Ron Isaacson > Env-Modulecmd-1.2b > Env::Modulecmd



Annotate this POD

View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 1.2   Source  


Env::Modulecmd - Interface to modulecmd from Perl


  # import bootstraps, executed at compile-time

    # explicit operations

    use Env::Modulecmd { load => 'foo/1.0',
                         unload => ['bar/1.0', 'baz/1.0'],

    # implied loading

    use Env::Modulecmd qw(quux/1.0 quuux/1.0);

    # hybrid

    use Env::Modulecmd ('bazola/1.0', 'ztesch/1.0',
                        { load => 'oogle/1.0',
                          unload => [qw(foogle/1.0 boogle/1.0)],

  # implicit functions, executed at run-time

    Env::Modulecmd::load (qw(fred/1.0 jim/1.0 sheila/barney/1.0));
    Env::Modulecmd::unload ('corge/grault/1.0', 'flarp/1.0');
    Env::Modulecmd::pippo ('pluto/paperino/1.0');


Env::Modulecmd provides an automated interface to modulecmd from Perl. The most straightforward use of Env::Modulecmd is for loading and unloading modules at compile time, although many other uses are provided.

modulecmd Interface

In general, Env::Modulecmd works by making a system call to 'modulecmd perl [cmd] [module]', under the assumption that modulecmd is in your PATH. If you set the environment variable PERL_MODULECMD, Env::Modulecmd will use that value in place of modulecmd. If modulecmd is not found, the shell will return an error and the script will die.

Note: a default path to modulecmd, and a default setting for MODULEPATH, can be built into Env::Modulecmd when it's installed. See the README file in the source tree for more information.

Modules may, by convention, output warnings and informational messages; modulecmd directs these to standard error. If modulecmd outputs anything to standard error, Env::Modulecmd inspects that output and attempts to determine whether it represents a fatal error. If the output begins with "ERROR:", or if it matches modulecmd's typical error message format, Env::Modulecmd fails. Otherwise, Env::Modulecmd emits that output as a warning, but only if Perl warnings are enabled (-w, or use warnings).

If there were no fatal errors, modulecmd's output (if any) is eval'ed. If the eval operation fails, Env::Modulecmd will fail.

If you attempt to load a module which has already been loaded, or perform some other benign operation, modulecmd will generate neither output nor error; this condition is silently ignored.

Compile-Time Usage

You can specify compile-time arguments to Env::Modulecmd on the use line, as follows:

  use Env::Modulecmd ('bazola/1.0', 'ztesch/1.0',
                      { load => 'oogle/1.0',
                        unload => [qw(foogle/1.0 boogle/1.0)],

Each argument is assumed to be either a scalar or a hashref. If it's a scalar, Env::Modulecmd assumes it's the name of a module you want to load. If it's a hashref, then each key is the name of a modulecmd operation (ie: load, unload) and each value is either a scalar (operate on one module) or an arrayref (operate on several modules).

In the example given above, bazola/1.0 and ztesch/1.0 will be loaded by implicit usage. oogle/1.0 will be loaded explicitly, and foogle/1.0 and boogle/1.0 will be unloaded.

Run-Time Usage

Additional module operations can be performed at run-time by using implicit functions. For example:

  Env::Modulecmd::load (qw(fred/1.0 jim/1.0 sheila/barney/1.0));
  Env::Modulecmd::unload ('corge/grault/1.0', 'flarp/1.0');
  Env::Modulecmd::pippo ('pluto/paperino/1.0');

Each function name is passed as a command name to modulecmd, and each call can include one or more modules to be processed. The example above will generate the following six calls to modulecmd:

  modulecmd perl load fred/1.0
  modulecmd perl load jim/1.0
  modulecmd perl load sheila/barney/1.0
  modulecmd perl unload corge/grault/1.0
  modulecmd perl unload flarp/1.0
  modulecmd perl pippo pluto/paperino/1.0


For more information about modules, see the module(1) manpage or


If you find any bugs, or if you have any suggestions for improvement, please contact the author.


Ron Isaacson <>


Copyright (c) 2001-2004, Morgan Stanley Dean Witter and Co.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

A copy of the GNU General Public License was distributed with this program in a file called LICENSE. For additional copies, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

syntax highlighting: