Jarkko Hietaniemi > perl > perltw

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NAME ^

perltw - ¥¿Å餤¤å Perl «ü«n

DESCRIPTION ^

Åwªï¨Ó¨ì Perl ªº¤Ñ¦a!

±q 5.8.0 ª©¶}©l, Perl ¨ã³Æ¤F§¹µ½ªº Unicode (¸U°ê½X) ¤ä´©, ¤]³s±a¤ä´©¤F³\¦h©Ô¤B»y¨t¥H¥~ªº½s½X¤è¦¡; CJK (¤¤¤éÁú) «K¬O¨ä¤¤ªº¤@³¡¥÷. Unicode ¬O°ê»Ú©Êªº¼Ð·Ç, ¸Õ¹Ï²[»\¥@¬É¤W©Ò¦³ªº¦r²Å: ¦è¤è¥@¬É, ªF¤è¥@¬É, ¥H¤Î¨âªÌ¶¡ªº¤@¤Á (§Æþ¤å, ±Ô§Q¨È¤å, ªü©Ô§B¤å, §Æ§B¨Ó¤å, ¦L«×¤å, ¦L¦a¦w¤å, µ¥µ¥). ¥¦¤]®e¯Ç¤F¦hºØ§@·~¨t²Î»P¥­»O (¦p PC ¤Î³Áª÷¶ð).

Perl ¥»¨­¥H Unicode ¶i¦æ¾Þ§@. ³oªí¥Ü Perl ¤º³¡ªº¦r¦ê¸ê®Æ¥i¥Î Unicode ªí¥Ü; Perl ªº¨ç¦¡»Pºâ²Å (¨Ò¦p¥¿³Wªí¥Ü¦¡¤ñ¹ï) ¤]¯à¹ï Unicode ¶i¦æ¾Þ§@. ¦b¿é¤J¤Î¿é¥X®É, ¬°¤F³B²z¥H Unicode ¤§«eªº½s½X¤è¦¡Àx¦sªº¸ê®Æ, Perl ´£¨Ñ¤F Encode ³o­Ó¼Ò²Õ, ¥i¥HÅý§A»´©ö¦aŪ¨ú¤Î¼g¤J¦³ªº½s½X¸ê®Æ.

Encode ©µ¦ù¼Ò²Õ¤ä´©¤U¦C¥¿Å餤¤åªº½s½X¤è¦¡ ('big5' ªí¥Ü 'big5-eten'):

    big5-eten   Big5 ½s½X (§t­Ê¤Ñ©µ¦ù¦r§Î)
    big5-hkscs  Big5 + ­»´ä¥~¦r¶°, 2001 ¦~ª©
    cp950       ¦r½X­¶ 950 (Big5 + ·L³n²K¥[ªº¦r²Å)

Á|¨Ò¨Ó»¡, ±N Big5 ½s½XªºÀÉ®×Âন Unicode, ¯­»ÝÁä¤J¤U¦C«ü¥O:

    perl -Mencoding=big5,STDOUT,utf8 -pe1 < file.big5 > file.utf8

Perl ¤]¤ºªþ¤F "piconv", ¤@¤ä§¹¥þ¥H Perl ¼g¦¨ªº¦r²ÅÂà´«¤u¨ãµ{¦¡, ¥Îªk¦p¤U:

    piconv -f big5 -t utf8 < file.big5 > file.utf8
    piconv -f utf8 -t big5 < file.utf8 > file.big5

¥t¥~, §Q¥Î encoding ¼Ò²Õ, §A¥i¥H»´©ö¼g¥X¥H¦r²Å¬°³æ¦ìªºµ{¦¡½X, ¦p¤U©Ò¥Ü:

    #!/usr/bin/env perl
    # ±Ò°Ê big5 ¦r¦ê¸ÑªR; ¼Ð·Ç¿é¥X¤J¤Î¼Ð·Ç¿ù»~³£³]¬° big5 ½s½X
    use encoding 'big5', STDIN => 'big5', STDOUT => 'big5';
    print length("Àd¾m");            #  2 (Âù¤Þ¸¹ªí¥Ü¦r²Å)
    print length('Àd¾m');            #  4 (³æ¤Þ¸¹ªí¥Ü¦ì¤¸²Õ)
    print index("½Î½Î±Ð»£", "να"); # -1 (¤£¥]§t¦¹¤l¦r¦ê)
    print index('½Î½Î±Ð»£', 'να'); #  1 (±q²Ä¤G­Ó¦ì¤¸²Õ¶}©l)

¦b³Ì«á¤@¦C¨Ò¤l¸Ì, "½Î" ªº²Ä¤G­Ó¦ì¤¸²Õ»P "½Î" ªº²Ä¤@­Ó¦ì¤¸²Õµ²¦X¦¨ Big5 ½Xªº "ν"; "½Î" ªº²Ä¤G­Ó¦ì¤¸²Õ«h»P "±Ð" ªº²Ä¤@­Ó¦ì¤¸²Õµ²¦X¦¨ "α". ³o¸Ñ¨M¤F¥H«e Big5 ½X¤ñ¹ï³B²z¤W±`¨£ªº°ÝÃD.

