Ka-Wai Mak > PBS-Client-0.09 > PBS::Client

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Module Version: 0.09   Source   Latest Release: PBS-Client-0.11

NAME ^

PBS::Client - Perl interface to submit jobs to Portable Batch System (PBS).

SYNOPSIS ^

    # Load this module
    use PBS::Client;
    
    # Create a client object
    my $client = PBS::Client->new();
    
    # Specify the job
    my $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(
        queue => <job queue>,
        mem   => <memory requested>,
        .....
        cmd   => <command list in array reference>
    );
    
    # Optionally, re-organize the commands to a number of batched
    $job->pack(numQ => <number of batch>);
    
    # Submit the job
    $client->qsub($job);

DESCRIPTION ^

This module provides a Perl interface to submit jobs to the Portable Batch System (PBS) server. PBS is a software allocating recources of a network to batch jobs. This module lets you submit jobs on the fly.

To submit jobs by PBS::Client, you need to prepare two objects: the client object and the job object. The client object connects to the server and submits jobs (described by the job object) by the method qsub.

The job object specifies various properties of a job (or a group of jobs). Properties that can be specified includes job name, CPU time, memory, priority, job inter-dependency and many others.

This module attempts to adopt the same philosophy of Perl, of which it tries to understand what you want to do and gives you the least surprise. Therefore, you usually can do the same thing with more than one way. This is also a reason that makes this document lengthy.

SIMPLE USAGE ^

Three basic steps:

1. Create a client object, e.g.,
    my $client = PBS::Client->new();
2. Create a job object and specify the commands to be submitted. E.g., to submit jobs to get the current working directory and current date-time:
    my $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(cmd => ['pwd', 'date']);
3. Use the qsub() method of the client object to submit the jobs, e.g.,
    $client->qsub($job);

There are other methods and options of the client object and job object. Most of the options are optional. When omitted, default values would be used. The only must option is cmd which tells the client object what commands to be submitted.

CLIENT OBJECT METHODS ^

new()

    $pbs = PBS::Client->new(
        server => $server       # PBS server name (optional)
    );

Client object is created by the new method. The name of the PBS server can by optionally supplied. If it is omitted, the default server is assumed.

qsub()

Job (as a job object) is submitted to PBS by the method qub.

    my $pbsid = $pbs->qsub($job_object);

An array reference of PBS job ID would be returned.

JOB OBJECT METHODS ^

new()

     $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(
         # Job declaration options
         wd        => $wd,              # working directory, default: cwd
         name      => $name,            # job name, default: pbsjob.sh
         script    => $script,          # job script name, default: pbsjob.sh
         shell     => $shell,           # shell path, default: /bin/sh
         account   => $account,         # account string
     
         # Resources options
         partition => $partition,       # partition
         queue     => $queue,           # queue
         begint    => $begint,          # beginning time
         host      => $host,            # host used to execute
         nodes     => $nodes,           # execution nodes, default: 1
         ppn       => $ppn,             # process per node
         pri       => $pri,             # priority
         nice      => $nice,            # nice value
         mem       => $mem,             # requested total memory
         pmem      => $pmem,            # requested per-process memory
         vmem      => $vmem,            # requested total virtual memory
         pvmem     => $pvmem,           # requested per-process virtual memory
         cput      => $cput,            # requested total CPU time
         pcput     => $pcput,           # requested per-process CPU time
         wallt     => $wallt,           # requested wall time
     
         # IO options
         stagein   => $stagein,         # files staged in
         stageout  => $stageout,        # files staged out
         ofile     => $ofile,           # standard output file
         efile     => $efile,           # standard error file
         maillist  => $mails,           # mail address list
         mailopt   => $options,         # mail options, combination of a, b, e
     
         # Command options
         vars      => {%name_values},   # name-value of env variables
         cmd       => [@commands],      # command to be submitted
         prev      => {                 # job before
                       ok    => $job1,  # successful job before this job
                       fail  => $job2,  # failed job before this job
                       start => $job3,  # started job before this job
                       end   => $job4,  # ended job before this job
                      },
         next      => {                 # job follows
                       ok    => $job5,  # next job after this job succeeded
                       fail  => $job6,  # next job after this job failed
                       start => $job7,  # next job after this job started
                       end   => $job8,  # next job after this job ended
                      },
     
         # Job tracer options
         tracer    => $on,              # job tracer, either on / off (default)
         tfile     => $tfile,           # tracer report file
     );

Two points may be noted:

1. Except cmd, all attributes are optional.
2. All attributes can also be modified by methods, e.g.,
    $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(cmd => [@commands]);

is equivalent to

    $job = PBS::Client::Job->new();
    $job->cmd([@commands]);

Job Declaration Options

wd

Full path of the working directory, i.e. the directory where the command(s) is executed. The default value is the current working directory.

name

Job name. It can have 15 or less characters. It cannot contain space and the first character must be alphabetic. If not specified, it would follow the script name.

script

Filename prefix of the job script to be generated. The PBS job ID would be appended to the filename as the suffix.

Example: script => test.sh would generate a job script like test.sh.12345 if the job ID is '12345'.

The default value is pbsjob.sh.

shell

Thsi option lets you to set the shell path. The default path is /bin/sh.

account

Account string. This is meaningful if you need to which account you are using to submit the job.

Resources Options

partition

Partition name. This is meaningful only for the clusters with partitions. If it is omitted, default value will be assumed.

queue

Queue of which jobs are submitted to. If omitted, default queue would be used.

begint (Experimental)

The date-time at which the job begins to queue. The format is either "[[[[CC]YY]MM]DD]hhmm[.SS]" or "[[[[CC]YY-]MM-]DD] hh:mm[:SS]".

Example:

    $job->begint('200605231448.33');
    # or equilvalently
    $job->begint('2006-05-23 14:48:33');

This feature is in Experimental phase. It may not be supported in later versions.

host

You can specify the host on which the job will be run.

nodes

Nodes used. It can be an integer (declaring number of nodes used), string (declaring which nodes are used), array reference (declaring which nodes are used), and hash reference (declaring which nodes, and how many processes of each node are used).

Examples:

ppn

Maximum number of processes per node. The default value is 1.

pri

Priority of the job in queueing. The higher the priority is, the shorter is the queueing time. Priority must be an integer between -1024 to +1023 inclusive. The default value is 0.

nice

Nice value of the job during execution. It must be an integer between -20 (highest priority) to 19 (lowest). The default value is 10.

mem

Maximum physical memory used by all processes. Unit can be b (bytes), w (words), kb, kw, mb, mw, gb or gw. If it is omitted, default value will be used. Please see also pmem, vmem and pvmem.

pmem

Maximum per-process physical memory. Unit can be b (bytes), w (words), kb, kw, mb, mw, gb or gw. If it is omitted, default value will be used. Please see also mem, vmem and pvmem.

vmem

Maximum virtual memory used by all processes. Unit can be b (bytes), w (words), kb, kw, mb, mw, gb or gw. If it is omitted, default value will be used. Please see also mem, pmem and pvmem.

pvmem

Maximum virtual memory per processes. Unit can be b (bytes), w (words), kb, kw, mb, mw, gb or gw. If it is omitted, default value will be used. Please see also mem, pmem and vmem.

cput

Maximum amount of total CPU time used by all processes. Values are specified in the form [[hours:]minutes:]seconds[.milliseconds].

Example:

    $job->cput('00:30:00');

refers to 30 minutes of CPU time. Please see also pcput and wallt.

pcput

Maximum amount of per-process CPU time. Values are specified in the form [[hours:]minutes:]seconds[.milliseconds]. Please see also cput and wallt.

wallt

Maximum amount of wall time used. Values are specified in the form [[hours:]minutes:]seconds[.milliseconds]. Please see also cput and pcput.

IO Options

stagein

Specify which files are need to stage (copy) in before the job starts. It may be a string, array reference or hash reference. For example, to stage in from01.file and from02.file in the remote host "fromMachine" and rename to01.file and to02.file respectively, following three representation are equilvalent:

stageout

Specify which files are need to stage (copy) out after the job finishs. Same as stagein, it may be string, array reference or hash reference.

Examples:

ofile

Path of the file for standard output. The default filename is like jobName.o12345 if the job name is 'jobName' and its ID is '12345'. Please see also efile.

efile

Path of the file for standard error. The default filename is like jobName.e12345 if the job name is 'jobName' and its ID is '12345'. Please see also ofile.

maillist

This option declares who (the email address list) will receive mail about the job. The default is the job owner. The situation that the server will send email is set by the mailopt option shown below.

For more than one email addresses, maillist can be either a comma separated string or a array reference.

mailopt

This option declares under what situation will the server send email. It can be any combination of a, which indicates that mail will be sent if the job is aborted, b, indicating that mail will be sent if the job begins to run, and e, which indicates that mail will be sent if the job finishes. For example,

    mailopt => "b, e"
    # or lazily,
    mailopt => "be"

means that mail will be sent when the job begins to run and finishes.

The default is a.

Command Options

vars

This option lets you expand the environment variables exported to the job. It can be a string, array reference or hash reference.

Example: to export the following variables to the job:

    A
    B = b
    C
    D = d

you may use one of the following ways:

cmd

Command(s) to be submitted. It can be an array (2D or 1D) reference or a string. For 2D array reference, each row would be a separate job in PBS, while different elements of the same row are commands which would be executed one by one in the same job. For 1D array, each element is a command which would be submitted separately to PBS. If it is a string, it is assumed that the string is the only one command which would be executed.

Examples:

prev

Hash reference which declares the job(s) executed beforehand. The hash can have four possible keys: start, end, ok and fail. start declares job(s) which has started execution. end declares job(s) which has already ended. ok declares job(s) which has finished successfully. fail declares job(s) which failed. Please see also next.

Example:

    $job1->prev({ok => $job2, fail => $job3})

means that $job1 is executed only after $job2 exits normally and job3 exits with error.

next

Hash reference which declares the job(s) executed later. The hash can have four possible keys: start, end, ok and fail. start declares job(s) after started execution. end declares job(s) after finished execution. ok declares job(s) after finished successfully. fail declares job(s) after failure. Please see also prev.

Example:

    $job1->next({ok => $job2, fail => $job3})

means that $job2 would be executed after $job1 exits normally, and otherwise job3 would be executed instead.

Job Tracer Options

tracer (Experimental)

Trace when and where the job was executing. It takes value of either on or off (default). If it is turned on, an extra tracer report file would be generated. It records when the job started, where it ran, when it finished and how long it used.

This feature is in Experimental phase. It may not be supported in later versions.

tfile (Experimental)

Path of the tracer report file. The default filename is like jobName.t12345 if the job name is 'jobName' and its ID is '12345'. Please see also ofile and efile.

This feature is in Experimental phase. It may not be supported in later versions.

pbsid

Return the PBS job ID(s) of the job(s). It returns after the job(s) has submitted to the PBS. The returned value is an integer if cmd is a string. If cmd is an array reference, the reference of the array of ID will be returned. For example,

    $pbsid = $job->pbsid;

pack()

pack is used to rearrange the commands among different queues (PBS jobs). Two options, which are numQ and cpq can be set. numQ specifies number of jobs that the commands will be distributed. For example,

    $job->pack(numQ => 8);

distributes the commands among 8 jobs. On the other hand, the cpq (abbreviation of command per queue) option rearranges the commands such that each job would have specified commands. For example,

    $job->pack(cpq => 8);

packs the commands such that each job would have 8 commands, until no command left.

copy()

Job objects can be copied by the copy method:

    my $new_job = $old_job->copy;

The new job object ($new_job) is identical to, but independent of the original job object ($old_job).

copy can also specify number of copies to be generated. For example,

    my @copies = $old_job->copy(3);

makes three identical copies.

Hence, the following two statements are the same:

    my $new_job = $old_job->copy;
    my ($new_job) = $old_job->copy(1);

SCENARIOS ^

1. Submit a Single Command

You want to run a.out of current working directory in the default queue:

    use PBS::Client;
    my $pbs = PBS::Client->new;
    my $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(
        cmd   => './a.out',
    );
2. Submit a List of Commands

You need to submit a list of commands to PBS. They are stored in the Perl array @jobs. You want to execute them one by one in a single CPU:

    use PBS::Client;
    my $pbs = PBS::Client->new;
    my $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(
        cmd => [\@jobs],
    );
    $pbs->qsub($job);
3. Submit Multiple Lists

You have 3 groups of commands, stored in @jobs_a, @jobs_b, @jobs_c. You want to execute each group in different CPU:

    use PBS::Client;
    my $pbs = PBS::Client->new;
    my $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(
        cmd => [
                \@jobs_a,
                \@jobs_b,
                \@jobs_c,
               ],
    );
    $pbs->qsub($job);
4. Rearrange Commands (Specifying Number of Queues)

You have 3 groups of commands, stored in @jobs_a, @jobs_b, @jobs_c. You want to re-organize them to 4 batches:

    use PBS::Client;
    my $pbs = PBS::Client->new;
    my $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(
        cmd => [
                \@jobs_a,
                \@jobs_b,
                \@jobs_c,
               ],
    );
    $job->pack(numQ => 4);
    $pbs->qsub($job);
5. Rearrange Commands (Specifying Commands Per Queue)

You have 3 batches of commands, stored in @jobs_a, @jobs_b, @jobs_c. You want to re-organize them such that each batch has 4 commands:

    use PBS::Client;
    my $pbs = PBS::Client->new;
    my $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(
        cmd => [
                \@jobs_a,
                \@jobs_b,
                \@jobs_c,
               ],
    );
    $job->pack(cpq => 4);
    $pbs->qsub($job);
6. Customize resource

You want to customize the requested resources rather than using the default ones:

    use PBS::Client;
    my $pbs = PBS::Client->new;
    
    my $job = PBS::Client::Job->new(
        account   => <account name>,
        partition => <partition name>,
        queue     => <queue name>,
        wd        => <working directory of the commands>,
        name      => <job name>,
        script    => <name of the generated script>,
        pri       => <priority>,
        mem       => <memory>,
        cput      => <maximum CPU time>,
        wallt     => <maximum wall clock time>,
        prologue  => <prologue script>,
        epilogue  => <epilogue script>,
        cmd       => <commands to be submitted>,
    );
    $pbs->qsub($job);
7. Job dependency

You want to run a1.out. Then run a2.out if a1.out finished successfully; otherwise run a3.out and a4.out.

    use PBS::Client;
    my $pbs = PBS::Client->new;
    my $job1 = PBS::Client::Job->new(cmd => "./a1.out");
    my $job2 = PBS::Client::Job->new(cmd => "./a2.out");
    my $job3 = PBS::Client::Job->new(cmd => ["./a3.out", "./a4.out"]);
    
    $job1->next({ok => $job2, fail => $job3});
    $pbs->qsub($job1);

SCRIPT "RUN" ^

If you want to execute a single command, you need not write script. The simplest way is to use the script run in this package. For example,

    run "./a.out --debug > a.dat"

would submit the job executing the command "a.out" with option "--debug", and redirect the output to the file "a.dat".

The options of the job object, such as the resource requested can be edited by

    run -e

The more detail manual can be viewed by

    run -m

REQUIREMENTS ^

Data::Dumper, File::Temp

TEST ^

This module has only been tested with OpenPBS in Linux. However, it was written to fit in as many Unix-like OS with PBS installed as possible.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

1. This module requires the PBS command line tools, especially qsub and qstat.
2. This module requires that all nodes can execute Bourne shell scripts, and that the shell path are the same.
3. Jobs with inter-dependency cannot be submitted to the non-default server. This limitation will be removed soon, hopefully.

Please email to kwmak@cpan.org for bug report or other suggestions.

SEE ALSO ^

PBS offical website http://www.openpbs.com,

PBS

AUTHOR(S) ^

Ka-Wai Mak <kwmak@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2006-2007, 2010-2011 Ka-Wai Mak. All rights reserved.

LICENSE ^

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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