Kazuho Oku > HTTP-Parser-XS-0.14 > HTTP::Parser::XS

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Module Version: 0.14   Source   Latest Release: HTTP-Parser-XS-0.17

NAME ^

HTTP::Parser::XS - a fast, primitive HTTP request parser

SYNOPSIS ^

  use HTTP::Parser::XS qw(parse_http_request);

  # for HTTP servers
  my $ret = parse_http_request(
      "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\nHost: ...\r\n\r\n",
      \%env,
  );
  if ($ret == -2) {
      # request is incomplete
      ...
  } elsif ($ret == -1) {
      # request is broken
      ...
  } else {
      # $ret includes the size of the request, %env now contains a PSGI
      # request, if it is a POST / PUT request, read request content by
      # yourself
      ...
  }


  # for HTTP clients
  use HTTP::Parser::XS qw(parse_http_response HEADERS_AS_ARRAYREF);
  my %special_headers = (
    'content-length' => undef,
  );
  my($ret, $minor_version, $status, $message, $headers)
    = parse_http_response($response, HEADERS_AS_ARRAYREF, \%special_headers);

  if($ret == -1) }
    # response is incomplete
  }
  elsif($ret == -2) {
    # response is broken
  }
  else {
    # $ret is the length of the headers, starting the content body

    # the other values are the response messages. For example:
    # $status  = 200
    # $message = "OK"
    # $headers = [ 'content-type' => 'text/html', ... ]

    # and $special_headers{'content-length'} will be filled in
  }

DESCRIPTION ^

HTTP::Parser::XS is a fast, primitive HTTP request/response parser.

The request parser can be used either for writing a synchronous HTTP server or a event-driven server.

The response parser can be used for writing HTTP clients.

Note that even if this distribution name ends ::XS, pure Perl implementation is supported, so you can use this module on compiler-less environments.

FUNCTIONS ^

parse_http_request($request_string, \%env)

Tries to parse given request string, and if successful, inserts variables into %env. For the name of the variables inserted, please refer to the PSGI specification. The return values are:

>=0

length of the request (request line and the request headers), in bytes

-1

given request is corrupt

-2

given request is incomplete

parse_http_response($response_string, $header_format, \%special_headers)

Tries to parse given response string. $header_format must be HEADERS_AS_ARRAYREF, HEADERS_AS_HASHREF, or HEADERS_NONE, which are exportable constants.

The optional %special_headers is for headers you specifically require. You can set any HTTP response header names, which must be lower-cased, and their default values, and then the values are filled in by parse_http_response(). For example, if you want the Cointent-Length field, set its name with default values like %h = ('content-length' => undef) and pass it as %special_headers. After parsing, $h{'content-length'} is set if the response has the Content-Length field, otherwise it's not touched.

The return values are:

$ret

The parsering status, which is the same as parse_http_response(). i.e. the length of the response headers in bytes, -1 for incomplete headers, or -2 for errors.

If the given response string is broken or imcomplete, parse_http_response() returns only this value.

$minor_version

The minor version of the given response. i.e. 1 for HTTP/1.1, 0 for HTTP/1.0.

$status

The HTTP status of the given response. e.g. 200 for success.

$message

The HTTP status message. e.g. OK for success.

$headers

The HTTP headers for the given response. It is an ARRAY reference if $header_format is HEADERS_AS_ARRAYREF, a HASH reference on HEADERS_AS_HASHREF, an undef on HEADERS_NONE.

The names of the headers are normalized to lower-cased.

LIMITATIONS ^

Both parse_http_request() and parse_http_response() in XS implementation have some size limitations.

The number of headers

The number of headers is limited to 128. If it exceeds, both parsing routines report parsing errors, i.e. return -1 for $ret.

The size of header names

The size of header names is limited to 1024, but the parsers do not the same action.

parse_http_request() returns -1 if too-long header names exist.

parse_http_request() simply ignores too-long header names.

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright 2009- Kazuho Oku

AUTHOR ^

Kazuho Oku gfx mala tokuhirom

THANKS TO ^

nothingmuch charsbar

SEE ALSO ^

http://github.com/kazuho/picohttpparser

HTTP::Parser HTTP::HeaderParser::XS

LICENSE ^

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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