Jeffrey T. Palmer > SDL-2.541_10 > SDL::Events

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Module Version: 2.541_10   Source   Latest Release: SDL-2.544

NAME ^

SDL::Events - Bindings to the Events Category in SDL API

CATEGORY

Core, Events

SYNOPSIS ^

Most likely you just want to know how to get events for you app.

  use SDL ':init';
  use SDL::Event;
  use SDL::Events ':all';

  SDL::init(SDL_INIT_VIDEO); # Event can only be grabbed in the same thread as this

  ...

  my $event = SDL::Event->new(); # notices 'Event' ne 'Events'

  while( 1 )
  {
      SDL::Events::pump_events();
      while(  SDL::Events::poll_event($event) )
      {
          #check by event type
          on_active() if $event->type == SDL_ACTIVEEVENT;
          ...
      }
  }

CONSTANTS ^

The constants are exported by default. You can avoid this by doing:

 use SDL::Events ();

and access them directly:

 SDL::Events::SDL_ACTIVEEVENT;

or by choosing the export tags below:

Export tag: ':type'

 SDL_ACTIVEEVENT
 SDL_KEYDOWN
 SDL_KEYUP
 SDL_MOUSEMOTION
 SDL_MOUSEBUTTONDOWN
 SDL_MOUSEBUTTONUP
 SDL_JOYAXISMOTION
 SDL_JOYBALLMOTION
 SDL_JOYHATMOTION
 SDL_JOYBUTTONDOWN
 SDL_JOYBUTTONUP
 SDL_QUIT
 SDL_SYSWMEVENT
 SDL_VIDEORESIZE
 SDL_VIDEOEXPOSE
 SDL_USEREVENT
 SDL_NUMEVENTS

Export tag: ':mask'

 SDL_EVENTMASK
 SDL_ACTIVEEVENTMASK
 SDL_KEYDOWNMASK
 SDL_KEYUPMASK
 SDL_KEYEVENTMASK
 SDL_MOUSEMOTIONMASK
 SDL_MOUSEBUTTONDOWNMASK
 SDL_MOUSEBUTTONUPMASK
 SDL_MOUSEEVENTMASK
 SDL_JOYAXISMOTIONMASK
 SDL_JOYBALLMOTIONMASK
 SDL_JOYHATMOTIONMASK
 SDL_JOYBUTTONDOWNMASK
 SDL_JOYBUTTONUPMASK
 SDL_JOYEVENTMASK
 SDL_VIDEORESIZEMASK
 SDL_VIDEOEXPOSEMASK
 SDL_QUITMASK
 SDL_SYSWMEVENTMASK
 SDL_ALLEVENTS

Export tag: ':action'

 SDL_ADDEVENT
 SDL_PEEKEVENT
 SDL_GETEVENT

Export tag: ':state'

 SDL_QUERY
 SDL_IGNORE
 SDL_DISABLE / SDL_ENABLE
 SDL_RELEASED / SDL_PRESSED

Export tag: ':hat'

 SDL_HAT_CENTERED
 SDL_HAT_UP / SDL_HAT_RIGHT / SDL_HAT_DOWN / SDL_HAT_LEFT
 SDL_HAT_RIGHTUP / SDL_HAT_RIGHTDOWN / SDL_HAT_LEFTUP / SDL_HAT_LEFTDOWN

Export tag: ':app'

 SDL_APPMOUSEFOCUS
 SDL_APPINPUTFOCUS
 SDL_APPACTIVE

Export tag: ':button'

 SDL_BUTTON
 SDL_BUTTON_LEFT / SDL_BUTTON_MIDDLE / SDL_BUTTON_RIGHT
 SDL_BUTTON_WHEELUP / SDL_BUTTON_WHEELDOWN
 SDL_BUTTON_X1 / SDL_BUTTON_X2
 SDL_BUTTON_LMASK / SDL_BUTTON_MMASK / SDL_BUTTON_RMASK
 SDL_BUTTON_X1MASK / SDL_BUTTON_X2MASK

Export tag: ':keysym'

 SDLK_UNKNOWN
 SDLK_FIRST
 SDLK_BACKSPACE
 SDLK_TAB
 SDLK_CLEAR
 SDLK_RETURN
 SDLK_PAUSE
 SDLK_ESCAPE
 SDLK_SPACE
 SDLK_EXCLAIM
 SDLK_QUOTEDBL
 SDLK_HASH
 SDLK_DOLLAR
 SDLK_AMPERSAND
 SDLK_QUOTE
 SDLK_LEFTPAREN / SDLK_RIGHTPAREN
 SDLK_ASTERISK
 SDLK_PLUS / SDLK_MINUS
 SDLK_COMMA
 SDLK_PERIOD
 SDLK_0 .. SDLK_9
 SDLK_COLON
 SDLK_SEMICOLON
 SDLK_LESS / SDLK_GREATER
 SDLK_EQUALS
 SDLK_QUESTION
 SDLK_AT
 SDLK_LEFTBRACKET / SDLK_RIGHTBRACKET
 SDLK_SLASH / SDLK_BACKSLASH
 SDLK_CARET
 SDLK_UNDERSCORE
 SDLK_BACKQUOTE
 SDLK_a .. SDLK_z
 SDLK_DELETE
 SDLK_WORLD_0 .. SDLK_WORLD_95
 SDLK_KP0 .. SDLK_KP9
 SDLK_KP_PERIOD
 SDLK_KP_DIVIDE / SDLK_KP_MULTIPLY
 SDLK_KP_MINUS / SDLK_KP_PLUS
 SDLK_KP_ENTER
 SDLK_KP_EQUALS
 SDLK_UP / SDLK_DOWN / SDLK_RIGHT / SDLK_LEFT
 SDLK_INSERT
 SDLK_HOME / SDLK_END
 SDLK_PAGEUP / SDLK_PAGEDOWN
 SDLK_F1 .. SDLK_F15
 SDLK_NUMLOCK / SDLK_CAPSLOCK / SDLK_SCROLLOCK
 SDLK_RSHIFT / SDLK_LSHIFT
 SDLK_RCTRL  / SDLK_LCTRL
 SDLK_RALT   / SDLK_LALT
 SDLK_RMETA  / SDLK_LMETA
 SDLK_LSUPER / SDLK_RSUPER
 SDLK_MODE
 SDLK_COMPOSE
 SDLK_HELP
 SDLK_PRINT
 SDLK_SYSREQ
 SDLK_BREAK
 SDLK_MENU
 SDLK_POWER
 SDLK_EURO
 SDLK_UNDO

Export tag ':keymod'

 KMOD_NONE
 KMOD_LSHIFT / KMOD_RSHIFT / KMOD_SHIFT
 KMOD_LCTRL  / KMOD_RCTRL  / KMOD_CTRL
 KMOD_LALT   / KMOD_RALT   / KMOD_ALT
 KMOD_LMETA  / KMOD_RMETA  / KMOD_META
 KMOD_NUM
 KMOD_CAPS
 KMOD_MODE
 KMOD_RESERVED

Export tag ':repeat'

 SDL_DEFAULT_REPEAT_DELAY
 SDL_DEFAULT_REPEAT_INTERVAL

METHODS ^

pump_events

Pumps the event loop, gathering events from the input devices.

        pump_events();

pump_events gathers all the pending input information from devices and places it on the event queue. Without calls to pump_events no events would ever be placed on the queue. Often the need for calls to pump_events is hidden from the user since "poll_event" and "wait_event" implicitly call pump_events. However, if you are not polling or waiting for events (e.g. you are filtering them), then you must call pump_events to force an event queue update.

peep_events (event, num_events, action, mask)

Checks the event queue for messages and optionally returns them.

        my $num_peep_events = SDL::Events::peep_events($event, 127, SDL_PEEKEVENT, SDL_ALLEVENTS);

If action is SDL_ADDEVENT, up to num_events events will be added to the back of the event queue.

If action is SDL_PEEKEVENT, up to numevents events at the front of the event queue, matching mask, will be returned and will not be removed from the queue.

If action is SDL_GETEVENT, up to numevents events at the front of the event queue, matching mask, will be returned and will be removed from the queue.

The mask parameter is a bitwise OR of SDL::Events::SDL_EVENTMASK(event_type), for all event types you are interested in

This function is thread-safe.

You may have to call pump_events before calling this function. Otherwise, the events may not be ready to be filtered when you call peep_events.

