Naveed Massjouni > Dancer-Plugin-DBIC-0.2001 > Dancer::Plugin::DBIC

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Module Version: 0.2001   Source   Latest Release: Dancer-Plugin-DBIC-0.2100

NAME ^

Dancer::Plugin::DBIC - DBIx::Class interface for Dancer applications

VERSION ^

version 0.2001

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Dancer;
    use Dancer::Plugin::DBIC qw(schema resultset rset);

    get '/users/:user_id' => sub {
        my $user = schema('default')->resultset('User')->find(param 'user_id');

        # If you are accessing the 'default' schema, then all the following
        # are equivalent to the above:
        $user = schema->resultset('User')->find(param 'user_id');
        $user = resultset('User')->find(param 'user_id');
        $user = rset('User')->find(param 'user_id');

        template user_profile => {
            user => $user
        };
    };

    dance;

DESCRIPTION ^

This plugin makes it very easy to create Dancer applications that interface with databases. It automatically exports the keyword schema which returns a DBIx::Class::Schema object. You just need to configure your database connection information. For performance, schema objects are cached in memory and are lazy loaded the first time they are accessed.

CONFIGURATION ^

Configuration can be done in your Dancer config file.

simple example

Here is a simple example. It defines one database named default:

    plugins:
      DBIC:
        default:
          dsn: dbi:SQLite:dbname=myapp.db
          schema_class: MyApp::Schema

multiple schemas

In this example, there are 2 databases configured named default and foo:

    plugins:
      DBIC:
        default:
          dsn: dbi:SQLite:dbname=myapp.db
          schema_class: MyApp::Schema
        foo:
          dsn: dbi:Pg:dbname=foo
          schema_class: Foo::Schema
          user: bob
          password: secret
          options:
            RaiseError: 1
            PrintError: 1

Each database configured must at least have a dsn option. The dsn option should be the DBI driver connection string. All other options are optional.

If you only have one schema configured, or one of them is named default, you can call schema without an argument to get the only or default schema, respectively.

If a schema_class option is not provided, then DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader will be used to dynamically load the schema by introspecting the database corresponding to the dsn value. You need DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader installed for this to work.

WARNING: Dynamic loading is not recommended for production environments. It is almost always better to provide a schema_class option.

The schema_class option should be the name of your DBIx::Class::Schema class. See "SCHEMA GENERATION" Optionally, a database configuration may have user, password, and options parameters as described in the documentation for connect() in DBI.

connect_info

Alternatively, you may also declare your connection information inside an array named connect_info:

    plugins:
      DBIC:
        default:
          schema_class: MyApp::Schema
          connect_info:
            - dbi:Pg:dbname=foo
            - bob
            - secret
            -
              RaiseError: 1
              PrintError: 1

replicated

You can also add database read slaves to your configuration with the replicated config option. This will automatically make your read queries go to a slave and your write queries go to the master. Keep in mind that this will require additional dependencies: DBIx::Class::Optional::Dependencies#Storage::Replicated See DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::Replicated for more details. Here is an example configuration that adds two read slaves:

    plugins:
      DBIC:
        default:
          schema_class: MyApp::Schema
          dsn: dbi:Pg:dbname=master
          replicated:
            balancer_type: ::Random  # defaults to '::Random' if not provided
            replicants:
              -
                - dbi:Pg:dbname=slave1
                - user1
                - password1
              -
                - dbi:Pg:dbname=slave2
                - user2
                - password2

alias

Schema aliases allow you to reference the same underlying database by multiple names. For example:

    plugins:
      DBIC:
        default:
          dsn: dbi:Pg:dbname=master
          schema_class: MyApp::Schema
        slave1:
          alias: default

Now you can access the default schema with schema(), schema('default'), or schema('slave1'). This can come in handy if, for example, you have master/slave replication in your production environment but only a single database in your development environment. You can continue to reference schema('slave1') in your code in both environments by simply creating a schema alias in your development.yml config file, as shown above.

FUNCTIONS ^

schema

    my $user = schema->resultset('User')->find('bob');

The schema keyword returns a DBIx::Class::Schema object ready for you to use. If you have configured only one database, then you can simply call schema with no arguments. If you have configured multiple databases, you can still call schema with no arguments if there is a database named default in the configuration. With no argument, the default schema is returned. Otherwise, you must provide schema() with the name of the database:

    my $user = schema('foo')->resultset('User')->find('bob');

resultset

This is a convenience method that will save you some typing. Use this only when accessing the default schema.

    my $user = resultset('User')->find('bob');

is equivalent to:

    my $user = schema->resultset('User')->find('bob');

rset

    my $user = rset('User')->find('bob');

This is simply an alias for resultset.

SCHEMA GENERATION ^

Setting the schema_class option and having proper DBIx::Class classes is the recommended approach for performance and stability. You can use the dbicdump command line tool provided by DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader to help you. For example, if your app were named Foo, then you could run the following from the root of your project directory:

    dbicdump -o dump_directory=./lib Foo::Schema dbi:SQLite:/path/to/foo.db

For this example, your schema_class setting would be 'Foo::Schema'.

CONTRIBUTORS ^

AUTHORS ^

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This software is copyright (c) 2010 by awncorp.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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