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NAME ^

Net::IMAP - A client interface to IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol).

WARNING: This code is in alpha release. Expect the interface to change release to release.

SYNOPSIS ^

use Net::IMAP;

DESCRIPTION ^

Net::IMAP provides a perl interface to the client portion of IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol).

add more meat - describe overall design (commands, responses, callbacks, convenience routines

METHODS ^

new $host, %options

Creates a new Net::IMAP object, connects to $host on port 143, performs some preliminary setup of the session, and returns a reference to the object.

Once connected, it processes the connection banner sent by the server. If the considers the session to be preauthenticated, new notes the fact, allowing commands to be issued without logging in.

The method also issues a capability command, and notes the result. If the server does support IMAP4rev1, the method closes the connection and returns undef.

The client will use non-synchronizing literals if the server supports the LITERAL+ extension (RFC2088) and the NonSyncLits options is set to 1.

The following Net::xAP options are relevant to Net::IMAP:

Synchronous => 1
NonSyncLits => 0
Debug => 0
InternetDraft => 0

Net::IMAP also understands the following options, specific to the module:

EOL => 'lf'

Controls what style of end-of-line processing to presented to the end-programmer. The default, 'lf', assumes that the programemr wants to fling messages terminated with bare LFs when invoking append, and when fetching messages. In this case, the module will map to/from CRLF accordingly.

If EOL is set to 'crlf', the assumption is that the programmer wants messages, or portions of messages, to be terminated with CRLF. It also assumes the programmer is providing messages terminated with the string when invoking the append method, and will not provide an EOL mapping.

IMAP COMMAND METHODS ^

There are numerous commands in the IMAP protocol. Each of these are mapped to a corresponding method in the Net::IMAP module.

Some commands can only be issued in certain protocol states. Some commands alter the state of the session. These facts are indicated in the documentation for the individual command methods.

The following list enumerates the protocol states:

Non-authenticated

The client has not authenticated with the server. Most commands are unavailable in this state.

Authenticated

The client has authenticated with the server.

Selected

The client has opened a mailbox on the server.

noop

Sends a noop command to the server. It is valid in any protocol state.

This method is useful for placating the auto-logout god, or for triggering pending unsolicited responses from the server.

capability

The capability method retrieves the capabilities the IMAP server supports. This method is valid in any protocol state.

The server sends a capability response back to the client.

If the response does not indicate support for the LITERAL+ extension, the NonSyncLits option is forced off.

logout

Logs off of the server. This method is valid in any protocol state.

login $user, $password

Logs into the server using a simple plaintext password. This method is only valid when the protocol is in the non-authenticated state.

If the server supports RFC2221 (IMAP4 Login Referrals), the completion response could include a referral. See RFC2221 for further information about login referrals.

If successful, the session state is changed to authenticated.

authenticate $authtype, @authinfo

Logs into the server using the authentication mechanism specified in $authtype. This method is only valid when the protocol is in the non-authenticated state.

The IMAP authenticate command is the same as that documented in RFC2222 (Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL)), despite the fact that IMAP predates SASL.

If successful, the session state is changed to authenticated.

The following authentication mechanisms are currently supported:

'login'

This is a variation on the simple login technique, except that the information is transmitted in Base64. This does not provide any additional security, but does allow clients to use authenticate.

'cram-md5'

This implements the authentication mechanism defined in RFC2195 (IMAP/POP AUTHorize Extension for Simple Challenge/Response). It uses keyed MD5 to avoid sending the password over the wire.

'anonymous'

This implements the authentication mechanism defined in RFC2245 (Anonymous SASL Mechanism). Anonymous IMAP access is intended to provide access to public mailboxes or newsgroups.

The method returns undef is $authtype specifies an unsupported mechanism or if the server does not advertise support for the mechanism. The has_authtype method can be used to see whether the server supports a particular authentication mechanism.

In general, if the server supports a mechanism supported by Net::IMAP, the authenticate command should be used instead of the login method.

select $mailbox

Opens the specified mailbox with the intention of performing reading and writing. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

If successful, the server sends several responses: flags, exists, resent, as well as ok responses containing a unseen, permanentflags, uidnext, and uidvalidity codes. If also changes the session state to selected.

