John Napiorkowski > Catalyst-Runtime-5.90049_002 > Catalyst::Request

Download:
Catalyst-Runtime-5.90049_002.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

Website

CPAN RT

New  23
Open  15
Stalled  1
View/Report Bugs
Source   Latest Release: Catalyst-Runtime-5.90077

NAME ^

Catalyst::Request - provides information about the current client request

SYNOPSIS ^

    $req = $c->request;
    $req->address eq "127.0.0.1";
    $req->arguments;
    $req->args;
    $req->base;
    $req->body;
    $req->body_parameters;
    $req->content_encoding;
    $req->content_length;
    $req->content_type;
    $req->cookie;
    $req->cookies;
    $req->header;
    $req->headers;
    $req->hostname;
    $req->input;
    $req->query_keywords;
    $req->match;
    $req->method;
    $req->param;
    $req->parameters;
    $req->params;
    $req->path;
    $req->protocol;
    $req->query_parameters;
    $req->read;
    $req->referer;
    $req->secure;
    $req->captures;
    $req->upload;
    $req->uploads;
    $req->uri;
    $req->user;
    $req->user_agent;

See also Catalyst, Catalyst::Request::Upload.

DESCRIPTION ^

This is the Catalyst Request class, which provides an interface to data for the current client request. The request object is prepared by Catalyst::Engine, thus hiding the details of the particular engine implementation.

METHODS ^

$req->address

Returns the IP address of the client.

$req->arguments

Returns a reference to an array containing the arguments.

    print $c->request->arguments->[0];

For example, if your action was

    package MyApp::Controller::Foo;

    sub moose : Local {
        ...
    }

and the URI for the request was http://.../foo/moose/bah, the string bah would be the first and only argument.

Arguments get automatically URI-unescaped for you.

$req->args

Shortcut for "arguments".

$req->base

Contains the URI base. This will always have a trailing slash. Note that the URI scheme (e.g., http vs. https) must be determined through heuristics; depending on your server configuration, it may be incorrect. See $req->secure for more info.

If your application was queried with the URI http://localhost:3000/some/path then base is http://localhost:3000/.

$req->body

Returns the message body of the request, as returned by HTTP::Body: a string, unless Content-Type is application/x-www-form-urlencoded, text/xml, or multipart/form-data, in which case a File::Temp object is returned.

$req->body_parameters

Returns a reference to a hash containing body (POST) parameters. Values can be either a scalar or an arrayref containing scalars.

    print $c->request->body_parameters->{field};
    print $c->request->body_parameters->{field}->[0];

These are the parameters from the POST part of the request, if any.

$req->body_params

Shortcut for body_parameters.

$req->content_encoding

Shortcut for $req->headers->content_encoding.

$req->content_length

Shortcut for $req->headers->content_length.

$req->content_type

Shortcut for $req->headers->content_type.

$req->cookie

A convenient method to access $req->cookies.

    $cookie  = $c->request->cookie('name');
    @cookies = $c->request->cookie;

$req->cookies

Returns a reference to a hash containing the cookies.

    print $c->request->cookies->{mycookie}->value;

The cookies in the hash are indexed by name, and the values are CGI::Simple::Cookie objects.

$req->header

Shortcut for $req->headers->header.

$req->headers

Returns an HTTP::Headers object containing the headers for the current request.

    print $c->request->headers->header('X-Catalyst');

$req->hostname

Returns the hostname of the client. Use $req->uri->host to get the hostname of the server.

$req->input

Alias for $req->body.

$req->query_keywords

Contains the keywords portion of a query string, when no '=' signs are present.

    http://localhost/path?some+keywords

    $c->request->query_keywords will contain 'some keywords'

$req->match

This contains the matching part of a Regex action. Otherwise it returns the same as 'action', except for default actions, which return an empty string.

$req->method

Contains the request method (GET, POST, HEAD, etc).

$req->param

Returns GET and POST parameters with a CGI.pm-compatible param method. This is an alternative method for accessing parameters in $c->req->parameters.

    $value  = $c->request->param( 'foo' );
    @values = $c->request->param( 'foo' );
    @params = $c->request->param;

Like CGI, and unlike earlier versions of Catalyst, passing multiple arguments to this method, like this:

    $c->request->param( 'foo', 'bar', 'gorch', 'quxx' );

will set the parameter foo to the multiple values bar, gorch and quxx. Previously this would have added bar as another value to foo (creating it if it didn't exist before), and quxx as another value for gorch.

NOTE this is considered a legacy interface and care should be taken when using it. scalar $c->req->param( 'foo' ) will return only the first foo param even if multiple are present; $c->req->param( 'foo' ) will return a list of as many are present, which can have unexpected consequences when writing code of the form:

    $foo->bar(
        a => 'b',
        baz => $c->req->param( 'baz' ),
    );

If multiple baz parameters are provided this code might corrupt data or cause a hash initialization error. For a more straightforward interface see $c->req->parameters.

