Tom Kirchner > CGI-WebToolkit-0.08 > CGI::WebToolkit::Tutorial

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NAME ^

CGI::WebToolkit::Tutorial

SYNOPSIS ^

This tutorial is a brief startup guide for working with CGI::WebToolkit in order to create a dynamic website.

DESCRIPTION ^

Summary

This tutorial will give instructions on how to create a website with CGI::WebToolkit. This process can be broken down into the following steps, each of which is explained in detail below.

1 Install the module CGI::WebToolkit.
2 Create the directory structure.
3 Create a cgi script.
4 Create a basic workflow function.

Install the module CGI::WebToolkit

The CGI::WebToolkit module is a pure perl module and is usually installed via the cpan shell. To do this you need the cpan shell installed on your machine (Note: the cpan shell comes with most perl distributions):

        $ sudo cpan
        ...
        cpan> install CGI::WebToolkit
        ...
        cpan> exit

If this does not work, you can also install the module manually. Go to http://www.cpan.org, search for "CGI::WebToolkit", download the latest version and unpack it. Start your shell or command prompt and go into the unpacked module directory:

        $ perl Makefile.PL
        $ make
        $ make test
        $ sudo make install

This should install the CGI::WebToolkit module globally to your system. If you have already downloaded the module, you can keep it, because it contains files we later need for the simple example website.

To test weither it was installed successfully, try to load the module documentation:

        $ perldoc CGI::WebToolkit

Create the directory structure

In the following examples the name of this project will be "my_project".

Go to http://www.cpan.org, search for "CGI::WebToolkit", download the latest version and unpack it.

Create a directory on your server that is accessable via http, aka inside the document root of your webserver. Go into the unpacked module directory and copy all subdirectories from t/public/ to the directory of yours.

It should now contain the following subdirectories:

        core/
        themes/
        uploads/

Make the uploads/ subdirectory writeable to the webserver user.

Then create another directory which is not accessable via http, aka outside of the document root of your webserver. Go into the unpacked module directory and copy all subdirectories from t/private/ to the directory of yours.

It should now contain the following subdirectories:

        accesschecks/
        accessconfigs/
        cacheconfigs/
        configs/
        generators/
        javascripts/
        logs/
        modules/
        schemas/
        styles/ 
        templates/
        workflows/

There is only one thing left to do in order to get a working website: a cgi script.

Create a cgi script

Go to the directory on your server where cgi Perl scripts are executed and create a new script, while making the file itself executable:

        #!/usr/bin/perl
        
        use strict;
        use CGI::Carp qw(fatalsToBrowser);
        use CGI::WebToolkit;
        
        my $wtk = CGI::WebToolkit->new(
                -privatepath => '/path/to/your/private/directory',
                -publicpath  => '/path/to/your/public/directory',
                -publicurl   => 'http://url.of.your.site/path/to/public/directory/',
                -cgipath     => '/path/to/your/cgi/directory',
                -cgiurl      => 'http://url.of.your.site/path/to/cgi/directory/',
                -entryaction => 'my_project.home',
        );
        
        print $wtk->handle();

Please, fill out the paths and urls so they match the configuration of your webserver, otherwise it won't work. Sometimes that Perl executable is in another location that #!/usr/bin/perl - adjust it your architecture.

Create a basic workflow function

Go to your private directory, into the subdirectory workflows and create a subdirectory my_project. This will contain all the workflow functions for this simple example website.

In this newly created subdirectory, create a file called home.pl with this content:

        return output(1,'ok',"Hello, World!");

Startup your favourite webbrowser and go to the url of your cgi script. You should see the words "Hello, World!". You have successfully created a simple website using CGI::WebToolkit.

Go on from here

Read in the documentation of CGI::WebToolkit about other configuration options, database access, caching, localization, sessions and access management etc. Have fun!

EXPORT ^

None.

SEE ALSO ^

CGI::WebToolkit.

There is no website for this module.

If you have any questions, hints or something else to say, please mail to tokirc@gmx.net or post in the comp.lang.perl.modules mailing list- thank you for helping make CGI::WebToolkit better!

AUTHOR ^

Tom Kirchner, tokirc@gmx.net

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) 2009 by Tom Kirchner

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.8.6 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.

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