Jerry D. Hedden > Math-Random-MT-Auto-6.22 > Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range

Download:
Math-Random-MT-Auto-6.22.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

CPAN RT

Open  0
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 6.22   Source  

NAME ^

Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range - Range-valued PRNGs

SYNOPSIS ^

    use strict;
    use warnings;
    use Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range;

    # Integer random number range
    my $die = Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range->new(LO => 1, HI => 6);
    my $roll = $die->rrand();

    # Floating-point random number range
    my $compass = Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range->new(LO => 0, HI => 360,
                                                     TYPE => 'DOUBLE');
    my $course = $compass->rrand();

DESCRIPTION ^

This module creates range-valued pseudorandom number generators (PRNGs) that return random values between two specified limits.

While useful in itself, the primary purpose of this module is to provide an example of how to create subclasses of Math::Random::MT::Auto within Object::InsideOut's inside-out object model.

MODULE DECLARATION ^

Add the following to the top of our application code:

    use strict;
    use warnings;
    use Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range;

This module is strictly OO, and does not export any functions or symbols.

METHODS ^

Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range->new

Creates a new range-valued PRNG.

    my $prng = Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range->new( %options );

Available options are:

'LOW' => $num
'HIGH' => $num

Sets the limits over which the values return by the PRNG will range. These arguments are mandatory, and LOW must not be equal to HIGH.

If the TYPE for the PRNG is INTEGER, then the range will be LOW to HIGH inclusive (i.e., [LOW, HIGH]). If DOUBLE, then LOW inclusive to HIGH exclusive (i.e., [LOW, HIGH)).

LO and HI can be used as synonyms for LOW and HIGH, respectively.

'TYPE' => 'INTEGER'
'TYPE' => 'DOUBLE'

Sets the type for the values returned from the PRNG. If TYPE is not specified, it will default to INTEGER if both LOW and HIGH are integers.

The options above are also supported using lowercase and mixed-case (e.g., 'low', 'hi', 'Type', etc.).

Additionally, objects created with this package can take any of the options supported by the Math::Random::MT::Auto class, namely, STATE, SEED and STATE.

$obj->new

Creates a new PRNG in the same manner as "Math::Random::MT::Auto::Range->new".

    my $prng2 = $prng1->new( %options );

In addition to the methods describe below, the objects created by this package inherit all the object methods provided by the Math::Random::MT::Auto class, including the -clone()> method.

$obj->rrand

Returns a random number of the configured type within the configured range.

    my $rand = $prng->rrand();

If the TYPE for the PRNG is INTEGER, then the range will be LOW to HIGH inclusive (i.e., [LOW, HIGH]). If DOUBLE, then LOW inclusive to HIGH exclusive (i.e., [LOW, HIGH)).

$obj->set_range_type

Sets the numeric type for the random numbers returned by the PRNG.

    $prng->set_range_type('INTEGER');
      # or
    $prng->set_range_type('DOUBLE');
$obj->get_range_type

Returns the numeric type ('INTEGER' or 'DOUBLE') for the random numbers returned by the PRNG.

    my $type = $prng->get_range_type();
$obj->set_range

Sets the limits for the PRNG's return value range.

    $prng->set_range($lo, $hi);

$lo must not be equal to $hi.

$obj->get_range

Returns a list of the PRNG's range limits.

    my ($lo, $hi) = $prng->get_range();

INSIDE-OUT OBJECTS ^

Capabilities provided by Object::InsideOut are supported by this modules. See "INSIDE-OUT OBJECTS" in Math::Random::MT::Auto for more information.

Coercion

Object coercion is supported in the same manner as documented in See "Coercion" in Math::Random::MT::Auto except that the underlying random number method is ->rrand().

DIAGNOSTICS ^

This module will reverse the range limits if they are specified in the wrong order (i.e., it makes sure that LOW < HIGH).

SEE ALSO ^

Math::Random::MT::Auto

Object::InsideOut

AUTHOR ^

Jerry D. Hedden, <jdhedden AT cpan DOT org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright 2005 - 2009 Jerry D. Hedden. All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

syntax highlighting: