Joel Jacobson > DBIx-Pg-CallFunction-0.012 > pg_proc_jsonrpc.psgi

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NAME ^

pg_proc_jsonrpc.psgi - PostgreSQL Stored Procedures JSON-RPC Daemon

SYNOPSIS ^

How to setup using Apache2, mod_perl and Plack::Handler::Apache2. Instructions for a clean installation of Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.

Install necessary packages

  sudo apt-get install cpanminus build-essential postgresql-9.1 libplack-perl libdbd-pg-perl libjson-perl libmodule-install-perl libtest-exception-perl libapache2-mod-perl2 apache2-mpm-prefork

Create a database and database user for our shell user

  sudo -u postgres createuser --no-superuser --no-createrole --createdb $USER
  sudo -u postgres createdb --owner=$USER $USER

Try to connect

  psql -c "SELECT 'Hello world'"
    ?column?   
  -------------
   Hello world
  (1 row)

Create database user for apache

  sudo -u postgres createuser --no-superuser --no-createrole --no-createdb www-data

Download and build DBIx::Pg::CallFunction

  cpanm --sudo DBIx::Pg::CallFunction

Grant access to connect to our database

  psql -c "GRANT CONNECT ON DATABASE $USER TO \"www-data\""

Configure pg_service.conf

  # copy sample config
  sudo cp -n /usr/share/postgresql/9.1/pg_service.conf.sample /etc/postgresql-common/pg_service.conf

  echo "
  [pg_proc_jsonrpc]
  application_name=pg_proc_jsonrpc
  dbname=$USER
  " | sudo sh -c 'cat - >> /etc/postgresql-common/pg_service.conf'

Configure Apache

  # Add the lines below between <VirtualHost *:80> and </VirtualHost>
  # to your sites-enabled file, or to the default file if this
  # is a new installation.

  # /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default
  <Location /postgres>
    SetHandler perl-script
    PerlResponseHandler Plack::Handler::Apache2
    PerlSetVar psgi_app /usr/local/bin/pg_proc_jsonrpc.psgi
  </Location>
  <Perl>
    use Plack::Handler::Apache2;
    Plack::Handler::Apache2->preload("/usr/local/bin/pg_proc_jsonrpc.psgi");
  </Perl>

Restart Apache

  sudo service apache2 restart

Done!

You can now access PostgreSQL Stored Procedures, e.g. http://127.0.0.1/postgres/now using any JSON-RPC client, such as a web browser, some Perl program, or any application capable of talking HTTP and JSON-RPC.

Let's try it with an example!

Connect to our database using psql and copy/paste the SQL commands to create a simple schema with some Stored Procedures.

Note the SECURITY DEFINER below. It means the functions will be executed by the same rights as our $USER, with full access to our database $USER. The www-data user is only granted EXECUTE access to the functions, and cannot touch the tables using SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT or DELETE SQL commands. You can think of SECURITY DEFINER as a sudo for SQL.

  psql
  
  -- Some tables:
  
  CREATE TABLE users (
  userid serial not null,
  username text not null,
  datestamp timestamptz not null default now(),
  PRIMARY KEY (userid),
  UNIQUE(username)
  );
  
  CREATE TABLE usercomments (
  usercommentid serial not null,
  userid integer not null,
  comment text not null,
  datestamp timestamptz not null default now(),
  PRIMARY KEY (usercommentid),
  FOREIGN KEY (userid) REFERENCES Users(userid)
  );
  
  -- By default, all users including www-data, will be able to execute any functions.
  -- Revoke all access on functions from public, which allows us to explicitly grant
  -- access only to those functions we wish to expose publicly.
  