ÃB¥~ªº¤¤¤å½s½X

¦pªG»Ý­n§ó¦hªº¤¤¤å½s½X, ¥i¥H±q CPAN (http://www.cpan.org/) ¤U¸ü Encode::HanExtra ¼Ò²Õ. ¥¦¥Ø«e´£¨Ñ¤U¦C½s½X¤è¦¡:

    cccii       1980 ¦~¤å«Ø·|ªº¤¤¤å¸ê°T¥æ´«½X
    euc-tw      Unix ©µ¦ù¦r²Å¶°, ¥]§t CNS11643 ¥­­± 1-7
    big5plus    ¤¤¤å¼Æ¦ì¤Æ§Þ³N±À¼s°òª÷·|ªº Big5+
    big5ext     ¤¤¤å¼Æ¦ì¤Æ§Þ³N±À¼s°òª÷·|ªº Big5e

¥t¥~, Encode::HanConvert ¼Ò²Õ«h´£¨Ñ¤F²ÁcÂà´«¥Îªº¨âºØ½s½X:

    big5-simp   Big5 ¥¿Å餤¤å»P Unicode ²Å餤¤å¤¬Âà
    gbk-trad    GBK ²Å餤¤å»P Unicode ¥¿Å餤¤å¤¬Âà

­Y·Q¦b GBK »P Big5 ¤§¶¡¤¬Âà, ½Ð°Ñ¦Ò¸Ó¼Ò²Õ¤ºªþªº b2g.pl »P g2b.pl ¨â¤äµ{¦¡, ©Î¦bµ{¦¡¤º¨Ï¥Î¤U¦C¼gªk:

    use Encode::HanConvert;
    $euc_cn = big5_to_gb($big5); # ±q Big5 Âର GBK
    $big5 = gb_to_big5($euc_cn); # ±q GBK Âର Big5

¶i¤@¨Bªº¸ê°T

½Ð°Ñ¦Ò Perl ¤ºªþªº¤j¶q»¡©ú¤å¥ó (¤£©¯¥þ¬O¥Î­^¤å¼gªº), ¨Ó¾Ç²ß§ó¦hÃö©ó Perl ªºª¾ÃÑ, ¥H¤Î Unicode ªº¨Ï¥Î¤è¦¡. ¤£¹L, ¥~³¡ªº¸ê·½¬Û·íÂ×´I:

´£¨Ñ Perl ¸ê·½ªººô§}

http://www.perl.com/

Perl ªº­º­¶ (¥Ñ¼ÚµÜ§¤½¥qºûÅ@)

http://www.cpan.org/

Perl ºî¦X¨åÂúô (Comprehensive Perl Archive Network)

http://lists.perl.org/

Perl ¶l»¼½×¾Â¤@Äý

¾Ç²ß Perl ªººô§}

http://www.oreilly.com.tw/chinese/perl/index.html

¥¿Å餤¤åª©ªº¼ÚµÜ§ Perl ®ÑÂÇ

http://groups.google.com/groups?q=tw.bbs.comp.lang.perl

»OÆW Perl ³s½u°Q½×°Ï (¤]´N¬O¦U¤j BBS ªº Perl ³s½uª©)

Perl ¨Ï¥ÎªÌ¶°·|

http://www.pm.org/groups/asia.shtml#Taiwan

»OÆW Perl ±À¼s²Õ¤@Äý

http://irc.elixus.org/

ÃÀ¥ß¨ó½u¤W²á¤Ñ«Ç

Unicode ¬ÛÃöºô§}

http://www.unicode.org/

Unicode ¾Ç³N¾Ç·| (Unicode ¼Ð·Çªº¨î©wªÌ)

http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/%7Emgk25/unicode.html

Unix/Linux ¤Wªº UTF-8 ¤Î Unicode µª«È°Ý

¤¤¤å¤Æ¸ê°T

¬°¤°»ò¥s "¥¿Å餤¤å" ¤£¥s "ÁcÅ餤¤å"?

http://www.csie.ntu.edu.tw/~b7506051/mozilla/faq.html#faqglossary

¤¤¤å¤Æ³nÅéÁp·ù

http://www.cpatch.org/

Linux ³nÅ餤¤å¤Æ­p¹º

http://www.linux.org.tw/CLDP/

SEE ALSO ^

Encode, Encode::TW, encoding, perluniintro, perlunicode

AUTHORS ^

Jarkko Hietaniemi <jhi@iki.fi>

Autrijus Tang (­ð©vº~) <autrijus@autrijus.org>

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