Juerd Waalboer > DBIx-Simple-1.26 > DBIx::Simple

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Module Version: 1.26   Source   Latest Release: DBIx-Simple-1.35

NAME ^

DBIx::Simple - Easy-to-use OO interface to DBI

SYNOPSIS ^

DBIx::Simple

    $db = DBIx::Simple->connect(...)  # or ->new

    $db->keep_statements = 16
    $db->lc_columns = 1

    $db->begin_work         $db->commit
    $db->rollback           $db->disconnect
    $db->func(...)          $db->last_insert_id

    $result = $db->query(...)

DBIx::Simple + SQL::Abstract

    $db->abstract = SQL::Abstract->new(...)

    $result = $db->select(...)
    $result = $db->insert(...)
    $result = $db->update(...)
    $result = $db->delete(...)

DBIx::Simple::Result

    @columns = $result->columns

    $result->into($foo, $bar, $baz)
    $row = $result->fetch

    @row = $result->list    @rows = $result->flat
    $row = $result->array   @rows = $result->arrays
    $row = $result->hash    @rows = $result->hashes

    %map = $result->map_arrays(...)
    %map = $result->map_hashes(...)
    %map = $result->map

    $rows = $result->rows

    $dump = $result->text

    $result->finish

DBIx::Simple::Result + DBIx::XHTML_Table

    $html = $result->html(...)

    $table_object = $result->xto(...)

Examples

Please read DBIx::Simple::Examples for code examples.

DESCRIPTION ^

DBIx::Simple provides a simplified interface to DBI, Perl's powerful database module.

This module is aimed at rapid development and easy maintenance. Query preparation and execution are combined in a single method, the result object (which is a wrapper around the statement handle) provides easy row-by-row and slurping methods.

The query method returns either a result object, or a dummy object. The dummy object returns undef (or an empty list) for all methods and when used in boolean context, is false. The dummy object lets you postpone (or skip) error checking, but it also makes immediate error checking simply $db->query(...) or die $db->error.

DBIx::Simple methods

DBIx::Simple->connect($dbh)
DBIx::Simple->connect($dsn, $user, $pass, \%options)
DBIx::Simple->new($dbh)
DBIx::Simple->new($dsn, $user, $pass, \%options)

The connect or new class method takes either an existing DBI object ($dbh), or a list of arguments to pass to DBI->connect. See DBI for a detailed description.

You cannot use this method to clone a DBIx::Simple object: the $dbh passed should be a DBI::db object, not a DBIx::Simple object.

This method is the constructor and returns a DBIx::Simple object on success. On failure, it returns undef.

abstract = SQL::Abstract->new(...)

Sets the object to use with the select, insert, update and delete methods. On first access, will create one with SQL::Abstract's default options.

Requires that Nathan Wiger's SQL::Abstract module be installed. It is available from CPAN.

In theory, you can assign any object to this property, as long as that object has these four methods, and they return a list suitable for use with the query method.

lc_columns = $bool

When true at time of query execution, makes columns, hash, new_hash, hashes, and map_hashes use lower cased column names. lc_columns is true by default.

keep_statements = $integer

Sets the number of statement objects that DBIx::Simple can keep for reuse. This can dramatically speed up repeated queries (like when used in a loop). keep_statements is 16 by default.

A query is only reused if it equals a previously used one literally. This means that to benefit from this caching mechanism, you must use placeholders and never interpolate variables yourself.

    # Wrong:
    $db->query("INSERT INTO foo VALUES ('$foo', '$bar', '$baz')");
    $db->query("SELECT FROM foo WHERE foo = '$foo' OR bar = '$bar'");

    # Right:
    $db->query('INSERT INTO foo VALUES (??)', $foo, $bar, $baz);
    $db->query('SELECT FROM foo WHERE foo = ? OR bar = ?', $foo, $baz);

Of course, automatic value escaping is a much better reason for using placeholders.

error

Returns the error string of the last DBI method. See the discussion of "err" and "errstr" in DBI.

query($query, @values)

The query method prepares and executes the query and returns a result object.

If the string (??) is present in the query, it is replaced with a list of as many question marks as @values.

The database drivers substitute placeholders (question marks that do not appear in quoted literals) in the query with the given @values, after them escaping them. You should always use placeholders, and never use raw user input in database queries.

On success, returns a DBIx::Simple::Result object.

On failure, returns a DBIx::Simple::Dummy object.

select, insert, update, delete

Calls the respective method on abstract and uses it with query. In other words: these are high level forms of query.

See the abstract for more information, and read SQL::Abstract's documentation for usage information.

Obviously, calling query directly is faster for the computer and using these abstracting methods is faster for the programmer.

begin_work, begin, commit, rollback

These transaction related methods call the DBI respective methods and Do What You Mean. See DBI for details.

begin is an alias for begin_work.

func(...)

This calls the func method of DBI. See DBI for details.

last_insert_id(...)

