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John McNamara > Excel-Writer-XLSX-0.96 > Excel::Writer::XLSX::Chart::Doughnut

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Module Version: 0.96   Source  

NAME ^

Doughnut - A class for writing Excel Doughnut charts.

SYNOPSIS ^

To create a simple Excel file with a Doughnut chart using Excel::Writer::XLSX:

    #!/usr/bin/perl

    use strict;
    use warnings;
    use Excel::Writer::XLSX;

    my $workbook  = Excel::Writer::XLSX->new( 'chart.xlsx' );
    my $worksheet = $workbook->add_worksheet();

    my $chart     = $workbook->add_chart( type => 'doughnut' );

    # Configure the chart.
    $chart->add_series(
        categories => '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7',
        values     => '=Sheet1!$B$2:$B$7',
    );

    # Add the worksheet data the chart refers to.
    my $data = [
        [ 'Category', 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ],
        [ 'Value',    1, 4, 5, 2, 1, 5 ],
    ];

    $worksheet->write( 'A1', $data );

    __END__

DESCRIPTION ^

This module implements Doughnut charts for Excel::Writer::XLSX. The chart object is created via the Workbook add_chart() method:

    my $chart = $workbook->add_chart( type => 'doughnut' );

Once the object is created it can be configured via the following methods that are common to all chart classes:

    $chart->add_series();
    $chart->set_title();

These methods are explained in detail in Excel::Writer::XLSX::Chart. Class specific methods or settings, if any, are explained below.

Doughnut Chart Methods ^

set_rotation()

The set_rotation() method is used to set the rotation of the first segment of a Pie/Doughnut chart. This has the effect of rotating the entire chart:

    $chart->set_rotation( 90 );

The angle of rotation must be 0 <= rotation <= 360.

set_hole_size()

The set_hole_size() method is used to set the hole size of a Doughnut chart:

    $chart->set_hole_size( 33 );

The the hole size must be a percentage in the range 10 <= size <= 90.

User defined colors

It is possible to define chart colors for most types of Excel::Writer::XLSX charts via the add_series() method. However, Pie/Doughnut charts are a special case since each segment is represented as a point so it is necessary to assign formatting to each point in the series:

    $chart->add_series(
        values => '=Sheet1!$A$1:$A$3',
        points => [
            { fill => { color => '#FF0000' } },
            { fill => { color => '#CC0000' } },
            { fill => { color => '#990000' } },
        ],
    );

See the main Excel::Writer::XLSX::Chart documentation for more details.

Doughnut charts support leader lines:

    $chart->add_series(
        name        => 'Doughnut sales data',
        categories  => [ 'Sheet1', 1, 3, 0, 0 ],
        values      => [ 'Sheet1', 1, 3, 1, 1 ],
        data_labels => {
            series_name  => 1,
            percentage   => 1,
            leader_lines => 1,
            position     => 'outside_end'
        },
    );

Note: Even when leader lines are turned on they aren't automatically visible in Excel or Excel::Writer::XLSX. Due to an Excel limitation (or design) leader lines only appear if the data label is moved manually or if the data labels are very close and need to be adjusted automatically.

Unsupported Methods

A Doughnut chart doesn't have an X or Y axis so the following common chart methods are ignored.

    $chart->set_x_axis();
    $chart->set_y_axis();

EXAMPLE ^

Here is a complete example that demonstrates most of the available features when creating a chart.

    #!/usr/bin/perl

    use strict;
    use warnings;
    use Excel::Writer::XLSX;

    my $workbook  = Excel::Writer::XLSX->new( 'chart_doughnut.xlsx' );
    my $worksheet = $workbook->add_worksheet();
    my $bold      = $workbook->add_format( bold => 1 );

    # Add the worksheet data that the charts will refer to.
    my $headings = [ 'Category', 'Values' ];
    my $data = [
        [ 'Glazed', 'Chocolate', 'Cream' ],
        [ 50,       35,          15      ],
    ];

    $worksheet->write( 'A1', $headings, $bold );
    $worksheet->write( 'A2', $data );

    # Create a new chart object. In this case an embedded chart.
    my $chart = $workbook->add_chart( type => 'doughnut', embedded => 1 );

    # Configure the series. Note the use of the array ref to define ranges:
    # [ $sheetname, $row_start, $row_end, $col_start, $col_end ].
    $chart->add_series(
        name       => 'Doughnut sales data',
        categories => [ 'Sheet1', 1, 3, 0, 0 ],
        values     => [ 'Sheet1', 1, 3, 1, 1 ],
    );

    # Add a title.
    $chart->set_title( name => 'Popular Doughnut Types' );

    # Set an Excel chart style. Colors with white outline and shadow.
    $chart->set_style( 10 );

    # Insert the chart into the worksheet (with an offset).
    $worksheet->insert_chart( 'C2', $chart, 25, 10 );

    __END__

This will produce a chart that looks like this:

AUTHOR ^

John McNamara jmcnamara@cpan.org

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright MM-MMXVII, John McNamara.

All Rights Reserved. This module is free software. It may be used, redistributed and/or modified under the same terms as Perl itself.

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