If server returns a no response containing a newname response code, this means $mailbox does not exist but the server thinks this is because the folder was renamed. In this case, try specifiying the new folder name provided with the newname response code.

examine $mailbox

Opens the specified mailbox in read-only mode. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

create $mailbox [, $partition]

Creates the specified mailbox. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

The optional $partition argument is only valid with the Cyrus IMAP daemon. Refer to the section 'Specifying Partitions with "create"' the doc/overview file for that package for further information. This feature can only be used by administrators creating new mailboxes. Other servers will probably reject the command if this argument is used. The results are undefined if another server accepts a second argument.

delete $mailbox

Deletes the specified mailbox. Returns undef if $mailbox is the currently open mailbox. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

rename $oldmailboxname, $newmailboxname [, $partition]

Renames the mailbox specified in $oldmailbox to the name specified in $newmailbox. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

The optional $partition argument is only valid with the Cyrus IMAP daemon. Refer to the section 'Specifying Partitions with "rename"' the doc/overview file for that package for further information. This feature can only be used by administrators. Other servers will probably reject the command if this argument is used. The results are undefined if another server accepts a third argument.

subscribe $mailbox

Subscribe to the specified $mailbox. Subscribing in IMAP is subscribing in Usenet News, except that the server maintains the subscription list. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

unsubscribe $mailbox

Unsubscribe from the specified $mailbox. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

list $referencename, $mailbox_pattern

Send an IMAP list command to the server. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

Although IMAP folders do not need to be implemented as directories, think of an IMAP reference name as a parameter given to a cd or chdir command, prior to checking for folders matching $mailbox_pattern.

The $mailbox_pattern parameter allows a couple wildcard characters to list subsets of the mailboxes on the server.

This method will fail, returning undef, if $mailbox_pattern is *. This behavior is not built into the IMAP protocol; it is wired into Net::IMAP. Doing otherwise could be rude to both the client and server machines. If you want to know why, imagine doing list('#news.', '*') on a machine with a full news feed. The % character should be used to build up a folder tree incrementally.

If successful, the server sends a series of list responses.

Please note that the $referencename is an IMAPism, not a Perl reference. Also note that the wildcards usable in $mailbox_pattern are specific to IMAP. Perl regexps are not usable here.

lsub $referencename, $mailbox_pattern

Sends an IMAP lsub command to the server. The lsub command is similar to the list command, except that the server only returns subscribed mailboxes. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

The parameters are the same as those for the list method.

If successful, the server sends a series of lsub responses.

status $mailbox, @statusattrs

Retrieves status information for the specified $mailbox. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

Per RFC2060, the @statusattrs can contain any of the following strings:

This method will fail, returning undef if $mailbox is the currently open mailbox.

If successful, the server sends one or more status responses.

The status operation can be rather expensive on some folder implementations, so clients should use this method sparingly.

append $mailbox, $message [, Flags => $flaglistref] [, Date => $date]

Appends the email message specified in $message to the mailbox specified in $mailbox. This method is valid only when the session is in the authenticated or selected states.

In general, the email message should be a real RFC822 message, although exceptions such as draft messages are reasonable in some situations. Also note that the line terminators in $message need to be CRLF.

The Flags option allows a set of flags to be specified for the message when it is appended. Servers are not required to honor this, but most, if not all, do so.

The Date option forces the internaldate to the specified value. If $date is a string, the format of the string is dd-mmm-yyyy hh:mm:ss [-+]zzzz, where dd is the day of the month (starting from 1), mmm is the three-character abbreviation for the month name, yyyy is the 4-digit year, hh is the hour, mm is the minutes, ss is the seconds, and [-+]zzzz is the numeric timezone offset. This happens to be the same format returned by the internaldate item from the fetch command. If $date is a list reference, it is expected to contain two elements: a time integer and a timezone offset string. The timezone string is expected to be formatted as [-+]zzzz. These two values will be used to synthesize a string in the format expected by the IMAP server. As with the Flags options, servers are not required to honor the Date option, but most, if not all, do so.

Note that the options are specified at the end of the list of method arguments. This is due to the fact that it is possible to have a $mailbox named Flags or Date. Processing the options at the end of the argument list simplifies argument processing. The order of the arguments will be changed if enough people complain.

If server returns a no response containing a trycreate response code, this means $mailbox does not exist but the server thinks the command would have succeeded if the an appropriate create command was issued. On the other hand, failure with no trycreate response code generally means that a create should not be attempted.

check

Ask the server to perform a checkpoint of its data. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

While not always needed, this should be called if the client issues a large quantity of updates to a folder in an extended session.

close

Close the current mailbox. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

If successful, the session state is changed to authenticated.

expunge

Delete messages marked for deletion. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

If successful, the server sends a series of expunge responses.

It will return undef is the mailbox is marked read-only.

search [Charset => $charset,] @searchkeys

Searches the mailbox for messages matching the criteria contained in @searchkeys. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

The @searchkeys list contains strings matching the format described in Section 6.4.4 of RFC2060.

If successful, the server send zero or more search responses. Lack of a search response means the server found no matches. Note that the server can send the results of one search in multiple responses.

fetch $msgset, 'all'|'full'|'fast'|$fetchattr|@fetchattrs

Retrieves data about a set of messages. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

The $msgset parameter identifies the set of messages from which to retrieve the items of interest. The notation accepted is similar to that found in .newsrc files, except that : is used to specify ranges, instead of -. Thus, to specify messages 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, the following string could be used: '1:3,5,7:9'. The character * can be used to indicate the highest message number in the mailbox. Thus, to specify the last 4 messages in an 8-message mailbox, you can use '5-*'.

The following list enumerates the items that can be retrieved with fetch. Refer to Section 6.4.5 of RFC2060 for a description of each of these items.

Please note that the items returning messages, or portion of messages, return strings terminated with CRLF.

RFC2060 also defines several items that are actually macros for other sets of items:

The all, full, and fast items are not intended to be used with other items.

If successful, the server responses with one or more fetch responses.

If the completion response from a fetch command is no, the client should send a noop command, to force any pending expunge responses from the server, and retry the fetch command with $msgset adjusted accordingly.

store $msgset, $itemname, @storeattrflags

Sets various attributes for the messages identified in $msgset. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

The $msgset parameter is described in the section describing fetch.

The $itemname can be one of the following:

The $itemname can also have .silent appended, which causes the server to not send back update responses for the messages.

If successful, and .silent is used used in $itemname, the server response with a series of fetch responses reflecting the updates to the specified messages.

If the completion response from a store command is no, the client should send a noop command, to force any pending expunge responses from the server, and retry the store command with $msgset adjusted accordingly.

The @storeattrflags is a list of flag strings.

copy $msgset, $mailbox

Copy the messages $msgset to the specified mailbox. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

The $msgset parameter is described in the section describing fetch.

If server returns a no response containing a trycreate response code, this means $mailbox does not exist but the server thinks the command would have succeeded if the an appropriate create command was issued. On the other hand, failure with no trycreate response code generally means that a create should not be attempted.

uid_copy $msgset, $mailbox

A variant of copy that uses UIDs in $msgset, instead of message numbers. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

uid_fetch $msgset, 'all'|'full'|'fast'|$fetchattr|@fetchattrs

A variant of fetch that uses UIDs, instead of message numbers, in $msgset and fetch responses. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

uid_search [Charset => $charset,] @searchkeys

A variant of search that uses UIDs, instead of message numbers, in $msgset and search responses. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

uid_store $msgset, $itemname, @storeattrflags

A variant of store that uses UIDs, instead of message numbers, in $msgset and fetch responses. This method is valid only when the session is in the selected state.

CONVENIENCE ROUTINES ^

In addition to the core protocol methods, Net::IMAP provides several methods for accessing various pieces of information.

is_preauth

Returns a boolean valud indicating whether the IMAP session is preauthenticated.

banner

Returns the banner string issued by the server at connect time.

capabilities

Returns the list of capabilities supported by the server, minus the authentication capabilities. The list is not guaranteed to be in any specific order.

has_capability $capname

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the server supports the specified capability.

authtypes

Returns a list of authentication types supported by the server.

has_authtype $authname

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the server supports the specified authentication type.

qty_messages

Returns the quantity of messages in the currently selected folder.

qty_recent

Returns the quantity of recent messages in the currently selected folder.

first_unseen

Returns the message number of the first unseen messages in the currently selected folder.

uidvalidity

Returns the uidvalidity value for the currently selected folder. This is useful for IMAP clients that cache data in persistent storage. Cache data for a mailbox should only be considered valid if the uidvalidity is the same for both cached data and the remote mailbox. See Section 2.3.1.1 of RFC2060 for further details.

uidnext

Returns the uidnext value for the currently selected folder.

permanentflags

Returns the list of permanent flags the server has identified for the currently open mailbox.

If a \* flag is present, the server allows new persistent keywords to be created.

is_permanentflag $flag

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the server considers $flag to be a permanent flag.

flags

Returns a list of the flags associated with the mailbox.

has_flag $flag

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the given $flag is defined for the mailbox.

mailbox

Returns the name of the currently open mailbox. Returns undef if no mailbox is currently open.

is_readonly

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the currently open mailbox is read-only.

NAMESPACE EXTENSION ^

The following methods are available if the server advertises support for RFC2342 (IMAP4 Namespace). Refer to that RFC for additional information.

namespace

Sends a namespace command to the server, if the server advertises support for the extension extension.

ACCESS CONTROL EXTENSION ^

The following methods are available if the server advertises support for RFC2086 (IMAP4 ACL Extension). Refer to that RFC for additional information.

setacl $mailbox, $identifier, $modrights

Sets the access control list for $identifier on $mailbox according to the rights contained in $modrights.

The $identifier typically identifies an account name, but can also specify abstract entities, such as groups.

The format for $modrights is documented in RFC2086.

getacl $mailbox

Retrieves the access control list for $mailbox.

deleteacl $mailbox, $identifier

Deletes all access control list entries for $identifier from $mailbox.

listrights $mailbox, $identifier

List the rights available to $identifier for $mailbox.

myrights $mailbox

List the rights the current user has for $mailbox.

QUOTA EXTENSION ^

The following methods are available if the server advertises support for RFC2087 (IMAP4 Quota Extension). Refer to that RFC for additional information.

getquota $quotaroot

Lists the resource usage and limits for $quotaroot.

setquota $quotaroot, @setquotalist

Sets the resource limits for $quotaroot to @setquotalist.

Valid values for @setquotalist are server-dependant.

getquotaroot $mailbox

Lists the quota roots for $mailbox.

UIDPLUS EXTENSION ^

The following method is available if the server advertises support for RFC2359 (IMAP4 UIDPLUS Extension). Refer to that RFC for additional information.

uid_expunge $msgset

A variant of expunge that allows the operation to be narrowed to the messages with UIDs specified in $msgset.

The $msgset parameter is described in the section describing fetch.

CALLBACKS ^

Many of the command methods result in the server sending back response data. Net::IMAP processes each response by parsing the data, packages it in an appropriate object, and optionally calls a programmer-defined callback for the response. This callback mechanism is how programmers get access to the data retrieved from the server.

set_untagged_callback $item, $coderef

Assigns a programmer-defined code reference to the associated untagged response. When an untagged response matching $item is received, $coderef is called, with the IMAP object and the associated response object passed as parameters.

The default callback for the ok, bye, bad, and no untagged responses includes code to output the text from alert responses to stderr, using carp. If you set your own callback for these responses, be sure to code handle alert codes. Per Section 7.1 of RFC2060, clients are required to clearly display alert messages to users.

RESPONSE OBJECTS ^

As mention in the previous section, responses are parsed and packaged into response objects, which are then passed to callbacks. Each type of response has a corresponding object class. This section describes the various response objects provided.

All of the class names itemized below are prefixed with Net::IMAP.

As a general rule, IMAP nil items are set to undef in the parsed data, and IMAP parenthetical lists are converted to list references (of one form or another). In addition, atoms, quoted strings, and literals are presented as Perl strings.

The condition responses (ok, no, bad, bye, and preauth) can include a response code. Refer to Section 7.1 in RFC2060 for a description of each of the standard response codes.

Response ^

This is the object class for completion responses.

is_tagged

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the response is tagged. In the case of tagged completion responses, this value is always 1.

has_trycreate

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the TRYCREATE response code is present in the response. This can be used after a failed append or copy command to determine whether the server thinks the operation would succeed if a create was issued for the associated mailbox.

UntaggedResponse ^

This class is common to all untagged server responses.

tag

Returns a string containing the tag associated with the response. In the case of untagged responses, this is always *.

is_tagged

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the response is tagged. Obviously, in the case of untagged responses, this value is always 0.

parent

Returns a reference to the parent IMAP object.

Ok ^

This is a container for untagged ok responses from the server.

code

Returns a list reference containing response code elements in the response. Returns undef if no response code is present.

name

Returns the name of the response. In the case of Ok, this returns 'ok'. This method is provided as a convenience for end-programmers wanting to write one common subroutine for one or more of the responses Ok, No, Bad, and Bye.

