Lincoln D. Stein > VM-EC2-1.23 > VM::EC2::Security::Credentials

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Source   Latest Release: VM-EC2-1.27

NAME ^

VM::EC2::Security::Credentials -- Temporary security credentials for EC2

SYNOPSIS ^

 use VM::EC2;
 use VM::EC2::Security::Policy

 # under your account
 $ec2 = VM::EC2->new(...);  # as usual
 my $policy = VM::EC2::Security::Policy->new;
 $policy->allow('DescribeImages','RunInstances');
 my $token = $ec2->get_federation_token(-name     => 'TemporaryUser',
                                        -duration => 60*60*3, # 3 hrs, as seconds
                                        -policy   => $policy);
 print $token->sessionToken,"\n";
 print $token->accessKeyId,"\n";
 print $token->secretAccessKey,"\n";
 print $token->federatedUser,"\n";

 my $serialized = $token->serialize;

 # get the serialized token to the temporary user
 send_data_to_user_somehow($serialized); 

 # under the temporary user's account
 my $serialized = get_data_somehow();

 # create a copy of the token from its serialized form
 my $token = VM::EC2::Security::Credentials->new_from_serialized($serialized);

 # create a copy of the token from its JSON representation (e.g. as returned
 # from instance metadata of an instance that is assigned an IAM role
 my $token = VM::EC2::Security::Credentials->new_from_json($json);

 # open a new EC2 connection with this token. User will be
 # able to run all the methods specified in the policy.
 my $ec2   = VM::EC2->new(-security_token => $token);
 print $ec2->describe_images(-owner=>'self');

 # convenience routine; will return a VM::EC2 object authorized
 # to use the current token
 my $ec2   = $token->new_ec2;
 print $ec2->describe_images(-owner=>'self');

DESCRIPTION ^

The VM::EC2::Security::Credentials object is returned by the VM::EC2::Security::Token->credentials() method, which in turn is generated by calls to VM::EC2->get_federation_token() and VM::EC2->get_session_token(). The Credentials object contains time-limited EC2 authentication information, including access key ID, secret access key, and a temporary authentication session token.

A Credentials object can be passed to VM::EC2->new() via the -security_token parameter, in which case the -access_key and -secret_key parameters can be omitted.

As Credentials typically need to be transmitted from a process being run by an AWS account holder to a process being run by another user, the object provides serialization methods that allow the object to be transmitted as a simple string.

DATA ACCESS METHODS ^

 accessKeyId()          -- The temporary access key ID
 secretAccessKey()      -- The secret access key
 sessionToken()         -- The temporary security token, as a long
                              opaque string
 expiration()           -- The expiration time of these credentials, as a
                              DateTime string.

As in all VM::EC2 classes, mixedCase() and broken_out_with_underscores() names may be used interchangeably.

SERIALIZATION METHODS ^

These two methods allow you to serialize the credentials into a string suitable for sending via SSL, S/MIME or another secure channel, and then reconstructing the object at the other end. For sending the credentials to a non-perl process, you can simply retrieve each individual field (access key, etc) and send them individually.

$serialized = $credentials->serialize()

Return a serialized form of the object as a base64-encoded string. Note that the serialized form contains the secret access key and session token in unencrypted, but very slightly obfuscated, form.

$credentials = VM::EC2::Security::Credentials->new_from_serialized($serialized)

Given a previously-serialized Credentials object, unserialize it and return a copy.

CONVENIENCE METHODS ^

These are convenience methods.

$ec2 = $credentials->new_ec2(@args)

Create a new VM::EC2 object which is authorized using the security token contained in the credentials object. You may pass all the arguments, such as -endpoint, that are accepted by VM::EC2->new(), but -access_key and -secret_access_key will be ignored.

STRING OVERLOADING ^

When used in a string context, this object will interpolate the

SEE ALSO ^

VM::EC2 VM::EC2::Generic

AUTHOR ^

Lincoln Stein <lincoln.stein@gmail.com>.

Copyright (c) 2011 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

This package and its accompanying libraries is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GPL (either version 1, or at your option, any later version) or the Artistic License 2.0. Refer to LICENSE for the full license text. In addition, please see DISCLAIMER.txt for disclaimers of warranty.

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