Examples of mask:

SDL_EVENTMASK (SDL_KEYUP)
(SDL_EVENTMASK (SDL_MOUSEBUTTONDOWN) | SDL_EVENTMASK (SDL_MOUSEBUTTONUP))
SDL_ALLEVENTS
SDL_KEYUPMASK
SDL_ALLEVENTS ^ SDL_QUITMASK

RETURN

Number of Events actually stored or -1 if there was an error

poll_event($event)

Polls for currently pending events.

If $event is not NULL, the next event is removed from the queue and stored in the SDL::Event structure pointed to by $event.

As this function implicitly calls pump_events, you can only call this function in the thread that set the video mode with SDL::Video::set_video_mode.

RETURN

Returns 1 if there are any pending events, or 0 if there are none available.

push_event($event)

Pushes an event onto the event queue

The event queue can actually be used as a two way communication channel. Not only can events be read from the queue, but the user can also push their own events onto it. event is a pointer to the event structure you wish to push onto the queue. The event is copied into the queue, and the caller may dispose of the memory pointed to after push_event returns.

Note: Pushing device input events onto the queue doesn't modify the state of the device within SDL.

This function is thread safe, and can be called from other threads safely.

RETURN

Returns 0 on success or -1 if the event couldn't be pushed.

wait_event($event)

Waits indefinitely for the next available $event, returning 0 if there was an error while waiting for events, 1 otherwise.

If $event is not NULL, the next event is removed from the queue and stored in $event.

As this function implicitly calls SDL_PumpEvents, you can only call this function in the thread that SDL::Video::set_video_mode.

RETURN

0 if there was an error while waiting for events, 1 otherwise

set_event_filter

Sets up a filter to process all events

        my $filter = sub { if($_[0]->type == SDL_ACTIVEEVENT){ return 0} else{ return 1; }};

        SDL::Events::set_event_filter($filter);

PARAMETER

set_event_filter takes a coderef that it checks all events again. The callback gets a event in the stack

        sub { my $event_to_test = shift; ...}

to filter the event return a 0, to pass the filter return a 1.

One Caveat is if you are filtering SDL_QUIT the event will be filtered if it is non-intterupt call ( Window closes normally ). If it is a interrupt SDL_QUIT it will be process on the next event poll.

Events pushed onto to the queue with SDL::Events::push_events or SDL::Events::peep_events do not get filtered.

This callback may run in a different thread.

get_key_state

Get a snapshot of the current keyboard state

        my $keys_ref = SDL::Events::get_key_state();

        print $keys_ref->[SDLK_RETURN]; # 1 if pressed , 0 if not pressed

Use SDL::Events::pump_events to update the state array.

This function gives you the current state after all events have been processed, so if a key or button has been pressed and released before you process events, then the pressed state will never show up in the get_key_state call.

This function doesn't take into account whether shift has been pressed or not.

get_mod_state

Get the state of the modifier keys

Returns the current state of modifier keys

Return value is an OR'd combination of KMOD_*

 SDL::Events::pump_events; #get latest mod_state in buffers

 my $mod_state = SDL::Events::get_mod_state();

 # Check which ones are pressed with

 # no mod pressed?

 print 'no_mod' if  ( $mod_state & KMOD_NONE );

 # CTRL or ALT

 print 'ctrl alt' if ($mod_state & KMOD_CTRL || $mod_state & KMOD_ALT );

MOD VALUES

KMOD_NONE
KMOD_LSHIFT
KMOD_RSHIFT
KMOD_LCTRL
KMOD_RCTRL
KMOD_LALT
KMOD_RALT
KMOD_LMETA
KMOD_RMETA
KMOD_NUM
KMOD_CAPS
KMOD_MODE
KMOD_CTRL

same as KMOD_LCTRL|KMOD_RCTRL

KMOD_SHIFT

same as KMOD_LSHIFT|KMOD_RSHIFT

KMOD_ALT

same as KMOD_LALT|KMOD_RALT

KMOD_META

same as KMOD_LMETA|KMOD_RMETA

set_mod_state

Get the state of the modifier keys

The inverse of SDL::Events::get_mod_state allows you to impose modifier key states on your application.

