Dmitry Karasik > Prima-1.37 > Prima::Edit

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NAME ^

Prima::Edit - standard text editing widget

SYNOPSIS ^

        use Prima::Edit;
        my $e = Prima::Edit-> create(
                text         => 'Hello $world',
                syntaxHilite => 1,
        );
        $e-> selection( 1, 1, 1, 2);

DESCRIPTION ^

The class provides text editing capabilities, three types of selection, text wrapping, syntax highlighting, auto indenting, undo and redo function, search and replace methods.

The module declares bt:: package, that contains integer constants for selection block type, used by blockType property.

USAGE ^

The class addresses the text space by (X,Y)-coordinates, where X is character offset and Y is line number. The addressing can be 'physical' and 'logical', - in logical case Y is number of line of text. The difference can be observed if wordWrap property is set to 1, when a single text string can be shown as several sub-strings, called chunks.

The text is stored line-wise in {lines} array; to access it use get_line method. To access the text chunk-wise, use get_chunk method.

All keyboard events, except the character input and tab key handling, are processed by the accelerator table ( see Prima::Menu ). The default accelItems table defines names, keyboard combinations, and the corresponding actions to the class functions. The class does not provide functionality to change these mappings. To do so, consult "Prima::AccelTable" in Prima::Menu.

API ^

Events

ParseSyntax TEXT, RESULT_ARRAY_REF

Called when syntax highlighting is requires - TEXT is a string to be parsed, and the parsing results to be stored in RESULT_ARRAY_REF, which is a reference to an array of integer pairs, each representing a single-colored text chunk. The first integer in the pairs is the length of a chunk, the second - color value ( cl::XXX constants ).

Properties

autoIndent BOOLEAN

Selects if the auto indenting feature is on.

Default value: 1

blockType INTEGER

Defines type of selection block. Can be one of the following constants:

bt::CUA

Normal block, where the first and the last line of the selection can be partial, and the lines between occupy the whole line. CUA stands for 'common user access'.

Default keys: Shift + arrow keys

See also: cursor_shift_key

bt::Vertical

Rectangular block, where all selected lines are of same offsets and lengths.

Default key: Alt+B

See also: mark_vertical

bt::Horizontal

Rectangular block, where the selection occupies the whole line.

Default key: Alt+L

See also: mark_horizontal

cursor X, Y

Selects physical position of the cursor

cursorX X

Selects physical horizontal position of the cursor

cursorY Y

Selects physical vertical position of the cursor

cursorWrap BOOLEAN

Selects cursor behavior when moved horizontally outside the line. If 0, the cursor is not moved. If 1, the cursor moved to the adjacent line.

See also: cursor_left, cursor_right, word_left, word_right.

insertMode BOOLEAN

Governs the typing mode - if 1, the typed text is inserted, if 0, the text overwrites the old text. When insertMode is 0, the cursor shape is thick and covers the whole character; when 1, it is of default width.

Default toggle key: Insert

hiliteNumbers COLOR

Selects the color for number highlighting

hiliteQStrings COLOR

Selects the color for highlighting the single-quoted strings

hiliteQQStrings COLOR

Selects the color for highlighting the double-quoted strings

hiliteIDs ARRAY

Array of scalar pairs, that define words to be highlighted. The first item in the pair is an array of words; the second item is a color value.

hiliteChars ARRAY

Array of scalar pairs, that define characters to be highlighted. The first item in the pair is a string of characters; the second item is a color value.

hiliteREs ARRAY

Array of scalar pairs, that define character patterns to be highlighted. The first item in the pair is a perl regular expression; the second item is a color value.

mark MARK [ BLOCK_TYPE ]

Selects block marking state. If MARK is 1, starts the block marking, if 0 - stops the block marking. When MARK is 1, BLOCK_TYPE can be used to set the selection type ( bt::XXX constants ). If BLOCK_TYPE is unset the value of blockType is used.

markers ARRAY

Array of arrays with integer pairs, X and Y, where each represents a physical coordinates in text. Used as anchor storage for fast navigation.

See also: add_marker, delete_marker

modified BOOLEAN

A boolean flag that shows if the text was modified. Can be used externally, to check if the text is to be saved to a file, for example.

offset INTEGER

Horizontal offset of text lines in pixels.

persistentBlock BOOLEAN

Selects whether the selection is cancelled as soon as the cursor is moved ( 0 ) or it persists until the selection is explicitly changed ( 1 ).

Default value: 0

readOnly BOOLEAN

If 1, no user input is accepted.

selection X1, Y1, X2, Y2

Accepts two pair of coordinates, ( X1,Y1) the beginning and ( X2,Y2) the end of new selection, and sets the block according to blockType property.