  ALTER DEFAULT PRIVILEGES REVOKE ALL ON FUNCTIONS FROM PUBLIC;
  
  -- Function to make a new comment
  
  CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION new_user_comment(_username text, _comment text) RETURNS BIGINT AS $$
  DECLARE
  _userid integer;
  _usercommentid integer;
  BEGIN
  SELECT userid INTO _userid FROM users WHERE username = _username;
  IF NOT FOUND THEN
      INSERT INTO users (username) VALUES (_username) RETURNING userid INTO STRICT _userid;
  END IF;
  INSERT INTO usercomments (userid, comment) VALUES (_userid, _comment) RETURNING usercommentid INTO STRICT _usercommentid;
  RETURN _usercommentid;
  END;
  $$ LANGUAGE plpgsql SECURITY DEFINER;

  -- Function to get all comments by a user

  CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION get_user_comments(OUT usercommentid integer, OUT comment text, OUT datestamp timestamptz, _username text) RETURNS SETOF RECORD AS $$
  SELECT
      usercomments.usercommentid,
      usercomments.comment,
      usercomments.datestamp
  FROM usercomments JOIN users USING (userid) WHERE users.username = $1
  ORDER BY 1
  $$ LANGUAGE sql SECURITY DEFINER;

  -- Function to get all comments by all users

  CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION get_all_comments(OUT usercommentid integer, OUT username text, OUT comment text, OUT datestamp timestamptz) RETURNS SETOF RECORD AS $$
  SELECT
      usercomments.usercommentid,
      users.username,
      usercomments.comment,
      usercomments.datestamp
  FROM usercomments JOIN users USING (userid)
  ORDER BY 1
  $$ LANGUAGE sql SECURITY DEFINER;
  
  -- Grant EXECUTE on the functions to www-data
  
  GRANT EXECUTE ON FUNCTION new_user_comment(_username text, _comment text) TO "www-data";
  GRANT EXECUTE ON FUNCTION get_user_comments(OUT usercommentid integer, OUT comment text, OUT datestamp timestamptz, _username text) TO "www-data";
  GRANT EXECUTE ON FUNCTION get_all_comments(OUT usercommentid integer, OUT username text, OUT comment text, OUT datestamp timestamptz) TO "www-data";

The JSON-RPC service supports both GET and POST, let's try GET as it is easiest to test using a web browser. However, when developing for real ALWAYS use POST and set Content-Type to application/json.

  L<http://127.0.0.1/postgres/new_user_comment?_username=joel&_comment=Accessing+PostgreSQL+from+a+browser+is+easy!>
  {
     "error" : null,
     "result" : "1"
  }
  
  L<http://127.0.0.1/postgres/new_user_comment?_username=lukas&_comment=I+must+agree!+Also+easy+from+JQuery!>
  {
     "error" : null,
     "result" : "2"
  }
  
  L<http://127.0.0.1/postgres/new_user_comment?_username=claes&_comment=Or+using+JSON::RPC::Simple>
  {
     "error" : null,
     "result" : "3"
  }
  
  L<http://127.0.0.1/postgres/get_all_comments>
  {
     "error" : null,
     "result" : [
        {
           "usercommentid" : 1,
           "comment" : "Accessing PostgreSQL from a browser is easy!",
           "datestamp" : "2012-06-03 01:20:25.653989+07",
           "username" : "joel"
        },
        {
           "usercommentid" : 2,
           "comment" : "I must agree! Also easy from JQuery!",
           "datestamp" : "2012-06-03 01:21:30.19081+07",
           "username" : "lukas"
        },
        {
           "usercommentid" : 3,
           "comment" : "Or using JSON::RPC::Simple",
           "datestamp" : "2012-06-03 01:22:09.149454+07",
           "username" : "claes"
        }
     ]
  }

DESCRIPTION ^

pg_proc_jsonrpc is a JSON-RPC daemon to access PostgreSQL stored procedures.

The script implements the PSGI standard and can be started using the plackup script, or by any webserver capable of handling PSGI files, such as Apache using Plack::Handler::Apache2.

As DBI is not thread safe, you must not use threaded webservers, such as apache2-mpm-worker, use instead e.g. apache2-mpm-prefork.

It only supports named parameters, JSON-RPC version 1.1 or 2.0.

DBIx::Pg::CallFunction is used to map method and params in the JSON-RPC call to the corresponding PostgreSQL stored procedure.

SEE ALSO ^

plackup Plack::Runner PSGI DBIx::Pg::CallFunction

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