$req->parameters

Returns a reference to a hash containing GET and POST parameters. Values can be either a scalar or an arrayref containing scalars.

    print $c->request->parameters->{field};
    print $c->request->parameters->{field}->[0];

This is the combination of query_parameters and body_parameters.

$req->params

Shortcut for $req->parameters.

$req->path

Returns the path, i.e. the part of the URI after $req->base, for the current request.

    http://localhost/path/foo

    $c->request->path will contain 'path/foo'

$req->path_info

Alias for path, added for compatibility with CGI.

$req->protocol

Returns the protocol (HTTP/1.0 or HTTP/1.1) used for the current request.

$req->query_parameters

$req->query_params

Returns a reference to a hash containing query string (GET) parameters. Values can be either a scalar or an arrayref containing scalars.

    print $c->request->query_parameters->{field};
    print $c->request->query_parameters->{field}->[0];

$req->read( [$maxlength] )

Reads a chunk of data from the request body. This method is intended to be used in a while loop, reading $maxlength bytes on every call. $maxlength defaults to the size of the request if not specified.

$req->read_chunk(\$buff, $max)

Reads a chunk.

You have to set MyApp->config(parse_on_demand => 1) to use this directly.

$req->referer

Shortcut for $req->headers->referer. Returns the referring page.

$req->secure

Returns true or false, indicating whether the connection is secure (https). The reliability of $req->secure may depend on your server configuration; Catalyst relies on PSGI to determine whether or not a request is secure (Catalyst looks at psgi.url_scheme), and different PSGI servers may make this determination in different ways (as by directly passing along information from the server, interpreting any of several HTTP headers, or using heuristics of their own).

$req->captures

Returns a reference to an array containing captured args from chained actions or regex captures.

    my @captures = @{ $c->request->captures };

$req->upload

A convenient method to access $req->uploads.

    $upload  = $c->request->upload('field');
    @uploads = $c->request->upload('field');
    @fields  = $c->request->upload;

    for my $upload ( $c->request->upload('field') ) {
        print $upload->filename;
    }

$req->uploads

Returns a reference to a hash containing uploads. Values can be either a Catalyst::Request::Upload object, or an arrayref of Catalyst::Request::Upload objects.

    my $upload = $c->request->uploads->{field};
    my $upload = $c->request->uploads->{field}->[0];

$req->uri

Returns a URI object for the current request. Stringifies to the URI text.

$req->mangle_params( { key => 'value' }, $appendmode);

Returns a hashref of parameters stemming from the current request's params, plus the ones supplied. Keys for which no current param exists will be added, keys with undefined values will be removed and keys with existing params will be replaced. Note that you can supply a true value as the final argument to change behavior with regards to existing parameters, appending values rather than replacing them.

A quick example:

  # URI query params foo=1
  my $hashref = $req->mangle_params({ foo => 2 });
  # Result is query params of foo=2

versus append mode:

  # URI query params foo=1
  my $hashref = $req->mangle_params({ foo => 2 }, 1);
  # Result is query params of foo=1&foo=2

This is the code behind uri_with.

$req->uri_with( { key => 'value' } );

Returns a rewritten URI object for the current request. Key/value pairs passed in will override existing parameters. You can remove an existing parameter by passing in an undef value. Unmodified pairs will be preserved.

You may also pass an optional second parameter that puts uri_with into append mode:

  $req->uri_with( { key => 'value' }, { mode => 'append' } );

See mangle_params for an explanation of this behavior.

$req->remote_user

Returns the value of the REMOTE_USER environment variable.

$req->user_agent

Shortcut to $req->headers->user_agent. Returns the user agent (browser) version string.

$req->io_fh

Returns a psgix.io bidirectional socket, if your server supports one. Used for when you want to jailbreak out of PSGI and handle bidirectional client server communication manually, such as when you are using cometd or websockets.

SETUP METHODS ^

You should never need to call these yourself in application code, however they are useful if extending Catalyst by applying a request role.

$self->prepare_headers()

Sets up the $res->headers accessor.

$self->prepare_body()

Sets up the body using HTTP::Body

$self->prepare_body_chunk()

Add a chunk to the request body.

$self->prepare_body_parameters()

Sets up parameters from body.

$self->prepare_cookies()

Parse cookies from header. Sets up a CGI::Simple::Cookie object.

$self->prepare_connection()

Sets up various fields in the request like the local and remote addresses, request method, hostname requested etc.

$self->prepare_parameters()

Ensures that the body has been parsed, then builds the parameters, which are combined from those in the request and those in the body.

If parameters have already been set will clear the parameters and build them again.

meta

Provided by Moose

AUTHORS ^

Catalyst Contributors, see Catalyst.pm

COPYRIGHT ^

This library is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

syntax highlighting: