Kevin Ryde > Image-Base-1.17 > Image::Base

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Module Version: 1.17   Source  

NAME ^

Image::Base - base class for loading, manipulating and saving images.

SYNOPSIS ^

This class should not be used directly. Known inheritors are Image::Xbm and Image::Xpm.

    use Image::Xpm ;

    my $i = Image::Xpm->new( -file => 'test.xpm' ) ;
    $i->line( 1, 1, 3, 7, 'red' ) ;
    $i->ellipse( 3, 3, 6, 7, '#ff00cc' ) ;
    $i->rectangle( 4, 2, 9, 8, 'blue' ) ;

If you want to create your own algorithms to manipulate images in terms of (x,y,colour) then you could extend this class (without changing the file), like this:

    # Filename: mylibrary.pl
    package Image::Base ; # Switch to this class to build on it.
    
    sub mytransform {
        my $self  = shift ;
        my $class = ref( $self ) || $self ;

        # Perform your transformation here; might be drawing a line or filling
        # a rectangle or whatever... getting/setting pixels using $self->xy().
    }

    package main ; # Switch back to the default package.

Now if you require mylibrary.pl after you've used Image::Xpm or any other Image::Base inheriting classes then all these classes will inherit your mytransform() method.

DESCRIPTION ^

new_from_image()

    my $bitmap = Image::Xbm->new( -file => 'bitmap.xbm' ) ;
    my $pixmap = $bitmap->new_from_image( 'Image::Xpm', -cpp => 1 ) ;
    $pixmap->save( 'pixmap.xpm' ) ;

Note that the above will only work if you've installed Image::Xbm and Image::Xpm, but will work correctly for any image object that inherits from Image::Base and respects its API.

You can use this method to transform an image to another image of the same type but with some different characteristics, e.g.

    my $p = Image::Xpm->new( -file => 'test1.xpm' ) ;
    my $q = $p->new_from_image( ref $p, -cpp => 2, -file => 'test2.xpm' ) ;
    $q->save ;

line()

    $i->line( $x0, $y0, $x1, $y1, $colour ) ;

Draw a line from point ($x0,$y0) to point ($x1,$y1) in colour $colour.

ellipse()

    $i->ellipse( $x0, $y0, $x1, $y1, $colour ) ;

Draw an oval enclosed by the rectangle whose top left is ($x0,$y0) and bottom right is ($x1,$y1) using a line colour of $colour.

rectangle()

    $i->rectangle( $x0, $y0, $x1, $y1, $colour, $fill ) ;

Draw a rectangle whose top left is ($x0,$y0) and bottom right is ($x1,$y1) using a line colour of $colour. If $fill is true then the rectangle will be filled.

new()

Virtual - must be overridden.

Recommend that it at least supports -file (filename), -width and -height.

new_from_serialised()

Not implemented. Recommended for inheritors. Should accept a string serialised using serialise() and return an object (reference).

serialise()

Not implemented. Recommended for inheritors. Should return a string representation (ideally compressed).

get()

    my $width = $i->get( -width ) ;
    my( $hotx, $hoty ) = $i->get( -hotx, -hoty ) ;

Get any of the object's attributes. Multiple attributes may be requested in a single call.

See xy get/set colours of the image itself.

set()

Virtual - must be overridden.

Set any of the object's attributes. Multiple attributes may be set in a single call; some attributes are read-only.

See xy get/set colours of the image itself.

xy()

Virtual - must be overridden. Expected to provide the following functionality:

    $i->xy( 4, 11, '#123454' ) ;    # Set the colour at point 4,11
    my $v = $i->xy( 9, 17 ) ;       # Get the colour at point 9,17

Get/set colours using x, y coordinates; coordinates start at 0.

When called to set the colour the value returned is class specific; when called to get the colour the value returned is the colour name, e.g. 'blue' or '#f0f0f0', etc, e.g.

    $colour = xy( $x, $y ) ;  # e.g. #123456 
    xy( $x, $y, $colour ) ;   # Return value is class specific

We don't normally pick up the return value when setting the colour.

load()

Virtual - must be overridden. Expected to provide the following functionality:

    $i->load ;
    $i->load( 'test.xpm' ) ;

Load the image whose name is given, or if none is given load the image whose name is in the -file attribute.

save()

Virtual - must be overridden. Expected to provide the following functionality:

    $i->save ;
    $i->save( 'test.xpm' ) ;

Save the image using the name given, or if none is given save the image using the name in the -file attribute. The image is saved in xpm format.

CHANGES ^

2000/05/05

Added some basic drawing methods. Minor documentation changes.

2000/05/04

Created.

AUTHOR ^

Mark Summerfield. I can be contacted as <summer@perlpress.com> - please include the word 'imagebase' in the subject line.

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) Mark Summerfield 2000. All Rights Reserved.

This module may be used/distributed/modified under the LGPL.

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