Jan Gehring > Rex-0.44.6.1 > Rex::Commands::Virtualization

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NAME ^

Rex::Commands::Virtualization - Virtualization module

DESCRIPTION ^

With this module you can manage your virtualization.

SYNOPSIS ^

 use Rex::Commands::Virtualization;
    
 set virtualization => "LibVirt";
 set virtualization => "VBox";
    
 use Data::Dumper;   

 print Dumper vm list => "all";
 print Dumper vm list => "running";
    
 vm destroy => "vm01";
    
 vm delete => "vm01"; 
     
 vm start => "vm01";
    
 vm shutdown => "vm01";
    
 vm reboot => "vm01";
    
 vm option => "vm01",
          max_memory => 1024*1024,
          memory     => 512*1024;
              
 print Dumper vm info => "vm01";
    
 # creating a vm on a kvm host
 vm create => "vm01",
      storage     => [
         {   
            file   => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/vm01.img",
            dev    => "vda",
         }   
      ];  
       
 print Dumper vm hypervisor => "capabilities";

EXPORTED FUNCTIONS ^

vm($action => $name, %option)

This module exports only the vm function. You can manage everything with this function.

EXAMPLES ^

Creating a Virtual Machine

Create a (VirtualBox) VM named "vm01" with 512 MB ram and 1 cpu. One harddrive, 10 GB in size beeing a file on disk. With a cdrom as an iso image and a natted network. The bootorder is set to "dvd".

 vm create => "vm01",
      storage     => [
         {   
            file   => "/mnt/data/vbox/vm01.img",
            size   => "10G",
         },
         {
            file => "/mnt/iso/debian6.iso",
         }
      ],
      memory => 512,
      type => "Linux26", 
      cpus => 1,
      boot => "dvd";

Create a (KVM) VM named "vm01" with 512 MB ram and 1 cpu. One harddrive, 10 GB in size beeing a file on disk. With a cdrom as an iso image and a bridged network on the bridge virbr0. The Bootorder is set to "cdrom".

 vm create => "vm01",
      boot => "cdrom",
      storage     => [
         {
            size   => "10G",
            file   => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/vm01.img",
         },
                                                                                                                                        
         {
            file     => "/mnt/data/iso/debian-6.0.2.1-amd64-netinst.iso",
         },
      ]; 

This is the same as above, but with all options in use.

 vm create => "vm01",
      memory   => 512*1024,
      cpus     => 1,      
      arch     => "x86_64",
      boot     => "cdrom",
      clock    => "utc", 
      emulator => "/usr/bin/qemu-system-x86_64",
      on_poweroff => "destroy",
      on_reboot   => "restart",
      on_crash    => "restart",
      storage     => [
         {  type   => "file",
            size   => "10G",
            device => "disk",
            file   => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/vm01.img",
            dev    => "vda",
            bus    => "virtio",
            address => {
               type     => "pci",
               domain   => "0x0000",
               bus      => "0x00",
               slot     => "0x05",
               function => "0x0",
            },
         },
         {  type     => "file",
            device   => "cdrom",
            file     => "/mnt/data/iso/debian-6.0.2.1-amd64-netinst.iso",
            dev      => "hdc",
            bus      => "ide",
            readonly => 1,
            address  => {                                                                                                               
               type       => "drive",
               controller => 0,
               bus        => 1,
               unit       => 0,
            },
         },
      ],
      network => [
         {  type    => "bridge",
            bridge  => "virbr0",
            model   => "virtio",
            address => {
               type     => "pci",
               domain   => "0x0000",
               bus      => "0x00",
               slot     => "0x03",
               function => "0x0",
            },
         },
      ];

Create a (Xen/HVM) VM named "vm01" with 512 MB ram and 1 cpu. One harddrive, cloned from an existing one.

 vm create => "vm01",
      type   => "hvm",
      storage     => [
         {
            file     => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/vm01.img",
            template => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/svn01.img",                                                                           
         },
      ];

This is the same as above, but with all options in use.

 vm create => "vm01",
      memory => 512*1024,
      cpus   => 1,
      boot   => "hd",
      clock  => "utc",
      on_poweroff => "destroy",
      on_reboot   => "restart",
      on_crash    => "restart",
      storage     => [
         {  type   => "file",
            size   => "10G",
            device => "disk",
            file   => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/vm01.img",
            dev    => "hda",
            bus    => "ide",
            template => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/svn01.img",                                                                           
         },
         {  type     => "file",
            device   => "cdrom",
            dev      => "hdc",
            bus      => "ide",
            readonly => 1,
         },
      ],
      network => [
         {  type    => "bridge",
            bridge  => "virbr0",
         },
      ],
      type => "hvm";

Create a (Xen/PVM) VM named "vm01" with 512 MB ram and 1 cpu. With one root partition (10GB in size) and one swap parition (1GB in size).

 vm create => "vm01",
      type   => "pvm",
      storage     => [
         {
            file    => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/domains/vm01/disk.img",
            dev     => "xvda2",
            is_root => 1,                                                                                                               
         },
         {  
            file   => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/domains/vm01/swap.img",
            dev    => "xvda1",
         },
      ];

This is the same as above, but with all options in use.

 vm create => "vm01",
      type   => "pvm",
      memory => 512*1024,
      cpus   => 1,
      clock  => "utc",
      on_poweroff => "destroy",
      on_reboot   => "restart",
      on_crash    => "restart",
      os          => {
         type  => "linux",
         kernel => "/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-5-xen-amd64",
         initrd => "/boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-5-xen-amd64",
         cmdline => "root=/dev/xvda2 ro",
      },
      storage     => [
         {  type   => "file",
            size   => "10G",
            device => "disk",
            file   => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/domains/vm01/disk.img",
            dev    => "xvda2",
            bus    => "xen",
            aio    => 1, # if you want to use aio
         },
         {  type   => "file",
            size   => "4G",
            device => "disk",
            file   => "/mnt/data/libvirt/images/domains/vm01/swap.img",
            dev    => "xvda1",
            bus    => "xen",
            aio    => 1, # if you want to use aio
         },
      ],
      network => [
         {  type    => "bridge",
            bridge  => "virbr0",
         },
      ];

Start/Stop/Destroy

Start a stopped vm

 vm start => "name";

Stop a running vm (send shutdown signal)

 vm shutdown => "name";

Hard Stop a running vm

 vm destroy => "name";

Delete

 vm delete => "name";

Modifying a VM

Currently you can only modify the memory.

 vm option => "name",
         max_memory => 1024*1024, # in bytes
         memory     => 512*1024;

Request information of a vm

 vm info => "name";

Request info from the underlying hypervisor

 vm hypervisor => "capabilities";
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