The selection is null if X1 equals to X2 and Y1 equals to Y2. has_selection method returns 1 if the selection is non-null.

selStart X, Y

Manages the selection start. See selection, X1 and Y1.

selEnd X, Y

Manages the selection end. See selection, X2 and Y2.

syntaxHilite BOOLEAN

Governs the syntax highlighting. Is not implemented for word wrapping mode.

tabIndent INTEGER

Maps tab ( \t ) key to tabIndent amount of space characters.

text TEXT

Provides access to all the text data. The lines are separated by the new line ( \n ) character.

See also: textRef.

textRef TEXT_PTR

Provides access to all the text data. The lines are separated by the new line ( \n ) character. TEXT_PTR is a pointer to text string.

The property is more efficient than text with the large text, because the copying of the text scalar to the stack stage is eliminated.

See also: text.

topLine INTEGER

Selects the first line of the text drawn.

undoLimit INTEGER

Sets limit on number of stored atomic undo operations. If 0, undo is disabled.

Default value: 1000

wantTabs BOOLEAN

Selects the way the tab ( \t ) character is recognized in the user input. If 1, it is recognized by the Tab key; however, this disallows the toolkit widget tab-driven navigation. If 0, the tab character can be entered by pressing Ctrl+Tab key combination.

Default value: 0

wantReturns BOOLEAN

Selects the way the new line ( \n ) character is recognized in the user input. If 1, it is recognized by the Enter key; however, this disallows the toolkit default button activation. If 0, the new line character can be entered by pressing Ctrl+Enter key combination.

Default value: 1

wordDelimiters STRING

Contains string of character that are used for locating a word break. Default STRING value consists of punctuation marks, space and tab characters, and \xff character.

See also: word_left, word_right

wordWrap BOOLEAN

Selects whether the long lines are wrapped, or can be positioned outside the horizontal widget inferior borders. If 1, syntaxHilite is not used. A line of text can be represented by more than one line of screen text ( chunk ) . To access the text chunk-wise, use get_chunk method.

Methods

add_marker X, Y

Adds physical coordinated X,Y to markers property.

back_char [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Removes REPEAT times a character left to the cursor. If the cursor is on 0 x-position, removes the new-line character and concatenates the lines.

Default key: Backspace

begin_undo_group

Opens bracket for group of actions, undone as single operation. The bracket is closed by calling end_undo_group.

cancel_block

Removes the selection block

Default key: Alt+U

change_locked

Returns 1 if the logical locking is on, 0 if it is off.

See also lock_change.

copy

Copies the selected text, if any, to the clipboard.

Default key: Ctrl+Insert

copy_block

Copies the selected text and inserts it into the cursor position, according to the blockType value.

Default key: Alt+C

cursor_cend

Moves cursor to the bottom line

Default key: Ctrl+End

cursor_chome

Moves cursor to the top line

Default key: Ctrl+Home

cursor_cpgdn

Default key: Ctrl+PageDown

Moves cursor to the end of text.

cursor_cpgup

Moves cursor to the beginning of text.

Default key: Ctrl+PageUp

cursor_down [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Moves cursor REPEAT times down

Default key: Down

cursor_end

Moves cursor to the end of the line

Default key: End

cursor_home

Moves cursor to the beginning of the line

Default key: Home

cursor_left [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Moves cursor REPEAT times left

Default key: Left

cursor_right [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Moves cursor REPEAT times right

Default key: Right

cursor_up [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Moves cursor REPEAT times up

Default key: Up

cursor_pgdn [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Moves cursor REPEAT pages down

Default key: PageDown

cursor_pgup [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Moves cursor REPEAT pages up

Default key: PageUp

cursor_shift_key [ ACCEL_TABLE_ITEM ]

Performs action of the cursor movement, bound to ACCEL_TABLE_ITEM action ( defined in accelTable or accelItems property ), and extends the selection block along the cursor movement. Not called directly.

cut

Cuts the selected text into the clipboard.

Default key: Shift+Delete

delete_block

Removes the selected text.

Default key: Alt+D

delete_char [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Delete REPEAT characters from the cursor position

Default key: Delete

delete_line LINE_ID, [ LINES = 1 ]

Removes LINES of text at LINE_ID.

delete_current_chunk

Removes the chunk ( or line, if wordWrap is 0 ) at the cursor.

Default key: Ctrl+Y

delete_chunk CHUNK_ID, [ CHUNKS = 1 ]

Removes CHUNKS ( or lines, if wordWrap is 0 ) of text at CHUNK_ID

delete_marker INDEX

Removes marker INDEX in markers list.

delete_to_end

Removes text to the end of the chunk.