Simply pass your desired modifier states into $modstate. This value can be a OR'd combination of any KMOD* constant.

 my $modstate = KMOD_LMETA | KMOD_LSHIFT;

Any KMOD_* constant see SDL::Events::get_mod_state for constants. SDL::Events::set_mod_state( $modstate );

event_state

Allows you to set the state of processing certain events

 SDL::Events::event_state( $type, $state );

A list of $type(s) can be found in SDL::Event

STATES

SDL_IGNORE

The event of $type will be automatically dropper from the event queue and will not be filtered.

SDL_ENABLE

The event of $type will be processed normally. This is default.

SDL_QUERY

The current processing state of the $type will be returned

get_key_name

Gets the name of the a SDL virtual keysym

 my $event = SDL::Event->new();

 while( SDL::Events::poll_event($event) )
 {
   my $key = $event->key_sym;
   $key_str = SDL::Events::get_key_name($key);
 }

Returns a string with the name of the key sym.

enable_unicode

Enable/Disable UNICODE translation

  my $previous_translation_mode = SDL::Events::enable_unicode( 1 ); #enable
     $previous_translation_mode = SDL::Events::enable_unicode( 0 ); #disables

To obtain the character codes corresponding to received keyboard events, Unicode translation must first be turned on using this function. The translation incurs a slight overhead for each keyboard event and is therefore disabled by default. For each subsequently recieved key down event, the unicode member of the SDL::Event::key_sym provided structure will be then contain the corresponding character code, or otherwise zero.

A value of 1 for enabling, 0 for disabling and -1 for unchanged. -1 is useful for querying the current translation mode.

Only key press events will be translated not release events.

Returns the previous translation mode as (1,0).

enable_key_repeat

Sets keyboard repeat rate

 my $success = SDL::Events::enable_key_repeat( $delay, $interval );

Enables or disables the keyboard repeat rate. $delay specifies how long the key must be pressed before it begins repeating, it then repleats at the speed specified by $interval. Both $delay and $interval are expressed in milliseconds.

Setting $delay to 0 disables key repeating completely. Good default values are SDL_DEFAULT_REPEAT_DELAY and SDL_DEFAULT_REPEAT_INTERVAL.

Return 0 on success and -1 on fail.

get_mouse_state

Retrieves the current state of the mouse

  my ($mask,$x,$y) = @{ SDL::Events::get_mouse_state( ) };

  print 'Button Left pressed' if ($mask & SDL_BUTTON_LMASK);

  print 'Button Right pressed' if ($mask & SDL_BUTTON_RMASK);

  print 'Button Middle pressed' if ($mask & SDL_BUTTON_MMASK);

  print $x.','.$y;

The current button state is returned as a button $bitmask, which can be tested using the the above constants

get_relative_mouse_state

Retrieves the current relative state of the mouse

  my ($mask,$x,$y) = @{ SDL::Events::get_mouse_state( ) };

  print 'Button Left pressed' if ($mask & SDL_BUTTON_LMASK);

  print 'Button Right pressed' if ($mask & SDL_BUTTON_RMASK);

  print 'Button Middle pressed' if ($mask & SDL_BUTTON_MMASK);

  print $x.','.$y; # this is relative to the last position of the mouse

The current button state is returned as a button $bitmask, which can be tested using the the above constants

get_app_state

Gets the state of the application

        my $app_state = SDL::Events::get_app_state();

The $app_state is a bitwise combination of:

SDL_APPMOUSEFOCUS

Application has mouse focus

        warn 'mouse focus' if $app_state & SDL_APPMOUSEFOCUS
SDL_APPINPUTFOCUS

Application has keyboard focus

        warn 'keyboard focus' if $app_state & SDL_APPINPUTFOCUS
SDL_APPACTIVE

Application is visible

        warn 'Application Visible' if $app_state & SDL_APPACTIVE

joystick_event_state

Enable/disable joystick event polling

        my $status = SDL::Events::joystick_event_state( $state );

This function is used to enable or disable joystick event processing. With joystick event processing disabled you will have to update joystick states with SDL::Joystick::update and read the joystick information manually. $state can be:

SDL_QUERY
SDL_ENABLE
SDL_IGNORE

Joystick event handling is default. Even if joystick event processing is enabled, individual joysticks must be opened before they generate events

Warning: Calling this function may delete all events currently in SDL's event queue.

If $state is SDL_QUERY then the current state is returned, otherwise the new processing state is returned.

SEE ALSO ^

SDL::Event, SDL::Video

AUTHORS ^

See "AUTHORS" in SDL.

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