the string stripped of all IRC color codes.

strip_formatting

Takes one parameter, a string of IRC text. Returns the string stripped of all IRC formatting codes.

decode_irc

This function takes a byte string (i.e. an unmodified IRC message) and returns a text string. Since the source encoding might have been UTF-8, you should store it with UTF-8 or some other Unicode encoding in your file/database/whatever to be safe. For a more detailed discussion, see "ENCODING".

 use IRC::Utils qw(decode_irc);

 sub message_handler {
     my ($nick, $channel, $message) = @_;

     # not wise, $message is a byte string of unkown encoding
     print $message, "\n";

     $message = decode_irc($what);

     # good, $message is a text string
     print $message, "\n";
 }

CONSTANTS ^

Use the following constants to add formatting and mIRC color codes to IRC messages.

Normal text:

 NORMAL

Formatting:

 BOLD
 UNDERLINE
 REVERSE
 ITALIC
 FIXED

Colors:

 WHITE
 BLACK
 BLUE
 GREEN
 RED
 BROWN
 PURPLE
 ORANGE
 YELLOW
 LIGHT_GREEN
 TEAL
 LIGHT_CYAN
 LIGHT_BLUE
 PINK
 GREY
 LIGHT_GREY

Individual non-color formatting codes can be cancelled with their corresponding constant, but you can also cancel all of them at once with NORMAL. To cancel the effect of color codes, you must use NORMAL. which of course has the side effect of cancelling all other formatting codes as well.

 $msg = 'This word is '.YELLOW.'yellow'.NORMAL.' while this word is'.BOLD.'bold'.BOLD;
 $msg = UNDERLINE.BOLD.'This sentence is both underlined and bold.'.NORMAL;

ENCODING ^

Messages

The only encoding requirement the IRC protocol places on its messages is that they be 8-bits and ASCII-compatible. This has resulted in most of the Western world settling on ASCII-compatible Latin-1 (usually Microsoft's CP1252, a Latin-1 variant) as a convention. Recently, popular IRC clients (mIRC, xchat, certain irssi configurations) have begun sending a mixture of CP1252 and UTF-8 over the wire to allow more characters without breaking backward compatibility (too much). They send CP1252 encoded messages if the characters fit within that encoding, otherwise falling back to UTF-8, and likewise autodetecting the encoding (UTF-8 or CP1252) of incoming messages. Since writing text with mixed encoding to a file, terminal, or database is not a good idea, you need a way to decode messages from IRC. decode_irc will do that.

Channel names

The matter is complicated further by the fact that some servers allow non-ASCII characters in channel names. IRC modules generally don't explicitly encode or decode any IRC traffic, but they do have to concatenate parts of a message (e.g. a channel name and a message) before sending it over the wire. So when you do something like privmsg($channel, 'æði'), where $channel is the unmodified channel name (a byte string) you got from an earlier IRC message, the channel name will get double-encoded when concatenated with your message (a non-ASCII text string) if the channel name contains non-ASCII bytes.

To prevent this, you can't simply decode the channel name and then use it. '#æði' in CP1252 is not the same channel as '#æði' in UTF-8, since they are encoded as different sequences of bytes, and the IRC server only cares about the byte representation. Therefore, when using a channel name you got from the server (e.g. when replying to message), you should use the original byte string (before it has been decoded with decode_irc), and encode any other parameters (with encode_utf8) so that your message will be concatenated correctly. At some point, you'll probably want to print the channel name, write it to a log file or use it in a filename, so you'll eventually have to decode it, at which point the UTF-8 #æði and CP1252 #æði will have to be considered equivalent.

 use Encode qw(encode_utf8 encode);

 sub message_handler {
     # these three are all byte strings
     my ($nick, $channel, $message) = @_;

     # bad: if $channel has any non-ASCII bytes, they will get double-encoded
     privmsg($channel, 'æði');

     # bad: if $message has any non-ASCII bytes, they will get double-encoded
     privmsg('#æði', $message);

     # good: both are byte strings already, so they will concatenate correctly
     privmsg($channel, $message);

     # good: both are text strings (Latin1 as per Perl's default), so
     # they'll be concatenated correctly
     privmsg('#æði', 'æði');

     # good: similar to the last one, except now they're using UTF-8, which
     # means that the channel is actually not the same as above
     use utf8;
     privmsg('#æði', 'æði');

     # good: $channel and $msg_bytes are both byte strings
     my $msg_bytes = encode_utf8('æði');
     privmsg($channel, $msg_bytes);

     # good: $chan_bytes and $message are both byte strings
     # here we're sending a message to the utf8-encoded #æði
     my $utf8_bytes = encode_utf8('#æði');
     privmsg($utf8_bytes, $message);

     # good: $chan_bytes and $message are both byte strings
     # here we're sending a message to the cp1252-encoded #æði
     my $cp1252_bytes = encode('cp1252', '#æði');
     privmsg($cp1252_bytes, $message);

     # bad: $channel is in an undetermined encoding
     log_message("Got message from $channel");

     # good: using the decoded version of $channel
     log_message("Got message from ".decode_irc($channel));
 }

See also Encode, perluniintro, perlunitut, perlunicode, and perlunifaq.

AUTHOR ^

Hinrik Örn Sigurðsson <hinrik.sig@gmail.com> (Hinrik irc.perl.org, or literal @ FreeNode).

Chris BinGOs Williams <chris@bingosnet.co.uk>

SEE ALSO ^

POE::Component::IRC

POE::Component::Server::IRC

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