Jerry D. Hedden > Thread-Cancel-1.13 > Thread::Cancel

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Module Version: 1.13   Source  

NAME ^

Thread::Cancel - Cancel (i.e., kill) threads

VERSION ^

This document describes Thread::Cancel version 1.13

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Thread::Cancel 'SIGUSR1';      # Set the cancellation signal
    use Thread::Cancel;                #  Defaults to 'KILL'

    $thr->cancel();                    # Cancel a thread
    threads->cancel();                 # Cancel all non-detached threads
    threads->cancel($thr, $tid, ...);  # Cancel multiple threads using
                                        #   objects or TIDs

DESCRIPTION ^

This module adds cancellation capabilities for threads. Cancelled threads are terminated using threads->exit(). The thread is then detached, and hence automatically cleaned up.

Threads that are suspended using Thread::Suspend do not need to be resumed in order to be cancelled.

It is possible for a thread to cancel itself.

Declaration

This module must be imported prior to any threads being created.

Cancellation is accomplished via a signal handler which is used by all threads on which cancel operations are performed. The signal for this operation can be specified when this module is declared, and defaults to SIGKILL. Consequently, the application and its threads must not specify some other handler for use with the cancel signal.

use Thread::Cancel;

Declares this module, and defaults to using SIGKILL for cancel operations.

use Thread::Cancel 'SIGUSR1';
use Thread::Cancel 'Signal' => 11;

Declares this module, and uses the specified signal for cancel operations. Signals may be specified by the same names or (positive) numbers as supported by kill().

Methods

$thr->cancel()

Cancels the threads.

threads->cancel()

Cancels all non-detached threads. This offers a clean way to exit a threaded application:

    # Terminate all threads and exit
    threads->cancel();
    exit(0);
threads->cancel($thr, $tid, ...)

Cancels the threads specified by their objects or TIDs (for non-detached threads).

CAVEATS ^

Subject to the limitations of "THREAD SIGNALLING" in threads.

Cancelled threads are automatically detached, so do not try to ->join() or ->detach() a cancelled thread.

Detached threads can only be cancelled using their threads object:

    $thr->detach();
    $thr->cancel();
    # or
    threads->cancel($thr);

Threads that have finished execution are, for the most part, ignored by this module.

REQUIREMENTS ^

Perl 5.8.0 or later

threads 1.39 or later

Test::More 0.50 or later (for installation)

SEE ALSO ^

Thread::Cancel Discussion Forum on CPAN: http://www.cpanforum.com/dist/Thread-Cancel

threads, threads::shared

AUTHOR ^

Jerry D. Hedden, <jdhedden AT cpan DOT org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright 2006 - 2009 Jerry D. Hedden. All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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