This calls the last_insert_id method of DBI. See DBI for details. Note that this feature requires DBI 1.38 or newer.

dbh

Exposes the internal database handle. Use this only if you know what you are doing. Keeping a reference or doing queries can interfere with DBIx::Simple's garbage collection and error reporting.

disconnect

Destroys (finishes) active statements and disconnects. Whenever the database object is destroyed, this happens automatically. After disconnecting, you can no longer use the database object or any of its result objects.

DBIx::Simple::Dummy

The query method of DBIx::Simple returns a dummy object on failure. Its methods all return an empty list or undef, depending on context. When used in boolean context, a dummy object evaluates to false.

DBIx::Simple::Result methods

columns

Returns a list of column names. In scalar context, returns an array reference.

Column names are lower cased if lc_columns was true when the query was executed.

bind(LIST)

Binds the given LIST to the columns. The elements of LIST must be writable LVALUEs. In other words, use this method as:

    $result->bind(my ($foo, $bar));
    $result->fetch;

Or, combined:

    $result->into(my ($foo, $bar));

Unlike with DBI's bind_columns, the \ operator is not needed.

Bound variables are very efficient. Binding a tied variable doesn't work.

fetch

Fetches a single row and returns a reference to the array that holds the values. This is the same array every time.

Subsequent fetches (using any method) may change the values in the variables passed and the returned reference's array.

into(LIST)

Combines bind with fetch. Returns what fetch returns.

list

Fetches a single row and returns a list of values. In scalar context, returns only the last value.

array

Fetches a single row and returns an array reference.

hash

Fetches a single row and returns a hash reference.

Keys are lower cased if lc_columns was true when the query was executed.

flat

Fetches all remaining rows and returns a flattened list.

arrays

Fetches all remaining rows and returns a list of array references.

In scalar context, returns an array reference.

hashes

Fetches all remaining rows and returns a list of hash references.

In scalar context, returns an array reference.

Keys are lower cased if lc_columns was true when the query was executed.

map_arrays($column_number)

Constructs a hash of array references keyed by the values in the chosen column.

In scalar context, returns a hash reference.

map_hashes($column_name)

Constructs a hash of hash references keyed by the values in the chosen column.

In scalar context, returns a hash reference.

map

Constructs a simple hash, using the first two columns as key/value pairs. Should only be used with queries that return two columns.

In scalar context, returns a hash reference.

rows

Returns the number of rows affected by the last row affecting command, or -1 if the number of rows is not known or not available.

For SELECT statements, it is generally not possible to know how many rows are returned. MySQL does provide this information. See DBI for a detailed explanation.

xto(%attr)

Returns a DBIx::XHTML_Table object, passing the constructor a reference to %attr.

Requires that Jeffrey Hayes Anderson's DBIx::XHTML_Table module be installed. It is available from CPAN.

In general, using the html method (described below) is much easier. xto is available in case you need more flexibility.

This method ignores the lc_columns property.

html(%attr)

Returns an (X)HTML formatted table, using the DBIx::XHTML_Table module. Passes a reference to %attr to both the constructor and the output method.

Requires that Jeffrey Hayes Anderson's DBIx::XHTML_Table module be installed. It is available from CPAN.

This method is a shortcut method. That means that

    $result->html

    $result->html(
        tr => { bgcolor => [ 'silver', 'white' ] }, 
        no_ucfirst => 1
    )

do the same as:

    $result->xto->output

    $result->xto(
        tr => { bgcolor => [ 'silver', 'white' ] }
    )->output(
        no_ucfirst => 1
    );
text($type)

Returns a string with a simple text representation of the data. $type can be any of: neat, table, box. It defaults to table if Text::Table is installed, to neat if it is.

table and box require that Anno Siegel's Text::Table module be installed. It is available from CPAN.

attr(...)

Returns a copy of an sth attribute (property). See "Statement Handle Attributes" in DBI for details.

func(...)

This calls the func method of DBI. See DBI for details.

finish

Finishes the statement. After finishing a statement, it can no longer be used. When the result object is destroyed, its statement handle is automatically finished and destroyed. There should be no reason to call this method explicitly; just let the result object go out of scope.

MISCELLANEOUS ^

Although this module has been tested thoroughly in production environments, it still has no automated test suite. If you want to write tests, please contact me.

The mapping methods do not check whether the keys are unique. Rows that are fetched later overwrite earlier ones.

PrintError is disabled by default. If you enable it, beware that it will report line numbers in DBIx/Simple.pm.

LICENSE ^

There is no license. This software was released into the public domain. Do with it what you want, but on your own risk. The author disclaims any responsibility.

AUTHOR ^

Juerd Waalboer <juerd@cpan.org> <http://juerd.nl/>

SEE ALSO ^

perl, perlref

DBI, DBIx::Simple::Examples, SQL::Abstract, DBIx::XHTML_Table

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