No ^

This is a container for untagged no responses from the server.

Bad ^

This is a container for untagged bad responses from the server.

Bye ^

This is a container for untagged bye responses from the server.

Expunge ^

This is a container for expunge responses from the server.

The information returned by qty_messages is automatically updated when expunge responses are received.

msgnum

Returns the message number specified in the expunge response.

Capability ^

This is a container for capability responses.

capabilities

Returns the list of capabilities supported by the server, minus the authentication capabilities. The list is not guaranteed to be in any specific order.

has_capability $capname

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the server supports the specified capability.

authtypes

Returns a list of authentication types supported by the server.

has_authtype $authname

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the server supports the specified authentication type.

List ^

This is a container for list responses.

mailbox

Returns the name of the mailbox contained in the object.

delimiter

Returns the hierarchy delimiter associated with the mailbox.

flags

Returns a list of the flags associated with the mailbox.

has_flag $flag

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the given $flag is defined for the mailbox.

List ^

This is a container for lsub responses. It provides the same interface as the Net::IMAP::List class.

Fetch ^

This is a container for fetch responses.

Responses for partial fetches bear special mention. While both the starting byte and quantity of bytes are specified when doing partial fetches with the fetch command, the corresponding response will only show the starting byte. In other words, the command $imap->fetch(1, 'body[]<0.1024>' will, if successful, result in a fetch response item of body[]<0> containing a 1024 octet value. To match a given response for a partial fetch, you might need to use length to match it up with the corresponding item specified in the fetch command.

msgnum

Returns the message number identified in the response.

items

Returns the list of data item names contained in the response. The list is not guaranteed to be in any specific order.

item $item

Returns the data associated with the specified data item.

The following list enumerates the data types associated with each fetch item:

envelope

Net::IMAP::Envelope

bodystructure

Net::IMAP::BodyStructure

body

Net::IMAP::BodyStructure

flags

Net::IMAP::Flags

UID

Integer

rfc822.size

Integer

default

String

Status ^

This is a container for status responses.

mailbox

Returns a string containing the mailbox the status information is associated with.

items

Returns the list of status items contains in the status response.

item $item

Returns the value of the $item status item.

Search ^

This is a container for search responses.

msgnums

Returns the list of message numbers contained in the response.

Flags ^

This is a container for flags responses.

flags

Returns the list of flags contained in the response.

has_flag $flag

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the specified flag is contained in the response.

As a convenience, the information from the flags response is also stored in the parent Net::IMAP object, and is available via Net::IMAP versions of the flags and has_flags methods.

Exists ^

This is a container for exists responses.

exists

Returns the quantity of messages in the currently selected mailbox.

This is information is also available in the qty_messages method in the Net::IMAP class.

Recent ^

This is a container for recent responses.

recent

Returns the number of messages with the \recent flag set.

This information is also available in the qty_recent method in the Net::IMAP class.

Namespace ^

This is a container for namespace responses.

personal [$namespace]

With no argument specified, returns a list of personal namespaces. If $namespace is specified, returns the delimiter character for the specific personal namespace.

other_users [$namespace]

With no argument specified, returns a list of other users' namespaces. If $namespace is specified, returns the delimiter character for the specific other users' namespace.

shared [$namespace]

With no argument specified, returns a list of shared namespaces. If $namespace is specified, returns the delimiter character for the specific shared namespace.

ACL ^

This is a container for acl responses>

mailbox

Returns the name of the mailbox associated with the given ACL data.

identifiers

Returns a list of identifiers contained in the ACL data.

identifier $identifier

Listrights ^

This is a container for listrights responses.

mailbox

Returns the name of the mailbox associated with the given rights.

identifier

Returns a string containing the identifier associated with the rights.

rights

Returns a string containing the rights contained in the response.

Myrights ^

This is a container for myrights responses>

mailbox

Returns the name of the mailbox associated with the given rights.

rights

Returns a string containing the rights contained in the response.

Quota ^

This is a container for quota responses.

quotaroot

Returns a string containing the name of the quota root in the response.

quotas

Returns a list of the quotas contained in the response.

usage $quota

Returns the usage value associated with the given $quota. Returns undef is the given $quota is not present in the response.

limit $quota

Returns the usage limit associated with the given $quota. Returns undef is the given $quota is not present in the response.