Default key: Ctrl+E

delete_text X, Y, TEXT_LENGTH

Removes TEXT_LENGTH characters at X,Y physical coordinates

draw_colorchunk CANVAS, TEXT, LINE_ID, X, Y, COLOR

Paints the syntax-highlighted chunk of TEXT, taken from LINE_ID line index, at X, Y. COLOR is used if the syntax highlighting information contains cl::Fore as color reference.

end_block

Stops the block selection session.

end_undo_group

Closes bracket for group of actions, opened by begin_undo_group.

find SEARCH_STRING, [ X = 0, Y = 0, REPLACE_LINE = '', OPTIONS ]

Tries to find ( and, if REPLACE_LINE is defined, to replace with it ) SEARCH_STRING from (X,Y) physical coordinates. OPTIONS is an integer that consists of the fdo:: constants; the same constants are used in Prima::EditDialog, which provides graphic interface to the find and replace facilities of Prima::Edit.

fdo::MatchCase

If set, the search is case-sensitive.

fdo::WordsOnly

If set, SEARCH_STRING must constitute the whole word.

fdo::RegularExpression

If set, SEARCH_STRING is a regular expression.

fdo::BackwardSearch

If set, the search direction is backwards.

fdo::ReplacePrompt

Not used in the class, however, used in Prima::EditDialog.

get_chunk CHUNK_ID

Returns chunk of text, located at CHUNK_ID. Returns empty string if chunk is nonexistent.

get_chunk_end CHUNK_ID

Returns the index of chunk at CHUNK_ID, corresponding to the last chunk of same line.

get_chunk_org CHUNK_ID

Returns the index of chunk at CHUNK_ID, corresponding to the first chunk of same line.

get_chunk_width TEXT, FROM, LENGTH, [ RETURN_TEXT_PTR ]

Returns the width in pixels of substr( TEXT, FROM, LENGTH). If FROM is larger than length of TEXT, TEXT is padded with space characters. Tab character in TEXT replaced to tabIndent times space character. If RETURN_TEXT_PTR pointer is specified, the converted TEXT is stored there.

get_line INDEX

Returns line of text, located at INDEX. Returns empty string if line is nonexistent.

get_line_dimension INDEX

Returns two integers, representing the line at INDEX in wordWrap mode: the first value is the corresponding chunk index, the second is how many chunks represent the line.

See also: make_logical.

get_line_ext CHUNK_ID

Returns the line, corresponding to the chunk index.

has_selection

Returns boolean value, indicating if the selection block is active.

insert_empty_line LINE_ID, [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Inserts REPEAT empty lines at LINE_ID.

insert_line LINE_ID, @TEXT

Inserts @TEXT strings at LINE_ID

insert_text TEXT, [ HIGHLIGHT = 0 ]

Inserts TEXT at the cursor position. If HIGHLIGHT is set to 1, the selection block is cancelled and the newly inserted text is selected.

lock_change BOOLEAN

Increments ( 1 ) or decrements ( 0 ) lock count. Used to defer change notification in multi-change calls. When internal lock count hits zero, Change notification is called.

make_logical X, Y

Maps logical X,Y coordinates to the physical and returns the integer pair. Returns same values when wordWrap is 0.

make_physical X, Y

Maps physical X,Y coordinates to the logical and returns the integer pair.

Returns same values when wordWrap is 0.

mark_horizontal

Starts block marking session with bt::Horizontal block type.

Default key: Alt+L

mark_vertical

Starts block marking session with bt::Vertical block type.

Default key: Alt+B

overtype_block

Copies the selected text and overwrites the text next to the cursor position, according to the blockType value.

Default key: Alt+O

paste

Copies text from the clipboard and inserts it in the cursor position.

Default key: Shift+Insert

realize_panning

Performs deferred widget panning, activated by setting {delayPanning} to 1. The deferred operations are those performed by offset and topLine.

redo

Re-applies changes, formerly rolled back by undo.

set_line LINE_ID, TEXT, [ OPERATION, FROM, LENGTH ]

Changes line at LINE_ID to new TEXT. Hint scalars OPERATION, FROM and LENGTH used to maintain selection and marking data. OPERATION is an arbitrary string, the ones that are recognized are 'overtype', 'add', and 'delete'. FROM and LENGTH define the range of the change; FROM is a character offset and LENGTH is a length of changed text.

split_line

Splits a line in two at the cursor position.

Default key: Enter ( or Ctrl+Enter if wantReturns is 0 )

select_all

Selects all text

start_block [ BLOCK_TYPE ]

Begins the block selection session. The block type if BLOCK_TYPE, if it is specified, or blockType property value otherwise.

undo

Rolls back changes into internal array, which size cannot extend undoLimit value. In case undoLimit is 0, no undo actions can be made.

update_block

Adjusts the selection inside the block session, extending of shrinking it to the current cursor position.

word_left [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Moves cursor REPEAT words to the left.

word_right [ REPEAT = 1 ]

Moves cursor REPEAT words to the right.

AUTHOR ^

Dmitry Karasik, <dmitry@karasik.eu.org>.

SEE ALSO ^

Prima, Prima::Widget, Prima::EditDialog, Prima::IntUtils, examples/editor.pl

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