Quotaroot ^

This is a container for quotaroot responses.

mailbox

Returns the name of the mailbox associated with the quotaroot data.

quotaroots

If called in an array context, returns the list of quotaroots associated with the mailbox. If called in a scalar context, returns a list reference.

MISC FETCH OBJECTS ^

A fetch response can be relatively complicated. This section documents various classes and methods associated with the various pieces of information available in fetch responses.

BodyStructure ^

This is a container for bodystructure items in fetch responses.

type

Returns a string containing the MIME type of the message. This is the left-hand portion of a MIME media type. For example, the type of text/plain is text.

subtype

Returns a string containing the MIME subtype of the message. This is the right-hand portion of a MIME media type. For example, the subtype of text/plain is plain.

parameters

Returns a reference to a hash containing the key/value attribute pairs in the Content-Type field.

If, for example, the Content-Type field was:

  Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii

The hash would contain one entry the a key of charset, and a value of us-ascii. The key is always forced to be lowercase, but the case of the value is retained from the server.

disposition

Returns the disposition type in the Content-Disposition field. Returns undef if no such field exists.

disp_parameters

Returns a reference to a hash containing the key/value attributer pairs in the Content-Disposition field. A reference to an empty hash is returned if no such field exists, or if there are no parameters in the field.

language

Returns a reference to a list of the language tags present in the Content-Language field. Returns a reference to an empty hash if no such field is present.

Multipart ^

This is a container for BodyStructure objects that are multipart entities.

parts

Returns a list reference of the body parts contained in the multipart entity.

Bodypart ^

This is a container for singlepart entities in BodyStructure and Multipart objects.

id

Return a string containing the contents of the Content-ID field, if one is present, otherwise returns undef.

description

Return a string containing the contents of the Content-Description field, if one is present, otherwise returns undef.

encoding

Returns a string containing the contents of the Content-Transfer-Encoding field. Returns undef if no such field is in the entity.

size

Returns the number of octets in the entity.

lines

If the MIME content type is message/rfc822 or the major type is text, returns the number of lines in the entity, else returns undef.

envelope

If the MIME content type is message/rfc822, returns a Net::IMAP::Envelope object, otherwise returns undef.

bodystructure

If the MIME content type is message/rfc822, returns a Net::IMAP::BodyStructure object, otherwise returns undef.

md5

Returns a string containing the contents of the Content-MD5 field. Returns undef if no such field is in the entity.

Envelope ^

This is a container for envelope data in fetch responses.

For those familiar with SMTP, this is not the same type envelope. Rather, it is a composite structure containing key source, destination, and reference information in the message. When retrieved from the server, it is populated into a Net::IMAP::Envelope object. The following methods are available.

date

Returns a string with the contents of the Date field.

subject

Returns a string with the contents of the Subject field.

from

Returns a list reference of Net::IMAP::Addr objects with the contents of the From field.

sender

Returns a list reference of Net::IMAP::Addr objects with the contents of the Sender field. If no Sender field is present in the message, the server will default it to the contents of the From field.

reply_to

Returns a list reference of Net::IMAP::Addr objects with the contents of the Reply-To field. If no Reply-To field is present in the message, the server will default it to the contents of the From field.

to

Returns a list reference of Net::IMAP::Addr objects with the contents of the Tofield. Will return undef if no To field exists in the message.

cc

Returns a list reference of Net::IMAP::Addr objects with the contents of the Cc field. Will return undef if no Cc field exists in the message.

bcc

Returns a list reference of Net::IMAP::Addr objects with the contents of the Bcc field. Will return undef if no Bcc field exists in the message.

in_reply_to

Returns a string with the contents of the In-Reply-To field. Returns undef if no such field is present in the message.

message_id

Returns a string with the contents of the Date field. Returns undef if no such field is present in the message.

Addr ^

This is a container for address structures in Envelope objects.

phrase

Returns a string containing the phrase portion of the address, or undef if no phrase is present.

route

Returns a string containing the route portion of the address, or undef if no route information is present.

localpart

Returns a string containing the localpart portion of the address, or undef if no localpart is present.

domain

Returns a string containing the domain portion of the address, or undef if no domain is present.

as_string

Returns a string representation of the contents of the object.

CAVEATS ^

Minimal testing has been done against the various IMAP server implementations. Refer to BUGS for known bugs/malfeatures.

AUTHOR ^

Kevin Johnson <kjj@pobox.com>

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 1997-1999 Kevin Johnson <kjj@pobox.com>.

All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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